peoplepill id: zhu-youyuan
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Zhu Youyuan
Ming Dynasty politician

Zhu Youyuan

Zhu Youyuan
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Zhu Youyuan (Chinese: 朱祐杬) (22 July 1476 – 13 July 1519), a prince of the Ming dynasty of China. He was the fourth son of the Chenghua Emperor.

Created Prince Xian (Chinese: ) of Xing (Chinese: ), his fief was near today's Zhongxiang, in Hubei Province. He and his wife were posthumously honored by his son after he became the Jiajing Emperor in 1521.


Burial place

His tomb originally was an ordinary prince's tomb which located at Songlin Mount (松林山), Zhongxiang, Hubei Province. The tomb was rebuilt in 1519, until 1521. His son Jiajing Emperor enthroned, Jiajing against the ministers for his posthumously title. Later, he was posthumously honored as "Emperor Xingxian" (興獻帝), then his tomb rebuilt as emperor's style and renamed as "Xianling" (顯陵).

Worship imperial ancestral temple

Originally, ministers against Jiajing Emperor for worship imperial temple for Zhu Youyuan. Then, Jiajing had to set up another temple for him and named as "shimiao" (世廟), then renamed as "Temple of Emperor Xian" in 1536. Two years later, the temple restyled as imperial ancestral temple, and Jiajing honored Zhu Youyuan with the temple name "Ruizong". At that time, Jiajing had relocated the temple with Hongzhi Emperor's temple, due to they were brothers.

After the temple was rebuilt, Jiajing had veto for let Zhu Youyuan shared the sam temple with Hongzhi, and relocated the temple at the above of Zhengde Emperor's temple. At this point, Jiajing had finally posthumously honored Zhu Youyuan as emperor and finished the worship.

During the reign of Wanli Emperor to Tianqi Emperor, ministers had requested to remove Zhu Youyuan's temple, but still got veto.

Zhu Youyuan's imperial made epitaph of Prince Xian of Xing

The original text:


Approximately translate:

The prince name Youyuan, was 2nd son (actually was 4th son) of Emperor Xianzong Chun (Chenghua Emperor), his mother was Lady Shao (Empress Xiaohui). He was born on 2nd day, 7th month in 12th year of Chenghua's reign, bestowed as Prince of Xing 11th day, 7th month in 23rd year of Chenghua's reign, and took the fief as Prince on 18th day, 9th month of 7th year Hongzhi's reign, which was located at Anlu, Huguang, he died illness on 17th day, 6th month of 14th year of Zhengde's reign, when he was 44. His consort is Lady Jiang, who was daughter of Jiang Xiao, a military commander. They had a son and 2 daughters (living children). When the emperor got the obituaries, he has ceases pilgrimage for three days, send officers to granted worship.


  • Parents:
    • Zhu Jianshen, the Chenghua Emperor (憲宗 朱見深; 9 December 1447 – 9 September 1487)
    • Empress Xiaohui, of the Shao clan (孝惠皇后 邵氏; d. 1522)
  • Consorts and Issue:
    • Empress Cixiaoxian, of the Jiang clan (慈孝獻皇后 蔣氏; d. 1538)
      • Zhu Houxi, Prince Yuehuai (岳懷王 朱厚熙; 7 July 1500 – 12 July 1500), first son
      • Princess Changning (長寧公主; 26 November 1501 – 16 April 1504), first daughter
      • Princess Yongfu (永福公主; 20 May 1506 – 20 June 1525)
        • Married Wu Jinghe (鄔景和; 1508–1568) in 1523
      • Zhu Houcong, the Jiajing Emperor (世宗 朱厚熜; 16 September 1507 – 23 January 1567), second son
      • Princess Yongchun (永淳公主; 2 October 1511 – 1540)
        • Married Xie Zhao (謝詔; 1512–1567) in 1527, and had issue (one son)
    • Consort Wenjingshu, of the Wang clan (溫靜淑妃 王氏; d. 1532)
      • Princess Shanhua (善化公主; 21 July 1503 – 15 May 1512), second daughter
The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 08 Apr 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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