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Umar Arteh Ghalib

Umar Arteh Ghalib

Somalian politician
Umar Arteh Ghalib
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro Somalian politician
Is Politician
From Somalia
Type Politics
Gender male
Birth 1930
Age 91 years
Politics Somali Youth League
Peoplepill ID umar-arteh-ghalib
The details (from wikipedia)

Biography

Umar Arteh Ghalib or Omer Carte Qalib (Somali: Cumar Carte Qaalib, Arabic: عمر عرتي غالب‎) (born 1930) is a prominent Somali politician. He was Prime Minister of the Somali Democratic Republic from January 24, 1991 to May 1993. previously he served as Foreign Minister from 1969 to 1977. He is belonged to the United Somali Congress.

Early life and education

Ghalib was born in British Somaliland in 1930. He is a member of the Habr Awal Isaaq clan, and belonged to the United Somali Congress. He underwent elementary and intermediate education in Hargeisa and completed his secondary education in Sheikh, and his higher education in England where he was educated at Bristol University in the UK.

Career

Early career

He started his career as a school master and then headmaster of elementary schools of Las Anod, Berbera and Hargeisa respectively. Just before he went to UK in 1956, he was appointed as vice principal of Sheikh Intermediate School. After his success in Sheikh, he went to England for higher Education. On his return in 1958 he was promoted as the first principal of Gabiley Intermediate Boarding School.

Minister of Foreign Affairs

From 1969 to 1977, Ghalib served as Foreign Minister. As Foreign Minister, in January, 1972 he was President of the United Nations Security Council.

In 1972, he the lead mediator between Uganda and Tanzania during the Uganda–Tanzania War. Ghalib Brought Somalia into the Arab League in 1974 during his term as Foreign Minister of Somalia.

Prime Minister of Somali Democratic Republic

On 24 January 1991, he was appointed by then President of Somali Democratic Republic Siad Barre as the last Prime Minister under the latter's regime.

After Barre's ouster, the next president, Ali Mahdi Muhammad, reappointed Ghalib as prime minister, a position Ghalib would hold until May 1993.

Imprisonment and trial

On 7 June 1982, Omar Arteh Ghalib and 16 other senior leaders were removed from all party and government posts and arrested. On 7 February 1988, the trial of Arteh, former vice president Ismail Ali Abokor and other indictees ended. Omar Arteh Ghalib was sentenced to death, but under pressure from the international community and human rights organizations his death penalty was replaced by a prison term.

The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 24 Mar 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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User contributions
Added by Kader Karie on 18 Nov 2020
Omer Arteh Ghalib passed away today 18 November 2020 in in his home town, Hargeisa, Somaliland.Source: https://www.hiiraan.com/news4/2020/Nov/180754/former_somalia_pm_omer_ghalib_dies_in_hargeisa.aspx
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Reference sources
References
https://web.archive.org/web/20070930181545/http://people.africadatabase.org/en/person/2531.html
http://people.africadatabase.org/en/person/2531.html
http://www.worldstatesmen.org/Somalia.html
http://www.biyokulule.com/Jan_%201991_%205.htm
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