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Wilhelm Harster

Wilhelm Harster German general

German general
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro German general
Was Jurist
From Germany
Type Law
Gender male
Birth 21 July 1904, Kelheim, Germany
Death 25 December 1991, Munich, Germany (aged 87 years)
Star sign CancerCancer
Politics Nazi Party
Wilhelm Harster
The details
Biography

Wilhelm Harster (b 21 July 1904 – 25 December 1991) was a high-ranking member in the SS and a Holocaust perpetrator during the Nazi era. He was twice convicted for his crimes by the Netherlands and later by West Germany. He had been employed by the government of Bavaria as a civil servant and was let go with a full pension after a public outcry.

Education and early career

Harster graduated from University of Munich with a degree in 1927. Before the war, Harster was reservist with the Reichswehr, joining in 1920. In 1929 he joined the Kriminalpolizei (Criminal Police). He joined the Nazi Party on 1 May 1933, holding the party number of 3,226,954.

SS service

He joined the SS on 9 November 1933 with the serial number of 225,932. He joined the Sicherheitsdienst or SD on 29 October 1935 and eventually obtained the rank of Gruppenführer. He was also recalled to service in the Wehrmacht, serving in July 1940 as a member of a machinegun company. From 19 July 1940 until 29 August 1943, he was the commander of the Security Police and SD in the occupation of the Netherlands, where many of his war crimes occurred. He was implicated in the deaths of 104,000 Jews in the Holocaust, including Anne Frank. After his role in the occupation of the Netherlands, he was moved to Italy as the commander of the SD (Bolzano Transit Camp) there under Karl Wolff from 29 August 1943 until his capture.

Criminal convictions

Harster was arrested by the British Army where he was transferred to the Netherlands and tried for war crimes. In 1949, he was convicted and sentenced to 12 years for his role in the deportation and murder of Dutch Jews. He was released in 1953.

Upon release, he again became a civil servant in Bavaria, until he was retired due to public and media pressure in 1963. He kept his full pension. In 1967 he was tried alongside his two closest aides Wilhelm Zoepf and Gertrud Slottke and sentenced to an additional 15 years in jail for deportation of Jews to Auschwitz and Sobibor concentration camps. He was given credit for time served and was pardoned in 1969. His doctorate was officially removed from him. Harster died in 1991.

Sources

"SS-Gruppenführer und Generalleutnant der Polizei Dr. jur. Wilhelm Harster". ISLAND FARM SPECIAL CAMP: XI POWS HELD AT BRIDGEND. Brett Exton. Retrieved 2008-10-07.

Richard Breitman (April 2001). "Historical Analysis of 20 Name Files from CIA Records". The National Archives, The Interagency Working Group. Retrieved 2008-10-07.

Christian Ritz, Schreibtischtäter vor Gericht. Das Verfahren vor dem Münchner Landgericht wegen der Deportation der niederländischen Juden (1959-1967). Paderborn: Ferdinand Schöningh, 2012; 257 p.

The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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Reference sources
References
http://www.powcamp.fsnet.co.uk/SS-Gruppenf%FChrer_und_Generalleutnant_der_Polizei_Dr_jur_Wilhelm_Harster.htm
https://www.archives.gov/iwg/declassified-records/rg-263-cia-records/rg-263-report.html
https://d-nb.info/gnd/123636035
http://isni.org/isni/0000000078682364
https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/nb2006024635
http://uli.nli.org.il/F/?func=direct&doc_number=004768732&local_base=nlx10
http://data.bibliotheken.nl/id/thes/p13874811X
https://viaf.org/viaf/45213767
https://www.worldcat.org/identities/lccn-nb2006024635
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