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Valerie Harper

Valerie Harper

American actress
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro American actress
A.K.A. Valerie Kathryn Harper
Known for Her role as Rhoda on The Mary Tyler Moore Show
Countries United States of America France
Occupations Actor Writer Stage actor Television actor Film actor
Gender female
Birth 22 August 1939 (Suffern)
Star sign Leo
Family
Spouse: Richard Schaal
Stats
Height: 1.6764 m
Valerie Harper
The details
Biography

Valerie Kathryn Harper (August 22, 1939 – August 30, 2019) was an American actress. She began her career as a dancer on Broadway, making her debut in the musical Take Me Along in 1959. Harper is best remembered for her role as Rhoda Morgenstern on The Mary Tyler Moore Show and its spin-off Rhoda in the 1970s. For her work on Mary Tyler Moore, she thrice received the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Comedy Series, and later received the award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Comedy Series for her work on Rhoda.

From 1986 to 1987, Harper appeared as Valerie Hogan on the sitcom Valerie. Her most notable film appearances include roles in Freebie and the Bean (1974) and Chapter Two (1979), both of which garnered her Golden Globe Award nominations. Harper returned to stage work in her later career, appearing in several Broadway productions. In 2010, she was nominated for the Tony Award for Best Actress in a Play for her performance as Tallulah Bankhead in the play Looped.

Early life

Harper was born on August 22, 1939 in Suffern, New York, the daughter of Iva Mildred (née McConnell; 1910–1988) and Howard Donald Harper (1907–1981). Her father was a lighting salesman, and her mother was born in Canada and trained as a nurse. She was the middle child of three siblings. She had an older sister, Leah; a younger brother, Merrill (who later took the name "Don") and a half-sister, Virginia, from her father's second marriage.

She stated that her parents were expecting a boy and after her arrival, her first and middle names derived from that year's women's doubles tennis champions, Valerie Scott and Kay Stammers. She was of French, English, Irish, Scottish, and Welsh ancestry. Harper based her character Rhoda Morgenstern on her Italian stepmother, Angela Posillico, and Penny Ann Green (née Joanna Greenberg), with whom she danced in the Broadway musical Wildcat. She was raised Catholic, although at an early age she "quit" the church.

Her family moved every two years due to her father's work. Harper attended schools in South Orange, New Jersey; Pasadena, California; Monroe, Michigan; Ashland, Oregon; and Jersey City, New Jersey. When her family returned to Oregon, Harper remained in the New York City area to study ballet. She attended Lincoln High School in Jersey City, graduating from the private Young Professionals School on West 56th Street, where classmates included Sal Mineo, Tuesday Weld, and Carol Lynley.

Career

Broadway dancer and improv

Harper began her show business career as a dancer and chorus girl on Broadway, and went on to perform in several Broadway shows, some choreographed by Michael Kidd, including Wildcat (starring Lucille Ball), Take Me Along (starring Jackie Gleason), and Subways Are For Sleeping. In-between she was also cast in Destry Rides Again but was forced to leave rehearsals due to illness. Her roommate, actress Arlene Golonka, introduced her to Second City improvisation theater and to improv performer Dick Schaal, whom Harper later married in 1965. Harper was stepmother to Schaal's daughter, Wendy, an actress. They lived in Greenwich Village. She returned to Broadway in February 2010, playing Tallulah Bankhead in Matthew Lombardo's Looped at the Lyceum Theatre.

Harper appeared in a bit part in the film version of Li'l Abner (1959), playing a Yokumberry Tonic wife. She broke into television on an episode of the soap opera The Doctors ("Zip Guns can Kill"). She was an extra in Love with the Proper Stranger. She was in the ensemble cast of Paul Sills' Story Theatre and toured with Second City along with Schaal, Linda Lavin and others, later appearing in sketches on Playboy After Dark. Harper performed several characters in a comedy LP, When You're in Love the Whole World is Jewish, which included the popular novelty single, The Ballad of Irving, a recitation by TV announcer Frank Gallop. Harper and Schaal moved to Los Angeles in 1968, and co-wrote an episode of Love, American Style.

Television

Valerie Harper
Harper with Mary Tyler Moore and Cloris Leachman in final episode of The Mary Tyler Moore Show (1977)

While doing theater in Los Angeles in 1970, Harper was spotted by casting agent Ethel Winant, who called her in to audition for the role of Rhoda Morgenstern on The Mary Tyler Moore Show. She co-starred from 1970–1974 and then starred in the spin-off series, Rhoda (CBS 1974–1978) in which her character returned to New York City.

She won four Emmy Awards and a Golden Globe Award for her work as Rhoda Morgenstern throughout this period. In 2000, Harper reunited with Moore in Mary and Rhoda, a TV movie that brought their characters together again in later life. The first season of Rhoda was released on DVD on April 21, 2009, by Shout! Factory.

She was nominated for a Golden Globe for "New Star of the Year" for her role in Freebie and The Bean (1974). Harper was a guest star on The Muppet Show in 1976, its first season.

Valerie Harper
Harper in 1996

Harper returned to situation comedy in 1986 when she played family matriarch Valerie Hogan on the NBC series Valerie. Following a salary dispute with NBC and production company Lorimar in 1987, Harper was fired from the series at the end of its second season. Harper sued NBC and Lorimar for breach of contract. Her claims against NBC were dismissed, but the jury found that Lorimar had wrongfully fired her and awarded her $1.4 million plus 12.5 percent of the show's profits. The series continued without her with the explanation that her character had died off-screen. In 1987, it was initially renamed Valerie's Family and then The Hogan Family, as Harper was replaced by actress Sandy Duncan, who played her sister-in-law Sandy Hogan. NBC canceled The Hogan Family in 1990, but CBS picked up the series for a final season.

Harper appeared in various television movies, including a performance as Maggie in a production of the Michael Cristofer play The Shadow Box, directed by Paul Newman, and in guest roles on such series as Melrose Place (1998) and Sex and the City (1999).

Later career

Valerie Harper
Harper at 2010 The Heart Truth

Harper was a member of the Screen Actors Guild (SAG) and ran for president in the 2001 election, losing to Melissa Gilbert. She served on the Hollywood Board of Directors of SAG.

In 2005 through 2006, Harper portrayed Golda Meir in a United States National tour of the one-woman drama Golda's Balcony. A film of this production was released in 2007.

She played Tallulah Bankhead in the world-premiere production of Matthew Lombardo's Looped at the Pasadena Playhouse from June 27 to August 3, 2008. The production moved to Arena Stage in Washington, D.C., in 2009. It then briefly ran on Broadway at the Lyceum Theatre, from February 2010 (previews) through April 2010, for which she received a Tony Award nomination. Harper was to continue in the role on a national tour beginning January 2013, but withdrew from the production due to her health.

She played Claire Bremmer, aunt of Susan Delfino (Teri Hatcher), on ABC's Desperate Housewives in 2011.

On September 4, 2013, Harper was announced as a contestant for the 17th season of Dancing with the Stars. She was partnered with professional dancer Tristan MacManus. Harper and MacManus were voted off the show on October 7, 2013.

Harper appeared as the character Wanda, on the American comedy web television series Liza on Demand, in the July 11, 2018 episode: "Valentine's Day".

Activism and charity work

In the 1970s/80s, Harper was involved in the Women's Liberation Movement and was an advocate of the Equal Rights Amendment. With Dennis Weaver she co-founded L.I.F.E. in 1983, a charity that fed thousands of needy in Los Angeles.

Personal life

Harper married actor Richard Schaal in 1964. They divorced in 1978. Harper married Tony Cacciotti in 1987. The couple shortly afterward adopted a daughter.

Illness and death

In 2009, Harper was diagnosed with lung cancer. She announced on March 6, 2013, that tests from a January hospital stay revealed she had leptomeningeal carcinomatosis, a rare condition in which cancer cells spread into the meninges, the membranes surrounding the brain. She said her doctors had given her as little as three months life expectancy. Although the disease was reported to be incurable, her doctors said they were treating her with chemotherapy in an effort to slow its progress. In April 2014, Harper said she was responding well to the treatment. On July 30, 2015, Harper was hospitalized in Maine after falling unconscious, and taken via medevac to a larger hospital for further treatment. She was later discharged.

In 2016, Harper continued battling cancer with treatment at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center but was well enough to appear in a short film, My Mom and the Girl, based on the experiences of director/writer Susie Singer Carter, whose mother has Alzheimer’s. In September 2017, she made this comment: "People are saying, 'She’s on her way to death and quickly'. Now it’s five years instead of three months ... I’m going to fight this. I’m going to see a way." At the time, Harper was developing a television series with Carter. By July 2019, Harper was on a regimen of "a multitude of medications and chemotherapy drugs" and was experiencing "extreme physical and painful challenges" that require "around the clock, 24/7 care."

Harper died on the morning of August 30, 2019, in Los Angeles, 8 days after her 80th birthday.

Filmography

Films

Year Title Role Notes
1956 Rock, Rock, Rock! Dancer at Prom (uncredited)
1959 Li'l Abner Luke's Wife (uncredited)
1963 Trash Program Wife (voice, uncredited) Short film
1969 With a Feminine Touch
1973 The Shape of Things Herself Television movie
1974 Thursday's Game Ann Menzente Television movie
1974 Freebie and the Bean Consuelo Nominated—Golden Globe Award for New Star of the Year – Actress
1977 Night Terror Carol Turner Television movie
1979 Chapter Two Faye Medwick Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture
1980 The Last Married Couple in America Barbara
1980 Fun and Games Carol Hefferman Television movie
1980 The Shadow Box Maggie Television movie
1981 The Day the Loving Stopped Norma Danner Television movie
1982 Farrell for the People Elizabeth "Liz" Farrell Television movie
1982 Don't Go to Sleep Laura Television movie
1983 An Invasion of Privacy Kate Bianchi Television movie
1984 Blame It on Rio Karen Hollis
1985 The Execution Hannah Epstein Television movie
1987 Strange Voices Lynn Glover Television movie
1988 Drop-Out Mother Nora Cromwell Television movie
1988 The People Across the Lake Rachel Yoman Television movie
1990 Stolen: One Husband Katherine Slade Television movie
1991 Perry Mason: The Case of the Fatal Fashion Dyan Draper Television movie
1993 The Poetry Hall of Fame Herself Television movie
1994 A Friend to Die For Mrs. Delvecchio Television movie
1995 The Great Mom Swap Grace Venessi Television movie
1997 Dog's Best Friend Chicken (voice) Television movie
2000 Mary and Rhoda Rhoda Morgenstern-Rousseau Television movie
2002 Dancing at the Harvest Moon Claire Television movie
2007 Golda's Balcony Golda Meir
2011 Shiver Audrey Alden
2011 My Future Boyfriend Bobbi Moreau Television movie
2011 Fixing Pete Mrs. Friedlander Television movie
2011 Certainty Kathryn
2014 The Town That Came A-Courtin' Charlotte Television movie
2015 Merry Xmas Mother 7-minute short
2016 My Mom and the Girl Norma/Nanny 22-minute short
2016 Stars in Shorts: No Ordinary Love Mother Merry Xmas segment

Television

Year Title Role Notes
1970–1977 The Mary Tyler Moore Show Rhoda Morgenstern 92 episodes
Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Comedy Series (1971–73)
Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Series, Miniseries or Television Film (1973–74)
Nominated—Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Comedy Series
1971 Story Theatre Unknown Unknown episodes
1971 Love, American Style Barbara Watkins Episode: "Love and the Housekeeper"
1972 Columbo Eve Babcock Episode: "The Most Crucial Game"
1974–1978 Rhoda Rhoda Morgenstern Gerard 110 episodes
Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Television Series Musical or Comedy
Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Comedy Series
Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Television Series Musical or Comedy
Nominated—Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Comedy Series (1976–78)
1975 John Denver Rocky Mountain Christmas 1975 TV Special Herself Special guest
1976 The Muppet Show Herself Episode: "Valerie Harper"
1982 Fridays Herself 1 episode
1986 The Love Boat Laurel Peters 2 episodes: "Egyptian Cruise Part 1 & Part 2"
1986–1987 Valerie Valerie Hogan 32 episodes
1990 City Liz Gianni 13 episodes
1994 Missing Persons Ellen Hartig 3 episodes: "All They Had to Do Was Ask..." and "Tell Me You Didn't Do It... I'll Go to the Wall for You" and "What Do You Want... A Signed Confession?"
1995 The Office Rita Stone 6 episodes
1996–1999 Touched by an Angel Kate Prescott 2 episodes: "Flesh and Blood" (1996) and "Full Circle" (1999)
1996 Promised Land Molly Arnold Episode: "The Magic Gate"
1998 Generator Gawl Various (voice) Unknown episodes
1998 Melrose Place Mia Mancini 2 episodes: "Mama Mia" and "Last Train to Bagdad"
1998 Sorcerous Stabber Orphen Townspeople (voice) Episode: "The Sword of Baltanders"
1999 Sex and the City Wallis Wysel Episode: "Shortcomings"
2000 Beggars and Choosers Unknown Episode: "Be Careful What You Wish For"
2000 As Told by Ginger Maryellen (voice) Episode: "The Wedding Frame"
2001 That '70s Show Paula Episode: "Eric's Naughty No-no"
2001 Family Law Julia Episode: "Clemency"
2001 Three Sisters Merle Keats 2 episodes: "The In Laws" and "Three Thanksgivings, One Turkey"
2003−2004 Less than Perfect Judith 2 episodes: "Claude's Alternative Thanksgiving" and "Mom's the Word"
2005 Committed Lily Solomon Episode: "The Mother Episode"
2009 'Til Death Barbara Episode: "The Courtship of Eddie's Parents"
2011 Desperate Housewives Claire Bremmer Episode: "Where Do I Belong"
2011–2012 Drop Dead Diva Judge Leslie Singer 2 episodes: "Bride-a-Palooza" and "Freak Show"
2013–2018 The Simpsons Various characters (voice) 8 episodes
2013 Hot in Cleveland Angie Episode: "Love Is All Around"
2013 Dancing with the Stars Herself (Contestant) Season 17, eliminated week 4
2014–2019 American Dad! IHOP Diner / Various (voice) 2 episodes
2014 Signed, Sealed, Delivered Theresa Capodiamonte Guest star; 2 episodes: "Time to Start Livin' " and "To Whom It May Concern"
2015 Melissa & Joey Aunt Bunny Episode: "Thanks But No Thanks"
2015 2 Broke Girls Nola Episode: "And The Great Unwashed"
2016 Childrens Hospital Mamma Fiorucci Episode: "Childrens Horsepital"

Theater

Year Title Role Notes
1959–1960 Take Me Along Lady Entertainer, Townswoman
1960–1961 Wildcat Dancer
1961–1962 Subways Are for Sleeping Dancer
1967–1968 Something Different Beth Nemerov Replacement
1970–1971 Paul Sills' Story Theatre Various
1971 Ovid's Metamorphoses Ensemble
1995 Death Defying Acts Dorothy/Carol Replacement. Off-Broadway: Variety Arts Theatre
1998–1999 All Under Heaven Pearl S. Buck Off-Broadway's Century Center Theatre. Ran November 3, 1998 – January 11, 1999. Played 16 previews and 65 regular performances.
2001–2002 The Tale of the Allergist's Wife Marjorie Replacement (July 31, 2001 – May 26, 2002)
2008–2010 Looped Tallulah Bankhead 2010 Tony Award nominee: Best Actress in a Play. Looped ran on Broadway (at the Lyceum Theatre), February 19 – April 11, 2010 for 60 performances.
2015 Nice Work if You Can Get It Millicent Winter Ogunquit Playhouse (Maine) (July 22–29—bowed out after collapsing backstage and being hospitalized. Replaced by Brenda Vaccaro for remaining run through August 15, 2015.)

Awards and nominations

Year Award Category Work Result
1971 Primetime Emmy Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Comedy Series The Mary Tyler Moore Show Won
1972 Primetime Emmy Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Comedy Series The Mary Tyler Moore Show Won
1972 Golden Globe Best Supporting Actress – Television The Mary Tyler Moore Show Nominated
1973 Primetime Emmy Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Comedy Series The Mary Tyler Moore Show Won
1973 Golden Globe Best Supporting Actress - Television The Mary Tyler Moore Show Nominated
1974 Primetime Emmy Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Comedy Series The Mary Tyler Moore Show Nominated
1974 Golden Globe New Female Star of the Year Freebie and the Bean Nominated
1974 Golden Globe Best Actress in a TV Comedy Series Rhoda Won
1975 Primetime Emmy Outstanding Lead Actress in a Comedy Series Rhoda Won
1975 Golden Globe Best Actress in a TV Comedy Series Rhoda Nominated
1976 Primetime Emmy Outstanding Lead Actress in a Comedy Series Rhoda Nominated
1977 Primetime Emmy Outstanding Lead Actress in a Comedy Series Rhoda Nominated
1978 Primetime Emmy Outstanding Lead Actress in a Comedy Series Rhoda Nominated
1979 Golden Globe Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture Chapter Two Nominated
2010 Tony Awards Best Actress in a Play Looped Nominated
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