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Wolfgang Ratke

Wolfgang Ratke

German educator
Wolfgang Ratke
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro German educator
A.K.A. Ratichius, Wolfgang Ratichius
Was Writer Teacher Educator
From Germany
Type Academia Literature
Gender male
Birth 18 October 1571, Wilster, Germany
Death 27 April 1635, Erfurt, Germany (aged 63 years)
Star sign LibraLibra
The details

Biography

Wolfgang Ratke (also Wolfgangus Ratichius or Wolfgang Ratich) (18 October 1571 – 27 April 1635) was a German educational reformer.

Biography

Early life

He was born at Wilster, Holstein, the son of Andreas Ratke who died early and Margarete Rost who died aged 66 on 19 May 1613. He was educated at the Gelehrtenschule des Johanneums and the University of Rostock.

System of education

While sojourning in Holland (1603–11), he devised a new method for teaching languages quickly. His system of education was based upon Francis Bacon's philosophy, the principle being that of proceeding from things to names, from the particular to the general, and from the mother tongue to foreign languages. His fundamental idea was that the Baconian theory of induction was following nature, meaning that there is a natural sequence along which the mind moves in the acquisition of knowledge, through particulars to the general. He advocated, above all, the use of the vernacular as the proper means for approaching all subjects, and demanded the establishment of a vernacular school on the basis of the Latin school.

Implementation efforts

He tried to enlist the Prince of Orange in his cause, but failing, he went to Germany. In 1618 he opened schools at Augsburg and elsewhere. In Köthen, Prince Ludwig von Anhalt furnished him with the means of opening a school to be conducted according to his own ideas; however, difficulties with the clergy led to his imprisonment for eight months. After starting another school at Magdeburg in 1620, which failed, he became a wanderer. In addition to Augsburg and Köthen, he put his method of instruction into operation in Amsterdam, Basel, Strassburg, Frankfurt, Weimar, and various other places.

His ideas were advanced for his time, but he lacked executive ability, and his personality alienated both assistants and patrons. His influence upon his contemporaries and posterity was much greater than would be supposed from the failure of his own attempts to put his plan in practice. His work was overshadowed by that of the more successful Comenius. He died at Erfurt in 1635.

The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 08 Mar 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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Reference sources
References
https://books.google.com/books?id=EUMqGSbeEXAC&pg=PA550
https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/The_New_International_Encyclop%C3%A6dia/Ratichius,_Wolfgang
https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/The_Encyclopedia_Americana_(1920)/Ratke,_Wolfgang
https://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb12412702f
https://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb12412702f
https://d-nb.info/gnd/118598481
http://isni.org/isni/0000000120226531
https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n86028769
https://aleph.nkp.cz/F/?func=find-c&local_base=aut&ccl_term=ica=xx0134986&CON_LNG=ENG
http://data.bibliotheken.nl/id/thes/p071043357
https://libris.kb.se/auth/210811
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