|Intro||Count Palatine of Simmern and Zweibrücken|
|A.K.A.||Stephan von Pfalz-Simmern-Zweibrücken|
|Birth||23 June 1385, Electoral Palatinate, Holy Roman Empire|
|Death||14 February 1459, Simmern, Germany (aged 73 years)|
Stephen of Simmern-Zweibrücken (German: Stefan Pfalzgraf von Simmern-Zweibrücken) (23 June 1385 – 14 February 1459, Simmern) was Count Palatine of Simmern and Zweibrücken from 1410 until his death in 1459.
He was the son of King Rupert of Germany and his wife Elisabeth of Nuremberg. After the death of Rupert the Palatinate was divided between four of his surviving sons. Louis III received the main part, John received Palatinate-Neumarkt, Stephen received Palatinate-Simmern and Otto received Palatinate-Mosbach.
In 1410, Stephen married Anna of Veldenz, who died in 1439. After the death of Anna's father in 1444, Stephen also gained control of Veldenz and of the Veldenz share of Sponheim. In the same year, he also divided the country between his sons Frederick I, who became Count Palatine of Simmern, and Louis I, who became Count Palatine of Zweibrücken. In 1448 he succeeded to one part of Palatinate-Neumarkt and sold the other to his younger brother Otto.
He was buried in the Schlosskirche (German: palace church), formerly the church of the Knights Hospitallers in Meisenheim.
Family and children
Stefan of Simmern-Zweibrücken and Anna of Veldenz had issue:
- Anne (1413 – 12 March 1455)
- Margaret (1416 – 23 November 1426)
- Else (1420–1480), married to Michael von Corvey
- Frederick I (24 April 1417 – 29 November 1480)
- Rupert (1420 – 17 October 1478)
- Stephen (1421 – 4 September 1485)
- Louis I (1424 – 19 July 1489)
- John (1429–1475), Archbishop of Magdeburg