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Zhang Xun

Zhang Xun Ming dynasty person CBDB = 237593

Ming dynasty person CBDB = 237593
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro Ming dynasty person CBDB = 237593
Countries China
Gender male
The details
Biography

Zhang Xun (simplified Chinese: 张勋; traditional Chinese: 張勳; pinyin: Zhāng Xūn or; Wade–Giles: Chang Hsün; September 16, 1854 – September 11, 1923), courtesy name Shaoxuan, was a Qing loyalist general who attempted to restore the abdicated emperor Puyi in the Manchu Restoration of 1917. He also supported Yuan Shikai during his time as president.

Biography

He was born on September 16, 1854.

Zhang served as a military escort for Empress Dowager Cixi during the Boxer Uprising. He later served as a subordinate of General Yuan Shikai in the Beiyang Army. He fought for the Qing at Nanjing in 1911, and then after the fall of the Qing, he remained loyal to Yuan Shikai. Despite serving as a general in the new Republic, he refused to cut his queue, as a symbol of his loyalty to the Qing. He was called the "Queue General". He seized Nanjing from the KMT in 1913, defeating the Second Revolution. Despite allowing his troops to savagely loot the city, Zhang was named a field marshal by Yuan.

Zhang Xun as seen after his failed restoration

Between 1 July 1917 and 12 July 1917, Zhang Xun proclaimed himself Prime Minister of the Imperial Cabinet by entering Beijing to reinstate the deposed Puyi as Emperor of the Qing dynasty. However, Zhang Xun's proclamation in July 1917 was never recognized by the Government of the Chinese Republic, most of the Chinese people, or any foreign countries. Other generals loyal to the Republic subsequently thwarted Zhang and forced Puyi to abdicate again. Zhang then took refuge in the Dutch legation and never participated in politics again.

He died on September 11, 1923.

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References
https://books.google.de/books?id=Qu5KojZANpQC&printsec=frontcover&hl=de#v=onepage&q&f=false
https://books.google.de/books?id=Cs9yOuCZ-ekC&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q&f=false
http://isni.org/isni/0000000063428590
https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n82075579
https://trove.nla.gov.au/people/1328101
http://data.bibliotheken.nl/id/thes/p143142119
https://www.idref.fr/171948971
https://viaf.org/viaf/70274838
https://www.worldcat.org/identities/containsVIAFID/70274838
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