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Sun Yat-sen

Sun Yat-sen Chinese physician, politician and revolutionary

Chinese physician, politician and revolutionary
Sun Yat-sen
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro Chinese physician, politician and revolutionary
A.K.A. Sun Yat Sen, Sun Zhongshan, Sun Wen, Sun Yi Xian, Sun Yixian, Sun I-hs...
Was Politician Physician Philosopher
From United States of America China
Type Philosophy Politics Healthcare
Gender male
Birth 12 November 1866, Xiangshan County
Death 12 March 1925, Beijing, People's Republic of China (aged 58 years)
Residence San Francisco, Haxell's Hotel
Politics Kuomintang, Tongmenghui
Siblings: Sun Mei
Spouse: Lu MuzhenChen CuifenHaru AsadaKaoru OtsukiSoong Ching-ling
Children: Sun FoSun WanFumiko Miyagawa
Sun Yat-sen
The details


Sun Yat-sen University (Chinese: 中山大学; pinyin: Zhōngshān Dàxué), abbreviated SYSU and colloquially known in Chinese as Zhongda (Chinese: 中大; pinyin: Zhōngdà), also known as Zhongshan University, is a major Chinese public research university located in Guangdong, People's Republic of China. It was founded in 1924 by Dr.Sun Yat-sen, a revolutionary and the founding father of the Republic of China.

The school's main campus, commonly referred to as the South Campus, is located in Haizhu District, Guangzhou, inheriting the campus of the former Lingnan University. Three of its four campuses are also located in Guangzhou, including the new East Campus in the Guangzhou Higher Education Mega Center, and the medically oriented North Campus. The school also has a new campus in Zhuhai, which is the largest among the four campuses.

Consistently ranked among the top 10 universities in mainland China, Sun Yat-sen University provides undergraduate and graduate instruction in the humanities, social sciences, natural sciences, technology, medical science, pharmacology and managerial science.

The university's assets include the world's second fastest supercomputer Tianhe-2, which is valued at 2.4 billion yuan (CNY)(US$390 million). The university also has the largest affiliated hospital system in mainland China. The university's Zhuhai Campus owns the largest teaching building in Asia measured by acreage.

Two of the university's business education institutions, Sun Yat-sen Business School (SYSBS) and Lingnan (University) College are triple accredited by EQUIS, AACSB and AMBA. Only 3 business schools in mainland China hold this Triple accreditation.


University Seal, 1932-1949
National Sun Yat-sen University
Wenming Road Campus, 1924-1935
Bell Tower, Hosting space of the 1st National Congress of Kuomintang (KMT).

Present-day Sun Yat-sen University is the result of multiple mergers as well as splits and restructurings that have involved more than a dozen academic institutions over time. The most recent merger happened in 2001, when Sun Yat-sen University of Medical Science merged with Sun Yat-sen University and became Sun Yat-sen College of Medical Science.

Sun Yat-sen University

In 1924, Dr. Sun Yat-sen founded National Canton University (国立广东大学) and inscribed in his own handwriting the school motto of "Study Extensively, Enquire Accurately, Reflect Carefully, Discriminate Clearly, Practise Earnestly." After the death of Sun Yat-sen, the national government that was set up during the first cooperation between the Communists and Nationalists formally decreed to change its name to Sun Yat-sen University on July 17, 1926. In 1926, there were five National Sun Yat-sen (Zhongshan) Universities: National First Sun Yat-sen (Zhongshan) University in Guangzhou (the current Sun Yat-sen University), National Second Sun Yat-sen (Zhongshan) University in Wuhan (the current Wuhan University), National Third Sun Yat-sen (Zhongshan) University in Zhejiang (the current Zhejiang University), National Fourth Sun Yat-sen (Zhongshan) University in Nanjing (the current Nanjing University, National Fifth Sun Yat-sen (Zhongshan) University in Zhengzhou (the current Henan University). In the 1930s, there were seven schools in the university: the Schools of Arts, Sciences, Law, Engineering, Agricultural Studies, Medicine and Education. In 1935, Tsinghua University, Peking University and Sun Yat-sen University set up the first graduate schools in China and began to enroll graduate students. In the 1950s, colleges, schools and departments were readjusted nationwide, and Sun Yat-sen University became a comprehensive university with the liberal arts and sciences as its backbone disciplines.

In history, all the Sun Yat-sen Universities were the products of one-party state, based-on the political ideology with socialism characteristics, and found for national development needs.

Sun Yat-sen University of Medical Sciences

One of the predecessors of the Sun Yat-sen University of Medical Science was the Pok Tsai Medical School, which, founded in 1866, was the earliest institution of learning of western medicine in China, where Sun Yat-sen once studied and engaged in revolutionary activities. The Pok Tsai Medical School evolved into the College of Medicine of Lingnan University in 1936. The Kung Yee Medical School and Hospital in Guangzhou (Canton) was founded in 1908. In 1925, the Kung Yee institutions were taken over by the government and became the Medical Department of the National First Sun Yat-sen (Zhongshan) University. In 1953, the Colleges of Medicine in Sun Yat-sen University and Lingnan University merged to form the College of Medicine of South China, which was joined by the Guangdong Guanghua College of Medicine in 1954. The university was renamed Guangzhou College of Medicine and Sun Yat-sen College of Medical Science successively, and finally Sun Yat-sen University of Medical Science in 1985, which has developed steadfastly into a comprehensive medical university with multi-schools and multiple levels, has reached national advanced level and achieved remarkable successes in scientific research in medical genetics, ophthalmology, tumor study, parasite study, the kidney disease of internal medicine, organ transplant, infectious liver disease, biological medical project and molecular medical science. In 2001, Sun Yat-sen University of Medical Science merged with Sun Yat-sen University and became Sun Yat-sen College of Medical Science.

Lingnan University

Martin Hall of Lingnan University,1907

Lingnan University (Chinese: 岭南大学) was a private university established by a group of American missionaries in Guangzhou in 1888. At its founding it was named Canton Christian College (格致书院).

The Hackett Medical College for Women (夏葛女子医学院, the first medical college for women in China) and its affiliated hospital known as David Gregg Hospital for Women and Children (柔济医院), located in Guangzhou, China, were parts of a medical center that was founded by female medical missionary Dr. Mary H. Fulton (1854-1927). Dr. Fulton was sent by the Foreign Missions Board of the Presbyterian Church (USA), with the support of the Lafayette Avenue Presbyterian Church of Brooklyn, New York, of which David Gregg was pastor The College was dedicated in 1902 and offered a four-year medical curriculum. At the end of 1932, the medical center was registered and put under the control of the Chinese government. Furthermore, it affiliated with Guangzhou Hospital and Lingnan University to form the Sun Yat-Sen Medical College in 1936.

Lingnan University was incorporated into Chung Shan University (now Sun Yat-sen University) in 1953. Members of the university moved to Hong Kong and founded the Lingnan School in Wan Chai in 1967, which was relocated to Tuen Mun in the mid-1990s and renamed Lingnan University in 1999.

In 1988, Lingnan College was reestablished within Sun Yat-sen University and is now one of the top schools of economics and management in China.


The university is ranked as one of the top universities in China by all the most influential and widely observed international university rankings, for example, #7 nationwide in Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2015, #6 nationwide in the Academic Ranking of World Universities 2015, and #8 nationwide in U.S. News Global University Ranking 2015.

Alumni and Sponsors

  • Run Run Shaw building donater

Sir Run Run Shaw, GBM, CBE (c. November 1907 – 7 January 2014), also known as Shao Yifu and Siu Yat-fu, was a Hong Kong entertainment mogul and philanthropist. He was one of the most influential figures in the Asian entertainment industry.[4] He founded the Shaw Brothers Studio, one of the largest film production companies in Hong Kong, and TVB, the dominant television company in Hong Kong.

A well-known philanthropist, Shaw donated billions of Hong Kong dollars to educational institutions in Hong Kong and mainland China. More than 5,000 buildings on Chinese college campuses bear his name,[5] as does Shaw College of the Chinese University of Hong Kong. He also established the Shaw Prize, often referred to as the Nobel Prize of Asia.

  • Xu Yinchuan graduated from Department of Chinese Language and Literature .

Xu is currently considered to be one of the world's best players in xiangqi, or Chinese chess.

Xu was born in Huilai, Guangdong Province, China, in August 1975.[1] He is one of a handful of grandmasters from Guangdong Province, which is notable for being the home of many famed grandmasters of xiangqi, including Yang Guanli, Cai Furu and Lu Qin.

  • Xing Ming, graduated from Department of Chinese Language and Literature . Xing is the Founder and President of Tianya Club.

Tianya Club (mandarin: Tianya 天涯 "End of the World" Club) is one of the most popular Internet forums in China.[1] As of 2015, it is ranked by Alexa as the 11th most visited site in the People's Republic of China and 60th overall.[2] It was founded on 14 February 1999.

It provides BBS, blog, microblog and photo album services.

Politicians have used Tianya Club to campaign, answer questions from constituents, and gather grassroots support

  • Zhang Yizhong, graduated from Department of Chinese Language and Literature . Founder of The Beijing News, and Southern Urban News, Chinese publisher of Sports Illustrated
  • Zhu Defu, Chief Editor of Information Times.
  • Yingying Zhang, scholar who disappeared in Urbana, Illinois.


Statistics (2017)

Total Full-time Faculty 3567
Professors 1451
Associate Professors 1211
Full-time Students 50354
Undergraduate Students 32327
Graduate Students for master's degree 12725
Doctoral Students 5302
Undergraduate Majors 126
Doctorate Programs 43
Master's degree Programs 53
Professional Degree Programs 26
Post-doctoral Research Stations 41

Schools and departments(2017)

The university's Schools & Departments are as follows:

  • Academy of Entrepreneurship
  • Department of Psychology
  • Department of Social Science Education
  • Faculty of English Education
  • Guanghua School of Stomatology, Hospital of Stomatology, Sun Yat-sen University
  • Institute for Advanced Studies in Humanities
    • Liberal Arts College (Boya College)
    • University General Education Unit
  • International Business School
    • Department of Applied Economics
    • Department of Business Administration
  • Liberal Arts College
  • Lingnan (University) College
    • Department of Economics
    • Department of Finance
    • Department of Insurance and Risk Management
    • Department of International Business
    • Department of Logistics Engineering and Management
  • School of Advanced Computing
  • School of Asian-Pacific Studies
    • Department of International Politics
  • School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
    • Department of Polymer and Material Science
    • Department of Chemical Engineering
    • Department of Chemistry
    • Department of Applied Chemistry
  • School of Chinese as a Second Language
  • School of Communication and Design
    • Department of Public Communication
    • Department of Journalism
    • Department of Creative Media Design
  • School of Continuing Education (School of Online Education)
  • School of Earth Science and Geological Engineering
  • School of Education
  • School of Engineering
  • School of Environmental Science and Engineering
  • School of Foreign Languages
  • School of Geography and Planning
  • School of Government
    • Department of Political Sciences
    • Department of Public Management
  • School of Humanities
    • Department of Chinese
    • Department of History
    • Department of Philosophy
  • School of Information Management
  • School of Information Science and Technology
  • School of Intellectual Property
  • School of International Studies
  • School of Law
  • School of Life Sciences
  • School of Marine Sciences
  • School of Mathematics & Computational Science
  • School of Mobile Information Engineering
  • School of Nursing
  • School of Pharmaceutical Sciences
  • School of Physics & Engineering
  • School of Public Health
  • School of Sociology and Anthropology
    • Department of Anthropology
    • Department of Sociology and Social Work
  • School of Software
  • School of Tourism Management
  • Sino-French Institute of Nuclear Engineering and Technology
  • Sun Yat-sen Business School
  • SYSU-CMU Joint Institute of Engineering
  • University General Education Unit
  • YAT-SEN School
  • Zhongshan School of Medicine

The university also consists of various other international institutes such as:

  • Joint Institute of Engineering (JIE), developed together with Carnegie Mellon University
  • Medical Research Center for Clinical and Translational Research, partnered with Johns Hopkins University
  • Lehn Institute of Functional Materials (LIFM), developed together with the Laboratory of Supramolecular Chemistry at ISIS of University of Strasbourg, INT of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology and ETH Zurich
  • The Sino-French Institute of Nuclear Engineering & Technology, developed together with Grenoble Institute of Technology, Ecole des mines de Nantes, Chimie ParisTech, École nationale supérieure de chimie de Montpellier, Institut national des sciences et techniques nucléaires
  • SYSU-Alberta Joint Lab for Biodiversity Conservation, established together with University of Alberta, Canada
  • The Chinese University of Hong Kong - Sun Yat-sen University Centre for Historical Anthropology
  • Center on Philanthropy at Sun Yat-sen university, partnered with Indiana University

Business Education

Sun Yat-sen Business School (SYSBS)

Sun Yat-sen Business School (SYSBS) is one of the only 3 business schools in mainland China and one of 58 business schools in the world being triple accredited by EQUIS, AACSB and AMBA.

The school has established collaborative academic exchanges and programs with over 80 international institutions, such as University of California, Los Angeles, University of Oxford, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Queen's University, IE Business School, City University of Hong Kong and so on. It has also built strategic partnerships with leading multinational companies, such as IBM, DHL, Coca-Cola, Allianz Group and so on, and with a myriad of local partners such as ICBC, Bank of China.

  • In 2012, Forbes China ranked the schools's MBA program #7 in China.
  • In 2012, Financial Times ranked the school's EMBA programs #11 worldwide.
  • In 2013, Financial Times ranked the school's Master in Management Program #44 worldwide.

Lingnan (University) College

Lingnan (University) College
Wing Kwong Hall

Since 2015, Lingnan (University) college is also triple-accredited by AACSB,EQUIS and AMBA. The college is originated from Lingnan University (Chinese: 岭南大学), a renowned private university established by a group of American missionaries in 1888.

Its programs include Lingnan-MIT International MBA program with MIT Sloan School of Management, the China Executive MBA program with Carlson School of Management of the University of Minnesota, the China-France MBA program with Jean Moulin University Lyon 3 and EMLYON Business School, and the International DBA program with EMLYON Business School.

Lingnan-MIT IMBA

The Lingnan IMBA is the first English-taught MBA program in China, which is in cooperation with the Sloan School of Management at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). The IMBA program adopts MIT Sloan’s MBA curricula, textbooks, cases, and other teaching materials. During the first semester, Lingnan students have the opportunity to apply to MIT Sloan’s MSMS program. Through this two-year, dual-degree program, students can earn an international MBA from Lingnan and a master's degree in management studies from MIT Sloan.

  • In 2008, Manager ranked Lingnan-MBA #5 in “Best MBA Programs in China” rankings.
  • In 2012, Forbes China ranked the schools's MBA program #8 in China.
Dual Degrees

Lingnan University's MBA Students have also have double degree options with ESCP Europe, Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University.

Affiliated hospitals

The university has the largest affiliated hospital system in China, including Sun Yat-sen University First Hospital, Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital(or Sun Yat-sen University Second Hospital), Sun Yat-sen University Third Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University Fourth Hospital (has merged into the First Hospital), Sun Yat-sen University Fifth Hospital (or Zhuhai Hospital), Sun Yat-sen University Sixth Hospital (or Sun Yat-sen University Gastrointestinal & Anal Hospital), Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, Sun Yat-sen University Stomatologic Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University Ophthalmologic Center.

The First Affiliated Hospital, SYSU

The First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University was established in 1910, initially called the Affiliated Hospital of Guangdong Public Institution of Medicine. As a 3A hospital (the top level in China), the Hospital is the largest and the most comprehensive one among all affiliated hospitals of SYSU, as well as one of the largest hospitals in the country.

  • Sun Yat-sen University First Hospital is ranked #2 in "Top 10 General Hospital in China" rankings.

Sun Yat-Sen Memorial Hospital, SYSU

Founded as Ophthalmic Hospital in Canton by American Peter Parker in 1835. It originally dealt with diseases of the eye, but later treated other ailments. It later became the Canton Hospital.

Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center

Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center is a level III (highest rank in China) and class A hospital. It was awarded as “key subject of China” in 2001. In 1980, SYSUCC was designated as World Health Organization (WHO) Collaborating Center for research on cancer. Since 2003, SYSUCC became a sister institution of the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center. In 2004, SYSUCC has set up a joint laboratory with Karolinska Institutet of Sweden for research in immunotherapy, molecular virology and oncological epidemiology.

  • Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Centeris ranked #1 in "Top 10 Cancer Hospitals in China" rankings.

Sun Yat-sen University Ophthalmologic Center

Sun Yat-sen University Ophthalmologic Center is the first and leading advanced ophthalmic center and the last resort for advanced eye care in China, integrating eye care, teaching, eye research and blindness prevention. It is also one of the 20 largest general ophthalmic centers in the world. In 2006, Sun Yat-sen University Ophthalmic Center was approved to be the State Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology, the only one of its kind in China.

  • Sun Yat-sen University Ophthalmologic Center is ranked #1 in "Best Ophthalmologic Hospitals in China" rankings.

Sun Yat-sen University Libraries

The university's system of libraries is one of the largest in China. By December 2012, it held more than 6 million paper volumes, including periodicals.

The Hilles Collection

In June 2005, Harvard College Library of Harvard University donated 158,000 volumes in Hilles Library to Sun Yat-sen University. Developed over a century, the collection is composed of titles in the humanities and social sciences, primarily in English, but also in Western foreign languages.

Confucius Institutes

Sun Yat-sen University has established five Confucius Institutes since 2006:

  • The Confucius Institute at Ateneo de Manila University
  • The Confucius Institute in Indianapolis, established together with Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis
  • The Confucius Institute at Autonomous University of Yucatan
  • The Confucius Institute in Lyon, established together with Lumière University Lyon 2 and Jean Moulin University Lyon 3
  • The Confucius Institute at University of Cape Town.


Martin Hall

Essential Science Indicators (ESI)

According to statistics of the Essential Science Indicators (ESI) database from January 2003 to February 2013, the total number of citations of papers in 15 disciplines of Sun Yat-sen University entered global top 1%. Following Peking University, Sun Yat-sen University ranked 2nd in universities in China, tied with Fudan University, Shanghai Jiao Tong University and Zhejiang University. The 15 disciplines include Chemistry, Clinical Medicine, Physics, Biology and Biochemistry, Materials Science, Molecular Biology & Genetics, Engineering, Plant and Animal Science, Environment/Ecology, Pharmacology & Toxicology, Neuroscience & Behavior, Mathematics, Microbiology, Agricultural Sciences, and Social Sciences, General.

Nature Publishing Index (NPI)

Nature Publishing Index shows both Research Articles (Articles, Letters & Brief Communications) and Reviews, published in Nature and/or Nature research journals. The rankings are based on the number of papers that were published during the last 12 months. In time range of 01.07.2013-06.30.2014, Sun Yat-sen University is ranked #5 among Chinese Universities.

Postdoctoral Research Stations

Sun Yat-sen University has 39 postdoctoral research stations.


Sun Yat-sen University publishes altogether 25 scholarly journals, including

  • Acta Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Sunyatseni
  • Journey of Sun Yat-sen University Social Science Edition
  • Journey of Sun Yat-sen University (medical science)
  • Diagnostic Imaging & Interventional Radiology (in Chinese)
  • Modern Clinical Nursing (in Chinese)
  • New Medicine (in Chinese)
  • Chinese Journal of Nervous and Mental Diseases (in Chinese)
  • Chinese Journal of Cancer
  • Eye Science


North Campus(Sun Yat-sen College of Medical Science)
Zhuhai Campus
East Campus

At present, the university covers a total area of 6.17 square kilometers and has 5 campuses: Guangzhou South Campus, Guangzhou North Campus, Guangzhou East Campus, Shenzhen Campus and Zhuhai Campus.

Guangzhou South Campus

The south campus of Sun Yat-sen universities is one of the most 10 beautiful campuses in China. It is located in Haizhu District, Guangzhou, and covers a total area of 1.17 square kilometers. It mainly hosts disciplines in sciences and humanities.

Add: No. 135, Xingang Road West, Guangzhou 510275, P. R. China

Guangzhou North Campus

The North Campus is located in Yuexiu District, Guangzhou, and covers an area of 0.39 square kilometers. It is a campus mainly for disciplines in medical sciences.

Add: No. 74, Zhongshan 2nd Road, Guangzhou 510085, P. R. China

Guangzhou East Campus

The East Campus is located at the north end of the Guangzhou Higher Education Mega Center in Xiaoguwei, Panyu, and covers an area of 1.13 square kilometers. The Guangzhou University City is a major development made by the People’s Government of Guangdong Province in an effort to implement the strategy of building Guangdong through science and education. The first batch of students started school there in September 2004.

Add: Xiaoguwei Island, Panyu District, Guangzhou 510006, P. R. China

Zhuhai Campus

The Zhuhai Campus is located at Tang Jia Wan, Zhuhai City, and covers an area of 3.48 square kilometers. Freshmen and sophomores of some disciplines in liberal arts, natural sciences, and medical sciences are currently living and studying on campus with students from the School of Network Education and Continuing Education.

Add: Tang Jia Wan, Zhuhai 519082, P. R. China

Shenzhen Campus

The Shenzhen Campus is located at Guangming New District in Shenzhen City, and covers an area of 3.217 square kilometers, it's under construction from 2016 and proposed to open at September 2018.

Add: Guangming New District, Shenzhen 518107, P. R. China

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