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Themistoclea

Themistoclea

priestess at Delphi
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro priestess at Delphi
Occupations Priest
A.K.A. Θεμιστοκλεία, Θεόκλεια, Αριστόκλεια
Gender female
Birth 001
The details
Biography

Themistoclea (; Greek: Θεμιστόκλεια Themistokleia; also Aristoclea (; Ἀριστοκλεία Aristokleia), Theoclea (; Θεοκλεία Theokleia); fl. 6th century BCE) was a priestess at Delphi.

Life

According to surviving sources Themistoclea was Pythagoras’ teacher.

In the biography of Pythagoras in his Lives and Opinions of Eminent Philosophers, Diogenes Laërtius (3rd century CE) cites the statement of Aristoxenus (4th century BCE) that Themistoclea taught Pythagoras his moral doctrines:

Aristoxenus says that Pythagoras got most of his moral doctrines from the Delphic priestess Themistoclea.

Porphyry (233–305 CE) calls her Aristoclea (Aristokleia), although there is little doubt that he is referring to the same person. Porphyry repeats the claim that she was the teacher of Pythagoras:

He (Pythagoras) taught much else, which he claimed to have learned from Aristoclea at Delphi.

The 10th-century Suda encyclopedia calls her Theoclea (Theokleia) and states that she was the sister of Pythagoras, but this information probably arises from a corruption and misunderstanding of the passage in Diogenes Laertius.

The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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References
http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus:text:1999.01.0258:book=8:chapter=1&highlight=themistoclea
http://www.stoa.org/sol-bin/search.pl?login=guest&enlogin=guest&db=REAL&field=adlerhw_gr&searchstr=pi,3124
http://www.tertullian.org/fathers/porphyry_life_of_pythagoras_02_text.htm
https://books.google.com/books?id=x7ngECDpxmMC&printsec=frontcover
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