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Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy

Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy

Duke of savoy
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro Duke of savoy
Gender male
Birth April 8, 1587 (Turin, Province of Turin, Piedmont, Italy)
Death October 7, 1637 (Vercelli, Province of Vercelli, Piedmont, Italy)
Family
Mother: Infanta Catherine Michelle of Spain
Father: Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy
Siblings: Thomas FrancisPrince of CarignanoPrince Maurice of SavoyEmanuel Filibert of SavoyIsabella of SavoyMargaret of SavoyVicereine of Portugal
Spouse: Christine of France
Children: Princess Luisa Cristina of SavoyFrancis Hyacinth, Duke of SavoyCharles Emmanuel II, Duke of SavoyPrincess Margaret Yolande of SavoyPrincess Henriette Adelaide of SavoyPrincess Catherine Beatrice of Savoy
The details
Biography

Victor Amadeus I (Italian: Vittorio Amedeo I di Savoia; 8 May 1587 – 7 October 1637) was the Duke of Savoy from 1630 to 1637. He was also known as the Lion of Susa.

Biography

Engraving of Victor Amadeus I

He was born in Turin, Piedmont to Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy and Catherine Micaela of Spain, daughter of King Philip II of Spain. He spent much of his childhood in Madrid at the court of his grandfather Philip II. He stayed there until the king's death in 1598, when Victor Amadeus was eleven. When his brother, Filippo Emanuele, died in 1605, he became heir-apparent to the Duchy of Savoy and received the homage of the court at Racconigi on 21 January 1607.

Coat of Arms of the Dukes of Savoy after Victor Amadeus I.

Victor Amadeus became Duke of Savoy after his father's death in 1630. Charles Emmanuel's policies had brought a great instability in the relationships with both France and Spain, and troops were needed to defend the Duchy. As money was lacking to recruit mercenaries or train indigenous soldiers, Victor Amadeus signed a peace treaty with Spain.

With the Treaty of Cherasco, Savoy was forced to give Pinerolo to France. This gave France a strategic route into the heart of Savoy territory and on into the rest of Italy. The rulers of Savoy from that point resented this loss, and worked for decades with the goal of regaining that loss. Subsequently, under the direction of Cardinal Richelieu, Victor Amadeus attempted to create an anti-Spanish league in Italy. He achieved two victories against the Spanish: In 1636 in the Battle of Tornavento and on 8 September 1637 in the Battle of Mombaldone.

Death

On 25 September 1637, Victor Amadeus fell ill after a dinner offered by the Duke of Créqui. He was carried to Vercelli, where he died on 7 October, aged 50.

Marriage and issue

In 1619, he married Christine Marie of France (1606–1663), a daughter of Henry IV of France and Marie de' Medici. Following his death, she served as regent of the Duchy from 1637 to 1663. They had children including:

Ancestry

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References
http://catalogo.bne.es/uhtbin/authoritybrowse.cgi?action=display&authority_id=XX1071339
http://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb134950726
http://www.treccani.it/enciclopedia/vittorio-amedeo-i-duca-di-savoia
http://isni.org/isni/0000000055597829
https://www.getty.edu/vow/ULANFullDisplay?find=&role=&nation=&subjectid=500372634
https://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb134950726
https://www.idref.fr/081162340
https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/nr93048308
https://d-nb.info/gnd/135979773
https://viaf.org/viaf/76193579
https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Q356145
Biography Death Marriage and issue Ancestry
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