Wang Yuanlu (Traditional Chinese: 王圓籙; Simplified Chinese: 王圆箓; pinyin: Wáng Yuánlù) (c. 1849 – 1931) was a Taoist priest and abbot of the Mogao Caves at Dunhuang during the early 20th century. He is credited with the discovery of the Dunhuang manuscripts. He engaged in the restoration of the site which he funded with the sale of numerous manuscripts to Western and Japanese explorers.
Wang was born in around 1849.
He was a self-appointed caretaker of the Dunhuang cave complex and a self-styled Taoist priest.
He died in 1931.
Involvement with Dunhuang manuscripts
When engaging in an amateur restoration of statues and paintings in what is now known as Cave 16, Wang noticed a hidden door which opened into another cave, later named Cave 17 or the "Library Cave". Therein he found the as yet undiscovered cache of thousands of ancient manuscripts, many of which related to early Chinese Buddhism.
He first spoke of the manuscripts to the local officials, in an attempt to gain funding for their conservation. The officials ordered to reseal the cave, in preparation for their transportation, preservation and study. He would also later sell numerous manuscripts to archaeologist Aurel Stein, who took a largely random selection of the works. Later Paul Pelliot would come to purchase what may be considered the most valuable among them. Because of his involvement in the discovery and sale of the Dunhuang manuscripts to Westerners for a fraction of their value (₤220 in 1907), Wang is both "revered and reviled".
- Heimovics, Dick (1999). Connecting and Disconnections on the Silk Road
- Hopkirk, Peter (1980). Foreign Devils on the Silk Road: The Search for the Lost Cities and Treasures of Chinese Central Asia. Amherst: The University of Massachusetts Press. ISBN 0-87023-435-8.
- Mair, Victor H. (ed.) 2001. The Columbia History of Chinese Literature. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-231-10984-9. (Amazon Kindle edition.)