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William Rawley

William Rawley

English chaplain
William Rawley
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro English chaplain
Was Chaplain
From United Kingdom
Type Religion
Gender male
Birth 1588
Death 1667 (aged 79 years)
The details (from wikipedia)

Biography

William Rawley (c. 1588–1667) was the chaplain of several major 17th-century English figures, including the philosopher Francis Bacon, King Charles I, and King Charles II. In this role, he served as Bacon's literary executor, with the standing and means to preserve many of Bacon's papers and see to the posthumous publication of many of his written works.

Literary executor

When Bacon died in 1626, the former Lord Chancellor bequeathed Rawley, who had been his private chaplain, his papers and a large sum of money. Bacon's estate was effectively bankrupt and no cash bequest changed hands, but the deceased philosopher's papers were considered worthless and the creditors allowed Rawley to take them. Rawley continued to admire Bacon's memory, and worked with associates, led by Thomas Meautys, to edit and publish many of the manuscripts. This required serious literary work, as Bacon had left many of his manuscripts incomplete. Baconian works published by Rawley include the English edition of New Atlantis (1628), Bacon's controversial work of utopian magic realism.

Frontispiece to A History of the Royal Society, depicting, in idealized allegory, the role of Sir Francis Bacon (on the right) in the foundation of the Society.

Catherine Drinker Bowen, one of Bacon's biographers, credits her protagonist with inspiring the creation of London's Royal Society, originally conceived as a group of disinterested scientists working under royal patronage and modeled after the scholars of the New Atlantis. Bowen suggests that Rawley's role as defender of Bacon's insights and literary memory helped encourage elite opinion during the reign of Charles II.

The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 04 Jul 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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References
https://archive.org/details/francisbacontemp00bowe_0
https://authority.bibsys.no/authority/rest/authorities/html/6005422
https://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb124149850
https://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb124149850
https://d-nb.info/gnd/128635142
http://isni.org/isni/0000000108722700
https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n84184560
http://uli.nli.org.il/F/?func=direct&doc_number=000464231&local_base=nlx10
http://data.bibliotheken.nl/id/thes/p073137464
https://www.idref.fr/03326631X
https://trove.nla.gov.au/people/954741
https://viaf.org/viaf/14859764
https://www.worldcat.org/identities/lccn-n84184560
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