Usman Harwani (Urdu عثمان ہارونی ) was an early modern wali or Sufi saint of Islam in India, a successor to Shareef Zandani, sixteenth link in the Silsila of the Chishti order, and master of Moinuddin Chishti. Usman Harooni was born in Haroon, Iran. His year of birth is variously given as 1096, 1116 and 1131 AD (490, 510 and 526 AH). He is also known by the nicknames Abu Noor and Abu Mansur.
When he was young, he met a mystic named Chirk. This association brought about a significant transformation in his life. As a result, he decided to seek a higher moral and spiritual life.
Harooni later met Shareef Zandani, a mystic and saint of the Chishti order, and requested to enroll as his spiritual disciple. Zandani accepted his request by placing a four-edged cap upon his head.
Zandani told him that the four-edged cap implied the following four things:
- First is the renunciation of this world;
- Second is the renunciation of the world hereafter;
- Third is the renunciation of the desires of the self;
- Fourth is the renunciation of everything other than God.
Harooni spent over thirty years in the company of his spiritual guide. During this period, he engaged in ascetic practices and prayers. As time passed, he gained many spiritual accomplishments. Zandani asked him guide to move on and spread the gospel of truth.
The traditional silsila (spiritual lineage) of the Chishti order is as follows
- 'Alī ibn Abī Ṭālib
- Hasan of Basra, d. 728, an early Persian Muslim theologian
- 'Abdul Wāḥid Bin Zaid Abul Faḍl, d. 793, an early Sufi saint
- Al-Fudhayl bin 'Iyyadh
- Ibrahim ibn Adham, a legendary early Sufi ascetic
- Ḥudhayfah al-Mar'ashī
- Amīnuddīn Abū Ḥubayrah al-Baṣrī
- Mumshād Dīnwarī Al Alawi
- Abu Ishaq Shamī chishti (d. 940, founder of the Chishti order proper)
- Abu Abdaal Chishtī
- Naseruddin Abu Muhammad Chishtī
- Abu Yusuf Bin Saamaan, d. 1067
- Maudood Chishti, d. 1139
- Shareef Zandani, d. 1215 CE, 612 AH
- Usman Harooni
- saifan maiook chisti d.1100
- hazi roomi d.1100
Harooni had many disciples, including:
- SultanUl Hind AtaE Rasool Syed Khwaja Ghareb Nawaz Moinuddin Hassan Chisti
- Makhdoom Khwaja Syed Jalaluddin Abdal Chishti, (Hajipur,Bihar)
- Sheikh Najmuddin Safri
- Sheikh Muhammad Turk ayman
- hazarat khwaja saipan mulk chisti
- Hazrat Khawaja Usman Ali Shah Chisti ( Kolar Shareef )
Harooni traveled widely to preach. He visited many countries and cities, including Bukhara, Baghdad, Falooja, Damascus, India and Mecca and Medina. He performed the Hajj.
In almost all cities, he visited Sufis and dervishes accomplished him. On the way to Oosh, he met Sheikh Bahauddin of Oosh. When he reached Badakshan, he met one of the attendants of Junayd of Baghdad.
During his travels, he was accompanied by *Moinuddin Chishti, who carried his tiffin basket.
Harooni visited India during the rule of Sultan Iltamish; before returning to Arabia for Hajj. In Belchi, near Biharsharif, India, he stayed and prayed.
Usman E Harooni Rahimullah died on 5 Shawaal, 617 AH (1220 AD). His Urs take place every year in Belchi on 14 to 16 of Shawaal. His blessings are invoked by people belonging to every strata of society and every school of thought. His actual tomb is in Mecca and a Chillah(Shrine) is in Belchi. A symbol of his strength and a source of his blessings are found at the Usmani Chilla at Ajmer and Belchi.
A Chillah of Usman Harooni is located in Belchi, Bihar Sharif Nalanda, Bihar. As known, A Muridah Waliyah of Usman Harooni took promise from him that after her death her tomb will be beneath in his feet, but eventually Usman Harooni died in Mecca Arab. To fulfill his promise, Usman Harooni once again existed in Belchi and ordered the Muridah to built his Shrine and after her death, She'll be buried beneath the Shrine of Usman Harooni in Belchi. Usman Harooni ordered to built his Chillah and beside is the tomb of the Waliya. Past 650 years Annual Urs take place every year.
The first Urs ceremony was commemorated (originated) by Makhdoom Fariduddin Tavaela Bukhsh (First Sajjada Nasheen). His shrine is in Chandpura, Bihar Sharif. He was the son of Ibrahim (Nephew of Nizamuddin Auliya) & Fariduddin Tavaela Bukhsh founded the Chishti Nizami order in Bihar, he was the nephew & discipline of Noor Qutbe Alam Pandavi. He was the discipline of Alaul Haq Pandavi (also the Peer of Makhdoom Ashraf Jahangir Simnani). He was the discipline of Akhi Siraj Aainae Hind & he was the discipline of Nizamuddin Auliya (Mehboob E Illahi).
The existence & blessings of his is invoked in his shrine in Belchi. The symbol of his strength is found in Belchi. The esteemed details of the chillah & life of Usman Harooni is noted in the book Moin ul Qul.
Message and teachings
According to Usman Harooni, a great man is one who is endowed with virtues such as contentment, sincerity, self-abnegation, self-sacrifice and above all, spirit of renunciation. He said that the ego was an enemy, as it did not allow rational thought, wise actions and a happy life. He emphasized that unless a man loves human beings, it is impossible for him to love God.