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William, Duke of Brunswick

William, Duke of Brunswick Duke of Brunswick

Duke of Brunswick
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro Duke of Brunswick
A.K.A. August Ludwig Wilhelm Maximilian Friedrich Herzog von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel
Was Military personnel
From Germany
Type Military
Gender male
Birth 25 April 1806, Brunswick, Germany
Death 18 October 1884, Szczodre, Poland (aged 78 years)
Star sign TaurusTaurus
Family
Mother: Princess Marie of Baden (1782–1808)
Father: Frederick William, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Siblings: Charles II, Duke of Brunswick
The details
Biography

William, Duke of Brunswick (German: Wilhelm August Ludwig Maximilian Friedrich; 25 April 1806 – 18 October 1884), was ruling duke of the Duchy of Brunswick from 1830 until his death.

William was the second son of Frederick William, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, and after the death of his father in 1815, was under the guardianship of King George IV of the United Kingdom. He became a Prussian major in 1823. When his brother, Charles, was deposed as ruling duke by a rebellion in 1830, William took over the government provisionally. In 1831, a family law of the House of Guelph made William the ruling duke permanently. William left most government business to his ministers, and he spent most of his time outside of his state at his possessions in Oels.

While William joined the Prussian-led North German Confederation in 1866, his relationship to Prussia was strained, since Prussia refused to recognize Ernest Augustus, Crown Prince of Hanover, his nearest male-line relative, as his heir, because of the Duke of Cumberland's claim to the throne of Hanover. William died in 1884; he passed on his private possessions to the Duke of Cumberland. His death caused a constitutional crisis for Brunswick that lasted until the accession of Ernest Augustus, Duke of Brunswick, the son of the Crown Prince of Hanover, in 1913.

William died unmarried, but had a number of illegitimate children.

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Reference sources
References
http://susi.e-technik.uni-ulm.de:8080/Meyers2/seite/werk/meyers/band/16/seite/0637/meyers_b16_s0637.html
https://d-nb.info/gnd/120746921
http://isni.org/isni/0000000381682287
https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/nb2002100111
https://aleph.nkp.cz/F/?func=find-c&local_base=aut&ccl_term=ica=xx0149274&CON_LNG=ENG
https://viaf.org/viaf/261873528
https://www.worldcat.org/identities/containsVIAFID/261873528
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