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Viktor Schütze

Viktor Schütze

German World War II U-boat commander
The basics
Quick Facts
Occupations Korvettenkapitän Submariner
Countries Germany
Gender male
Birth February 16, 1906 (Kiel)
Death September 23, 1950 (Frankfurt)
The details
Biography

Viktor Hermann Otto Ludwig Paul Ferdinand Schütze (16 February 1906 – 23 September 1950), was a Kriegsmarine U-boat ace, sinking a total of 35 allied ships totalling 180,053 gross register tons (GRT) during the Second World War. He is in fifth place among top-scoring U-boat aces. He was also a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub). The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.

Biography

Schütze was born in Flensburg, and started his naval career in the Reichsmarine aboard German torpedo boats in April 1925, before transferring to the new U-boat division ten years later in October 1935. There he commanded U-19 for two years, before being relieved to take destroyer training - before returning to the U-boat arm in command of U-11. When war broke out he commanded U-25, with which he sailed on three patrols, mainly in the Bay of Biscay and off the Portuguese coast.

In July 1940 he assumed command over the Type IXB U-103, and commanded for four patrols in North Atlantic and African waters. In December he received the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross for his successes. In August 1941 he retired from front service, taking up positions as Flottillenchef of 2nd U-boat Flotilla. In March 1943 he became the FdU Ausbildungsflottillen (Commander of the training flotillas in the Baltic Sea) in Flensburg-Kappeln, in which position he served until the end of the war.

He died in Frankfurt am Main in 1950.

Summary of career

Ships attacked

As commander of U-25 and U-103 Schütze is credited with the sinking of 35 ships for a total of 180,073 gross register tons (GRT), further damaging two ships of 14,213 GRT.

Date U-boat Name of Ship Nationality Tonnage Fate
31 October 1939 U-25 Baoulé  France 5,874 Sunk
17 January 1940 U-25 Enid  Norway 1,140 Sunk
17 January 1940 U-25 Polzella  United Kingdom 4,751 Sunk
18 January 1940 U-25 Pajala  Sweden 6,873 Sunk
22 January 1940 U-25 Songa  Norway 2,589 Sunk
3 February 1940 U-25 Armanistan  United Kingdom 6,805 Sunk
13 February 1940 U-25 Chastine Mærsk  Denmark 5,177 Sunk
6 October 1940 U-103 Nina Borthen  Norway 6,123 Sunk
9 October 1940 U-103 Delphin  Greece 3,816 Sunk
9 October 1940 U-103 Graigwen  United Kingdom 3,697 Damaged
9 October 1940 U-103 Zannes Gounaris  Greece 4,407 Sunk
13 October 1940 U-103 Nora  Estonia 1,186 Sunk
15 October 1940 U-103 Thislegarth  United Kingdom 4,747 Sunk
21 November 1940 U-103 Daydawn  United Kingdom 4,768 Sunk
21 November 1940 U-103 Victoria  Greece 6,085 Sunk
27 November 1940 U-103 Glenmoor  United Kingdom 4,393 Sunk
28 November 1940 U-103 Mount Athos  Greece 3,578 Sunk
28 November 1940 U-103 St. Elwyn  United Kingdom 4,940 Sunk
8 December 1940 U-103 Calabria  United Kingdom 5,186 Sunk
13 February 1941 U-103 Arthur F. Corwin  United Kingdom 10,516 Damaged
17 February 1941 U-103 Edwy R. Brown  United Kingdom 10,455 Sunk
18 February 1941 U-103 Seaforth  United Kingdom 5,459 Sunk
19 February 1941 U-103 Benjamin Franklin  Norway 7,034 Sunk
25 April 1941 U-103 Polyana  Norway 2,267 Sunk
1 May 1941 U-103 Samsø  United Kingdom 1,494 Sunk
3 May 1941 U-103 Wray Castle  United Kingdom 4,253 Sunk
6 May 1941 U-103 Dunkwa  United Kingdom 4,752 Sunk
6 May 1941 U-103 Surat  United Kingdom 5,529 Sunk
9 May 1941 U-103 City of Winchester  United Kingdom 7,120 Sunk
11 May 1941 U-103 City of Shanghai  United Kingdom 5,828 Sunk
22 May 1941 U-103 British Grenadier  United Kingdom 6,857 Sunk
25 May 1941 U-103 Radames  Egypt 3,575 Sunk
25 May 1941 U-103 Wangi Wangi  Netherlands 7,789 Sunk
8 June 1941 U-103 Elmdene  United Kingdom 4,853 Sunk
29 June 1941 U-103 Erani  Italy 6,619 Sunk

Awards

  • Spanisches Marineverdienstkreuz in Weiß (21 August 1939)
  • Iron Cross (1939)
    • 2nd Class (13 November 1939)
    • 1st Class (21 February 1940)
  • Italienisches Kriegskreuz mit Schwertern (1 November 1941)
  • Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves
    • Knight's Cross on 11 December 1940 as Korvettenkapitän and commander of U-103
    • 23rd Oak Leaves on 14 July 1941 as Korvettenkapitän and commander of U-103
  • War Merit Cross
    • 2nd Class (30 January 1944)
    • 1st Class (1 September 1944)
  • Mentioned four times in the Wehrmachtbericht on 4 December 1940, 10 December 1940, 27 May 1941 and 13 July 1941

Promotions

16 November 1925: Seekadett (Midshipman)
1 April 1927: Fähnrich zur See (Officer Cadet)
1 June 1928: Oberfähnrich zur See (Senior Ensign)
1 October 1929: Leutnant zur See (Second Lieutenant)
1 July 1931: Oberleutnant zur See (First Lieutenant)
1 October 1935: Kapitänleutnant (Captain Lieutenant)
1 February 1940: Korvettenkapitän (Corvette Captain), effective as of 1 February 1940 with a rank age date on 1 August 1939
1 March 1943: Fregattenkapitän (Frigate Captain)
1 March 1944: Kapitän zur See (Captain at Sea)

The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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