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Willy Kükenthal

Willy Kükenthal

German zoologist
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro German zoologist
Countries Germany
Occupations Zoologist University teacher
A.K.A. Kükenthal
Gender male
Birth August 4, 1861 (Weißenfels)
Death August 20, 1922 (Berlin)
Family
Siblings: Georg Kükenthal
The details
Biography

Willy Georg Kükenthal (August 4, 1861, Weißenfels – August 20, 1922, Berlin) was a German zoologist. He was the older brother of botanist and theologian Georg Kükenthal (1864–1955). Kükenthal specialized in the Octocorallia and on marine mammals. He edited, along with Thilo Krumbach, a landmark series of eight volumes in the Handbuch der Zoologie series which extensively reviewed and compiled the state of zoological knowledge of the time.

Life

Kükenthal was born to August Kükenthal (1826-1910) and Minna Wimmer (died 1917) and went to school at Weißenfels and Halle before joining the University of Munich where he studied mineralogy and later zoology at Jena, earning his doctorate at the latter institution in 1884 for studying lymphoid cells in annelids. He travelled around the North Sea with B. Weißenborn and joined the zoology department Jena under Ernst Haeckel in 1885. In 1886, with support from the Senckenberg Natural History Society, he participated in an expedition to Borneo and the Moluccas. He specialized in the study of Octocorallia, a taxonomic subclass that includes sea pens, sea fans and soft corals. In 1887 he obtained his habilitation, becoming a professor of phylogeny at Jena two years later. From 1898 he served as professor of comparative anatomy and zoology at the University of Breslau (Wroclaw) and as director of the zoological museum. In 1918 he was appointed professor of zoology at the University of Berlin as well as director of the zoological museum. In 1918-19 he was president of the German Zoological Society.

Route taken in the 1896 expedition.

Kükenthal also traveled to regions in the Arctic in expeditions made in 1889 and travelled again to the Moluccas and Borneo in 1893-94. He also conducted ethnographic studies. His large collection of zoological specimens is now housed at the Senckenberg Museum in Frankfurt.

Kükenthal was principally interested in comparative anatomy and conducted embryological and comparative anatomical investigations of whales and other marine mammals. He was a supporter of Haeckel's biogenetic law. His other area of interest was the systematics of coelenterates and cnidaria. He published the Leitfaden für das Zoologische Praktikum (1898) and from 1913 he edited along with Thilo Krumbach the Handbuch der Zoologie.

He has over twenty zoological species named after him, including Calamorhabdium kuekenthali (Batjan iridescent snake), Emoia kuekenthali (Kuekenthal's emo skink), Hemirhamphodon kuekenthali (Kuekenthal's halfbeak), Parantica kuekenthali (Kuekenthal's yellow tiger), and Lysmata kuekenthali (Kuekenthal's cleaner shrimp).

Kükenthaløya, a small island located between Spitsbergen and Barentsøya is named in his honor.

Selected publications

  • Vergleichend-anatomische und entwickelungsgeschichtliche Untersuchungen an Walthieren, (1889)
  • Forschungsreise in den Molukken und in Borneo : im Auftrage der Senckenbergischen naturforschenden Gesellschaft (1896) - Expedition to the Moluccas and Borneo, on behalf of the Senckenberg Natural History Society.
  • Leitfaden für das Zoologische Praktikum (1898) - Manual of practical zoology.
  • Australien, Ozeanien und Polarländer (1902, 1910; with Wilhelm Sievers in Sievers’ Allgemeinen Länderkunde) - Australia, Oceania and Polar Lands.
  • Pennatularia (1915)
  • Gorgonaria (1919).
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References
http://catalogo.bne.es/uhtbin/authoritybrowse.cgi?action=display&authority_id=XX990598
http://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb12371207m
http://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb12371207m
http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n88638497
http://isni.org/isni/0000000109174283
http://socialarchive.iath.virginia.edu/ark:/99166/w6wr0ffp
http://www.biodidaktik.uni-jena.de/imndipmedia/Publikationen+UH/Hossfeld_Uwe_2004_The_travels_of_Jena_Zoologists_in_the_Indo_Malayan_region_Proceedings_of_the_California_Academy_of_Sciences_55_Suppl__II_7_77_105-p-69.pdf
https://archive.org/search.php?query=((subject:%22K%C3%BCkenthal,%20Willy%22%20OR%20subject:%22Willy%20K%C3%BCkenthal%22%20OR%20creator:%22K%C3%BCkenthal,%20Willy%22%20OR%20creator:%22Willy%20K%C3%BCkenthal%22%20OR%20creator:%22K%C3%BCkenthal,%20W.%22%20OR%20title:%22Willy%20K%C3%BCkenthal%22%20OR%20description:%22K%C3%BCkenthal,%20Willy%22%20OR%20description:%22Willy%20K%C3%BCkenthal%22%20OR%20(Willy+K*kenthal))%20OR%20(%221861-1922%22%20AND%20(%22K%C3%BCkenthal%22%20OR%20Kukenthal)))%20AND%20(-mediatype:software)
https://ci.nii.ac.jp/author/DA07818292?l=en
https://d-nb.info/gnd/116590696
https://viaf.org/viaf/76395787
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