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Sunjo of Joseon
23rd King of Joseon Dynasty in Korean history

Sunjo of Joseon

Sunjo of Joseon
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro 23rd King of Joseon Dynasty in Korean history
Was Politician Ruler
From North Korea South Korea Korea
Field Military Politics
Gender male
Birth 1790, Seoul, South Korea
Death 1834, Seoul, South Korea (aged 44 years)
Family
Mother: Royal Noble Consort Su of the Bannam Park clan
Father: Jeongjo of Joseon
Siblings: Princess Suk SeonPrince Successor Mun HyoPrince Sang Gye
Spouse: Queen Sunwon
Children: Crown Prince Hyomyeong
The details (from wikipedia)

Biography

Sunjo of Joseon (29 July 1790 – 13 December 1834, reigned 1800–1834) was the 23rd king of the Korean Joseon Dynasty. He was born with the title of His Royal Highness Prince Yi Gong. Sunjo was the 2nd son of King Jeongjo which King Jeongjo had with Lady Subin, one of King Jeongjo's concubines.

Biography

Sunjo ascended to the throne at age 10 in 1800 upon the death of his father, King Jeongjo.

In 1802, King Sunjo married Lady Kim of Andong, known posthumously as Queen Sunwon, daughter of Kim Jo-sun who was a leader of Andong Kim clan.

Since he ascended the throne at a young age, Queen Dowager Jeongsun, the second queen of King Yeongjo, ruled as queen regent, which allowed her to wield power over state affairs. Despite King Sunjo's efforts to reform politics, the fundamental principles of government deteriorated. The state examination became disordered and corruption in the government personnel administration prevailed. This resulted in disorder in society and various riots broke out among the people, including the revolt by Hong Gyeong-nae in 1811-1812. The Ogajaktongbeop (五家作統法), a census registration system to group five houses as one unit, was carried out in this period, and oppression against Roman Catholicism began in earnest.

King Sunjo died after reigning for 35 years in 1834 at the age of 44. He was first buried next to Jangneung, Paju, the tomb of King Injo and Queen Inyeo but later moved to Illeung, Seoul as the Feng Shui at the old site was deemed to be unfavourable.

Family

  1. Queen Sunwon of the Andong Kim clan (8 June 1789 – 21 September 1857) (순원왕후 김씨)
    1. Yi Yeong, Crown Prince Hyomyeong (18 September 1809 – 25 June 1830) (이영 효명세자)
    2. Princess Myeongon (13 October 1810 – 13 June 1832) (명온공주)
    3. Princess Bokon (26 October 1818 – 12 May 1832) (복온공주)
    4. An unknown Prince (1820 – ?) (대군)
    5. Princess Deokon (10 June 1822 – 24 May 1844) (덕온공주)
  2. Royal Consort Suk-ui of the Miryang Park clan (? – 30 June 1854) (숙의 박씨)
    1. Princess Yeongon (11 October 1817 – 8 April 1829) (영온옹주)

His full posthumous name

  • English: King Sunjo Seongak Yeondeok Hyeondo Gyeongin Sunhui Cheseong Eungmyeong Heumgwang Seokgyeong Gyecheon Baegeuk Yungwon Donhyu Euihaeng Soyun Huihwa Junryeol Daejung Jijeong Honghun Cheolmo Geonsi Taehyeong Changun Honggi Gomyeong Bakhu Ganggeon Sujeong Gyetong Suryeok Gongyu Beommun Anmu Jeongryeong Gyeongseong-hyo the Great of Korea
  • Hangul: 순조선각연덕현도경인순희체성응명흠광석경계천배극융원돈휴의행소윤희화준렬대중지정홍훈철모건시태형창운홍기고명박후강건수정계통수력공유범문안무정령경성효대왕
  • Hanja: 純祖淵德顯道景仁純禧體聖凝命欽光錫慶繼天配極隆元敦休懿行昭倫熙化峻烈大中至正洪勳哲謨乾始泰亨昌運弘基高明博厚剛健粹精啓統垂曆建功裕範文安武靖英敬成孝肅皇帝

Ancestry

16. King Sukjong
16. King Sukjong
8. King Yeongjo
17. Royal Noble Consort Sook of the Choi Clan
4. Crown Prince Sado
18. Lee Yoo-beon
9. Royal Noble Consort Yeong of the Lee Clan
19. Lady Kim
2. King Jeongjo
20. Lord Hong Chong-hon
10. Minister Hong Bong-han
5. Lady Hong Hyegyeong
11. Lady Yi
1. Yi Gong, King Sunjo
6. Park Jun-won
3. Royal Noble Consort Su-Ki of the Park Clan
7. Lady Won
16. King Sukjong
8. King Yeongjo
17. Royal Noble Consort Sook of the Choi Clan
4. Crown Prince Sado
18. Lee Yoo-beon
9. Royal Noble Consort Yeong of the Lee Clan
19. Lady Kim
2. King Jeongjo
20. Lord Hong Chong-hon
10. Minister Hong Bong-han
5. Lady Hong Hyegyeong
11. Lady Yi
1. Yi Gong, King Sunjo
6. Park Jun-won
3. Royal Noble Consort Su-Ki of the Park Clan
7. Lady Won
8. King Yeongjo
17. Royal Noble Consort Sook of the Choi Clan
4. Crown Prince Sado
18. Lee Yoo-beon
9. Royal Noble Consort Yeong of the Lee Clan
19. Lady Kim
2. King Jeongjo
20. Lord Hong Chong-hon
10. Minister Hong Bong-han
5. Lady Hong Hyegyeong
11. Lady Yi
1. Yi Gong, King Sunjo
6. Park Jun-won
3. Royal Noble Consort Su-Ki of the Park Clan
7. Lady Won

In popular culture

  • Portrayed by Kim Seung-soo in the 2016 KBS2 TV series Love in the Moonlight.
The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 28 Mar 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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Reference sources
References
http://jikimi.cha.go.kr/english/royal_palaces_new/Heonilleung.jsp?mc=EN_05_02_05
https://web.archive.org/web/20130906223132/http://www.exploringkorea.com/heonilleung-royal-tomb-seoul-korea/
http://www.exploringkorea.com/heonilleung-royal-tomb-seoul-korea/
https://d-nb.info/gnd/1056098163
http://isni.org/isni/0000000381956276
https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n85012218
https://nl.go.kr/authorities/resource/KAC201620597
https://www.idref.fr/128778199
https://viaf.org/viaf/263607239
https://www.worldcat.org/identities/containsVIAFID/263607239
Sections Sunjo of Joseon

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