|A.K.A.||Lauritz Vilhelm Pacht|
|Birth||23 November 1843, Copenhagen, Capital Region of Denmark, Denmark, Kingdom of Denmark|
|Death||20 May 1912, Holte, Rudersdal Municipality, Capital Region of Denmark, Denmark (aged 68 years)|
Lauritz Vilhelm Pacht (23 November 1843, Copenhagen – 20 May 1912, Holte) was a Danish genre painter, industrialist and philanthropist.
His father was a cap maker. After his confirmation, he began to learn printing, but was later apprenticed to a marble chipper. While taking classes at the Copenhagen Technical College, his drawings attracted the attention of G.F. Hetsch, who advised him to take up porcelain painting. After completing his courses, he was given a position at the Royal Porcelain Factory, which he held from 1862 to 1867.
Beginning in 1861, he also attended classes at the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts; passing his final exam in 1866. He began to have showings at the Charlottenborg Spring Exhibition and, in 1869, was awarded the Neuhausenske Prize.
For several years, he worked to perfect a method to improve the reproduction of drawings by printing press. In 1872, he received a patent for his processes and set up a workshop for what he called the "Heliotype" (a process similar to hectography). Later, he also produced phototypes. In 1880, he joined with the photographer, Hilmar Crone, to create "Pacht & Crones Illustrationsetablissement". Crone left the company in 1885 and was replaced by the drawing teacher, Giovannino von Huth. That same year, Pacht started the "Skandinavisk Panoptikon", a combination wax museum and cabinet of curiosities.
In 1887, he opened a factory that produced intaglio ink and paint tubes. In 1890, the company went public as an aktieselskab called the "Danske Bogtrykkeres Farvefabrik", but he continued as General Manager. In 1896, he presented the first moving pictures in Denmark in a wooden structure called the "Panorama" at the square in front of Copenhagen's city hall. His building and equipment were lost to a suspicious fire, but he soon re-established his shows (renamed the "Kineoptikon") at his Panoptikon.
His activities made him a wealthy man, but also ensured that his output as a painter was rather small. Just before his death in 1912, he and his second wife, Oline, created the "Vilhelm Pachts Kunstnerboligs Legat" (Artist-Dwelling Legacy), which turned his mansion, "Pachts Bo", into housing for indigent artists.