Turdakun Usubalijevich Usubalijev (Russian: Турдакун Усубалиевич Усубалиев) (6 November 1919 – 7 September 2015) was a Soviet Union-era Kyrgyz politician and secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Kyrgyzstan in the period 1961–1985.
He was born in a peasant's family in Kochkor village. In 1941 he graduated from the Kyrgyz National Institute, and in 1965 the Moscow State Pedagogical University in absentia. In 1941, he was an activist of the Communist Party from 1941 to 1945 deputy head of department in the district committee, and the instructor of the Central Committee of KP Kyrgyzstan. From 1945 to 1955, he was the instructor of the Central Committee of the CPSU, and from 1955 to 1956 editor of the newspaper of the Kyrgyz SSR. From 1956 to 1958, he was the head of one of the departments of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Kyrgyzstan, and from 1958 to 1961, he was the First Secretary of the Municipal Party Committee in Frunze (now Bishkek), then from 9 May 1961 until his retirement on Nov. 2, 1985, he was the First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Kyrgyzstan. In June 2008 he was a co-founder of the political movement "The Great Kyrgyzstan".
Usubalijev died in Bishkek in September 2015.