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Suleiman II

Suleiman II Sultan of Rum

Sultan of Rum
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro Sultan of Rum
A.K.A. Suleymānshāh II
Is Sultan
Type Royals
Gender male
Death 1204
Father: Kilij Arslan II
Children: Kilij Arslan III
The details

Suleiman II, also known as Rukn ad-Din Suleiman Shah (Persian: رکن الدین سلیمان شاه‎), was the Seljuk Sultan of Rûm between 1196 and 1204.

Son of Kilij Arslan II, he overthrew his brother, Sultan Kaykhusraw I, and became sultan in 1196.

He fought neighbouring rulers and expanded the territories of the Sultanate. In 1201 he conquered Erzurum, giving it as a fief to Mughith al-Din Tugrulshah in 1202. Successful in the wars with the Byzantines, he was routed by the Georgians in the Battle of Basian of 1203.

He was succeeded by his son Kilij Arslan III in 1204–1205, after which Kaykhusraw I forced his way into Konya, removed Kilij from power and was enthroned for a second time.


  • Bosworth, C.E. (1996). The New Islamic Dynasties. Columbia University Press.
  • Peacock, A.C.S.; Yildiz, Sara Nur (2015). The Seljuks of Anatolia: Court and Society in the Medieval Middle East. I.B. Tauris.
  • Mikaberidze, Alexander, ed. (2011). "Battle of Basian (1203)". Conflict and Conquest in the Islamic World:An Historical Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO.
Preceded by
Kaykhusraw I
Sultan of Rûm
Succeeded by
Kilij Arslan III
The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 08 Mar 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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