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Zygmunt Wróblewski

Zygmunt Wróblewski Polish scientist

Polish scientist
Zygmunt Wróblewski
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro Polish scientist
A.K.A. Zygmunt Florenty Wróblewski, Zygmunt Wroblewski, Zygmunt Florenty Wro...
Was Scientist Physicist Chemist
From Russia Poland
Type Science
Gender male
Birth 28 October 1845, Grodno, Belarus
Death 16 April 1888, Kraków, Poland (aged 42 years)
Star sign ScorpioScorpio
Family
Mother: Karolina Wróblewska
Father: Antoni Wróblewski
The details

Biography

Zygmunt Florenty Wróblewski (28 October 1845 – 16 April 1888) was a Polish physicist and chemist.

Biography

Wróblewski was born in Grodno (Russian Empire, now in Belarus). He studied at Kiev University. After a six-year exile for participating in the January 1863 Uprising against Imperial Russia, he studied in Berlin and Heidelberg. He defended his doctoral dissertation at Munich University in 1876 and became an assistant professor at Strasburg University. In 1880 he became a member of the Polish Academy of Learning.

Wróblewski was introduced to gas condensation in Paris by Professor Caillet at the École Normale Supérieure. When Wróblewski was offered a chair in physics at Jagiellonian University, he accepted. At Kraków he began studying gases and soon established a collaboration with Karol Olszewski.

While studying carbonic acid, Wróblewski discovered the CO2 hydrate. He reported this finding in 1882.

On 29 March 1883 Wróblewski and Olszewski used a new method of condensing oxygen, and on 13 April the same year—nitrogen.

In 1888, while studying the physical properties of hydrogen, Wróblewski upset a kerosene lamp and was severely burned. He died soon after at a Kraków hospital.

Karol Olszewski continued the experiments, using an improved Pictet cascade apparatus, and carbon dioxide, boiling ethylene in vacuum, and boiling nitrogen and boiling air as cooling agents.

He died on 16 April 1888 as a result of an accident in his laboratory in which he sustained serious injuries and was buried at the Rakowicki Cemetery in Kraków.

In 1976, the International Astronomical Union (IAU) passed a decision to give the name of Wróblewski to one of the craters of the Moon in honour of the chemist.

Inscription in Polish and Latin:"In this buildingKarol Olszewski andZygmunt Wróblewskiprofessors at Jagiellonian Universityin 1883for the first time in the world liquefiedcomponents of airthereby opening to science and industrynew fields of research and application"

Books

  • Ueber die Diffusion der Gase durch absorbirende Substanzen (On the Diffusion of Gases through Absorbing Substances, 1874)
The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 19 Mar 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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Reference sources
References
https://www.europhysicsnews.org/articles/epn/pdf/2010/04/epn2010414p21.pdf
https://www.polskieradio.pl/39/156/Artykul/1536809,Zygmunt-Wroblewski-pierwszy-skroplil-tlen
https://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb145267173
https://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb145267173
https://d-nb.info/gnd/119457512
http://isni.org/isni/0000000110616915
https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/nb97082035
https://snaccooperative.org/ark:/99166/w6x95wm1
https://www.idref.fr/145156117
https://viaf.org/viaf/49458664
https://www.worldcat.org/identities/lccn-nb97082035
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