Quantcast
peoplepill id: valeria-maximilla
VM
1 views today
1 views this week
Valeria Maximilla

Valeria Maximilla Roman empress

Roman empress
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro Roman empress
Is Noble
From Italy
Type Royals
Gender female
Birth 280
Death 312
Family
Father: Galerius
Spouse: Maxentius
Children: Valerius Romulus
The details
Biography

Valeria Maximilla (fl. 293–312) was the Empress of the Romans and wife of Emperor Maxentius.

Life

She was the daughter of Emperor Galerius and his first wife, whose name is unknown. She married Maxentius around 293 (the exact date is unknown) in what was likely an attempt to forge an alliance between the families of Galerius and Maxentius' father Maximian, himself Emperor in the West. She bore two sons: the eldest, Valerius Romulus, was born c. 295; the other son's name is not recorded, but might be Aurelius Valerius, who was executed in 312. As an emperor's daughter, she was entitled nobilissima femina.

Her husband was acclaimed emperor in October 306 against the wishes of Valeria Maximilla's father, who tried to overthrow the usurper in 307 but without success. Maxentius remained the ruler of Rome, Italy and Africa until 312, when Constantine I invaded Italy. Valeria and her husband were together before the Battle of the Milvian Bridge, when she disappears from the historical record. Her fate is unknown. Their son, Romulus, died in 309

Valeria Maximilla's portrait does not appear on any of the coinage issued under Maxentius, but she may have been depicted on a defaced sculpture now housed in the Capitoline Museums. If it is of Maximilla, it was likely defaced after her husband's overthrow, when his own images were also defaced.

Empress "Faustina" visiting St. Catherine

In St. Catherine's hagiography

Maximilla may be the nameless queen who appears in the hagiography of St. Catherine of Alexandria by Jacobus de Voragine (one of the fantastic stories in the "Golden Legend"). In this story, the queen converted to Christianity after meeting with Catherine, and the both of them were then tortured and executed by Maxentius, depicted here as a persecutor of Christians.

In another similar version by 15th-century Italian hagiographer Petrus de Natalibus, the queen was named "Faustina". She was accompanied to Catherine's jail by Porphyrius, an army captain. Along with Faustina, the captain and 200 of his soldiers also converted, and they were all supposedly martyred by Maxentius. In Eastern Orthodox churches, Faustina, Porphyrius (called a stratelates) and the soldiers share a feast day with Catherine: November 24 for Russian Orthodoxes, and Nov. 25 for Greek Orthodoxes.

The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
comments so far.
Comments
Reference sources
References
http://www.catholic-forum.com/saints/golden317.htm
https://archive.org/details/SketchesOfTheHistoryOfChristianArtV1
https://archive.org/details/SketchesOfTheHistoryOfChristianArtV1/page/n78
https://books.google.com/books?id=qdK8MsAc-dcC&pg=PP116
http://www.roman-emperors.org/maxentiu.htm
arrow-left arrow-right arrow-up arrow-down instagram whatsapp myspace quora soundcloud spotify tumblr vk website youtube stumbleupon comments comments pandora gplay iheart tunein pandora gplay iheart tunein itunes