Valérie Pécresse (French pronunciation: [valeʁi peˈkʁɛs]; born 14 July 1967 in Neuilly-sur-Seine, Hauts-de-Seine) is a French politician. She has been deputy of the Yvelines since 16 May 2002, Minister for Higher Education and Research from 18 May 2007 to June 2011 and Minister of the Budget from then until May 2012. She was also the Government's spokeswoman.
Pécresse is the daughter of Dominique Roux (CEO of Bolloré telecom since January 2007).
Pécresse has degrees from HEC Paris and ÉNA. She was an auditor of the Conseil d'État until 1998, when she was designated Counselor of the President of the French Republic. She speaks French, English, Russian and Japanese.
In June 2002, she was elected deputy of the Yvelines' second constituency. She was also elected regional counselor of Île-de-France in 2004. Pécresse was a national spokeswoman of the UMP, and spokeswoman of the party in the Yvelines.
On 18 May 2007, she was designated Minister of Higher Education and Research of François Fillon's second cabinet.
There, she has launched many reforms which have caused a great wave of strikes.
In 2009, the Académie de la Carpette anglaise, an organization that opposes the spread of the English language in Francophone countries, gave Pécresse the Prix de la Carpette Anglaise ("English Doormat Prize") for having refused to speak French at international meetings in Brussels, Belgium; Pécresse had stated that English was the easiest means of communication.
After the defeat of Nicolas Sarkozy in the French presidential election of 2012, Pécresse remains a key member of the Union for a Popular Movement (UMP in French).
In 2016 Republican presidential primary she endorsed former prime minister Alain Juppe.
Government's spokeswoman : 2011-2012.
Ministre of Budget, Public accounts and State reform : 2011-2012.
Minister of Higher Education and Research : 2007-2011.
National Assembly of France
Member of the National Assembly of France for Yvelines (2nd constituency) : 2002–2007 (Became minister in 2007). Elected in 2002, reelected in 2007.
Regional councillor of Île-de-France : Since 2004. Reelected in 2010.