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Stephen, Count Palatine of Simmern-Zweibrücken

Stephen, Count Palatine of Simmern-Zweibrücken Count Palatine of Simmern and Zweibrücken

Count Palatine of Simmern and Zweibrücken
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro Count Palatine of Simmern and Zweibrücken
A.K.A. Stephan von Pfalz-Simmern-Zweibrücken
Countries Germany
Gender male
Birth 23 June 1385 (Electoral Palatinate)
Death 14 February 1459 (Simmern)
Star sign CancerCancer
Mother: Elisabeth of Nuremberg
Father: Rupert
Siblings: Margaret of the PalatinateElisabeth van de PaltsAgnes van de PaltsLouis III, Elector PalatineJohnOtto I (bishop)Ruprecht Pepijn van de Palts
Spouse: Anna of VeldenzCountess Palatine of Simmern-Zweibrücken
Children: Frederick I, Count Palatine of SimmernJohn of Palatinate-Simmern, Archbishop of MagdeburgStephan von Pfalz-SimmernRuprecht von Pfalz-Simmern Louis ICount Palatine of ZweibrückenAnne de Bavière
The details

Stephen of Simmern-Zweibrücken (German: Stefan Pfalzgraf von Simmern-Zweibrücken) (23 June 1385 – 14 February 1459, Simmern) was Count Palatine of Simmern and Zweibrücken from 1410 until his death in 1459.

He was the son of King Rupert of Germany and his wife Elisabeth of Nuremberg. After the death of Rupert the Palatinate was divided between four of his surviving sons. Louis III received the main part, John received Palatinate-Neumarkt, Stephen received Palatinate-Simmern and Otto received Palatinate-Mosbach.

In 1410, Stephen married Anna of Veldenz, who died in 1439. After the death of Anna's father in 1444, Stephen also gained control of Veldenz and of the Veldenz share of Sponheim. In the same year, he also divided the country between his sons Frederick I, who became Count Palatine of Simmern, and Louis I, who became Count Palatine of Zweibrücken. In 1448 he succeeded to one part of Palatinate-Neumarkt and sold the other to his younger brother Otto.

He was buried in the Schlosskirche (German: palace church), formerly the church of the Knights Hospitallers in Meisenheim.

Family and children

Stefan of Simmern-Zweibrücken and Anna of Veldenz had issue:

  1. Anne (1413 – 12 March 1455)
  2. Margaret (1416 – 23 November 1426)
  3. Else (1420–1480), married to Michael von Corvey
  4. Frederick I (24 April 1417 – 29 November 1480)
  5. Rupert (1420 – 17 October 1478)
  6. Stephen (1421 – 4 September 1485)
  7. Louis I (1424 – 19 July 1489)
  8. John (1429–1475), Archbishop of Magdeburg


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