|Was||Businessperson Entrepreneur Computer scientist|
|From||United States of America|
|Type||Business Science Technology|
|Birth||12 December 1973, Illinois, USA|
|Death||27 November 2020, Connecticut, USA (aged 46 years)|
|Residence||Las Vegas, Clark County, Nevada, USA|
Tony Hsieh (/ˈʃeɪ/ shay; Chinese: 謝家華; December 12, 1973 – November 27, 2020) was an American Internet entrepreneur and venture capitalist. He retired as the CEO of the online shoe and clothing company Zappos in August 2020 after 21 years. Prior to joining Zappos, Hsieh co-founded the Internet advertising network LinkExchange, which he sold to Microsoft in 1998 for $265 million.
Early life and education
Both of Hsieh's parents (Richard and Judy) came from Taiwan. Tony Hsieh was born in Illinois and grew up in the San Francisco Bay area of California. He has two younger brothers, Andy Hsieh and Dave Hsieh.
In 1995, he graduated from Harvard University with a degree in computer science. While at Harvard, he managed the Quincy House Grille selling pizza to the students in his dorm; his best customer, Alfred Lin, would later be Zappos's CFO and COO. After college, Hsieh worked for Oracle Corporation. After five months, he left to co-found the LinkExchange advertising network.
In 1996, Hsieh started developing the idea for an advertising network called LinkExchange. Members were allowed to advertise their site over LinkExchange's network by displaying banner ads on their website. They launched in March 1996, with Hsieh as CEO, and found their first 30 clients by direct emailing webmasters. The site grew, and within 90 days LinkExchange had over 20,000 participating web pages and had its banner ads displayed over 10 million times. By 1998, the site had over 400,000 members and 5 million ads rotated daily. In November 1998, LinkExchange sold to Microsoft for $265 million.
After LinkExchange sold to Microsoft, Hsieh co-founded Venture Frogs, an incubator and investment firm, with his business partner, Alfred Lin. The name originated from a dare. One of Hsieh's friends said she would invest everything if they chose "Venture Frogs" as the name, and the pair took her up on the bet (although they have yet to see any money). They invested in a variety of tech and Internet startups, including Ask Jeeves, OpenTable and Zappos.
In 1999, Nick Swinmurn approached Hsieh and Lin with the idea of selling shoes online. Hsieh was initially skeptical and almost deleted Swinmurn's initial voice mail. After Swinmurn mentioned that "footwear in the US is a $40 billion market, and 5% of that was already being sold by paper mail order catalogs," Hsieh and Lin decided to invest through Venture Frogs. Two months later, Hsieh joined Zappos as the CEO, starting with $1.6 million in 2000. By 2009, revenues reached $1 billion.
On July 22, 2009, Amazon.com announced the acquisition of Zappos.com in a deal valued at approximately $1.2 billion. Hsieh is said to have made at least $214 million from the sale, not including money made through his former investment firm Venture Frogs.
On August 24, 2020, he retired as the CEO of Zappos after 21 years at the helm.
Hsieh joined JetSuite's board in 2011. He led a $7 million round of investment in the growing private "very light jet" concern. The investment allowed JetSuite to add two new Embraer Phenom 100 jets which have two pilots, two engines and safety features equivalent to large commercial passenger jets but weigh less than 10,000 pounds and are consequently highly fuel-efficient.
Downtown Project - Las Vegas, NV
Since 2009, Hsieh, who still ran the downtown Las Vegas-based Zappos.com business, has been organizing a major re-development and revitalization project for downtown Las Vegas, which has been for the most part left behind compared to the Las Vegas Strip's growth. Hsieh originally planned the Downtown Project as a place where Zappos.com employees may live and work, but the project has grown beyond that to a vision where thousands of local tech and other entrepreneurs may live and work. Projects funded include The Writer's Block, the first independent bookseller in Las Vegas.
Park City, Utah
After stepping down as CEO of Zappos in August 2020, Hsieh bought multiple properties in Park City, Utah, with a total market value around $56 million.
Hsieh received an Ernst & Young Entrepreneur Of The Year award for the Northern California region in 2007.
Hsieh was a member of the Harvard University team that won the 1993 ACM International Collegiate Programming Contest in Indianapolis, coming top of 31 entrants.
In June 2010, Hsieh released Delivering Happiness, a book about his entrepreneurial endeavors. It was profiled in many world publications, including The Washington Post, CNBC, TechCrunch, The Huffington Post and The Wall Street Journal. It debuted at #1 on the New York Times Best Seller List and stayed on the list for 27 consecutive weeks. Hsieh resided primarily in Downtown Las Vegas, Nevada, but he also owned a home in Southern Highlands.
Tony Hsieh died on November 27, 2020 at the age of 46, due to complications related to injuries sustained in a house fire. He was visiting family in Connecticut during Thanksgiving weekend.