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Wilhelm Peters

Wilhelm Peters German naturalist and explorer

German naturalist and explorer
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro German naturalist and explorer
A.K.A. Wilhelm Karl Hartwich Peters, Peters
Countries Germany
Occupations Zoologist Scientist Biologist Explorer Herpetologist Educator
Type Academia Biology Science
Gender male
Birth 22 April 1815 (Koldenbüttel)
Death 20 April 1883 (Berlin)
The details
Biography

Wilhelm Karl Hartwich (or Hartwig) Peters (April 22, 1815 in Koldenbüttel – April 20, 1883) was a German naturalist and explorer.
He was assistant to the anatomist Johannes Peter Müller and later became curator of the Berlin Zoological Museum. Encouraged by Müller and the explorer Alexander von Humboldt, Peters travelled to Mozambique via Angola in September 1842, exploring the coastal region and the Zambesi River. He returned to Berlin with an enormous collection of natural history specimens, which he then described in Naturwissenschaftliche Reise nach Mossambique... in den Jahren 1842 bis 1848 ausgeführt (1852–82). The work was comprehensive in its coverage, dealing with mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, river fish, insects and botany. He replaced Martin Lichtenstein as curator of the museum in 1858, and in the same year he was elected a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. In a few years time he greatly increased the Berlin Museum's herpetological collection to a size comparable to those of Paris and London. Herpetology was Peters' main interest and he described 122 new genera and 649 species from around the world.

Eponyms

Wilhelm Peters is commemorated in the scientific names of several species of reptiles, including Amphiesma petersii, Anolis petersii, Geophis petersii, Leposternon petersi, Morenia petersi, Riama petrorum, and Tracheloptychus petersi.

Author abbreviation

Sometimes W. Peters is used to prevent confusion with herpetologists Günther Peters and James A. Peters.

Works

  • Naturwissenschaftliche Reise nach Mossambique. Band 1: Zoologie / Säugethiere . Reimer, Berlin 1852 Digital edition by the University and State Library Düsseldorf
  • Naturwissenschaftliche Reise nach Mossambique. Band 2: Zoologie / Vögel . Reimer, Berlin [1883] Digital edition by the University and State Library Düsseldorf
  • Naturwissenschaftliche Reise nach Mossambique. Band 3: Zoologie / Amphibien . Reimer, Berlin 1882 Digital edition by the University and State Library Düsseldorf
  • Naturwissenschaftliche Reise nach Mossambique. Band 4: Zoologie / Flußfische . Reimer, Berlin 1868 Digital edition by the University and State Library Düsseldorf
  • Naturwissenschaftliche Reise nach Mossambique. Band 5: Zoologie / Insecten und Myriopoden . Reimer, Berlin 1862 Digital edition by the University and State Library Düsseldorf
  • Naturwissenschaftliche Reise nach Mossambique. Botanik Abth. 1 . Reimer, Berlin 1862 Digital edition by the University and State Library Düsseldorf
  • Naturwissenschaftliche Reise nach Mossambique. Botanik Abth. 2 . Reimer, Berlin 1864 Digital edition by the University and State Library Düsseldorf

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