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Walter Mehring

Walter Mehring German writer

German writer
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro German writer
A.K.A. Вальтер Меринг
Was Poet Writer
From Germany
Type Literature
Gender male
Birth 29 April 1896, Berlin, Margraviate of Brandenburg
Death 6 October 1981, Zürich, Switzerland (aged 85 years)
Star sign TaurusTaurus
The details
Biography

Walter Mehring (29 April 1896 – 3 October 1981) was a German author and one of the most prominent satirical authors in the Weimar Republic. He was banned during the Third Reich, and fled the country.

Early life

He was the son of the translator and writer Sigmar Mehring. His literary career began with the Sturm and Berliner Dada movements.

Early writings

From the 1920s, he published lyric poetry and satirical prose in various magazines and newspapers such as the famous Weltbühne or Das Tage-Buch [de]. He fought against militarism and antisemitism and considered himself an anarchist. He also wrote songs for some of the best cabarets in Berlin: Max Reinhardt's Schall und Rauch [de], Rosa Valetti's Café Größenwahn and for Trude Hesterberg's Wilde Bühne [de]. Artists like George Grosz became close friends. From 1921 to 1928, he lived and worked in Paris.

Persecution

He was persecuted by the Nazis, particularly by Joseph Goebbels, and consequently fled the country. On 10 May 1933 his books were burnt during the Nazi book burnings.

Mehring emigrated to Vienna, where he met the actress and writer Hertha Pauli. She was his companion during his escape from the Nazis through France. He dedicated his "Briefe zur Mitternacht" to her. The period spent in France he also described in No Road Back. When the Nazis occupied France, he was briefly imprisoned in an internment camp. He managed to escape and, together with Hertha Pauli, he wandered around France, meeting many other people on the run from the Nazis: Franz Werfel, Alma Mahler-Werfel, Heinrich Mann, Leonhard Frank, Emil Gumbel. In Marseilles they met Varian Fry (Emergency Rescue Committee), who helped them to escape.

Exile

He emigrated to the United States. With the aid of the European Film Fund he got employment with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. He also wrote articles for Aufbau and became a naturalized US citizen, but never really managed to settle in the United States and returned to Europe after the war.

In Europe. he was unable to replicate his earlier successes. In 1981 he died in Zurich.

Selected works

  • The lost library: The autobiography of a culture. Secker & Warburg, 1951.
  • Timoshenko,: Marshal of the Red army. A. Unger, 1942.
  • No road back. S. Curl, 1944.

Critics

Literature

  • Allen, Roy F.: Literary Life in German Expressionism and the Berlin Circles. UMI Research Press, 1983.
  • Thomson, Philip John: The Grotesque in German Poetry, 1880-1933. Hawthorn Press, 1975.
  • Spalek, John M./Bell, Robert F.: Exile, the Writer's Experience, University of North Carolina Press, 1982.
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Reference sources
References
https://deepl.com
https://translate.google.com/
https://www.imdb.com/name/nm0576520/
https://www.nytimes.com/1981/10/06/obituaries/walter-mehring-85-writer-his-sarcasm-enraged-nazis.html
https://authority.bibsys.no/authority/rest/authorities/html/90057121
https://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb11915449q
https://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb11915449q
https://ci.nii.ac.jp/author/DA04232799?l=en
https://d-nb.info/gnd/118579983
https://hls-dhs-dss.ch/fr/articles/012100
http://isni.org/isni/0000000108814293
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