Stanisław Kowalski (born April 14, 1910) is a Polish supercentenarian Masters athlete, competing in sprinting, shot put and discus.
Kowalski was born on April 14, 1910, in the village of Rogówek, then part of Congress Poland within the Russian Empire, where he lived until the end of the 1930s. After his marriage, he moved to Brzeźnica. In 1952, due to the broadening of the boundaries of the military training ground, he had to move out of his newly built house and live in Lower Silesia, in the village of Krzydlina Wielka, where he ran a small farm and worked as a railroad lineman. He has been living in Świdnica since 1979.
Kowalski comes from a long-living family; his mother lived to be 99. For decades, Kowalski rode to work on a bicycle regardless of the weather outside.
When he competed at the Polish Veterans Championships on June 28, 2015, in Toruń, Poland he became the world's oldest athlete. On that day, Kowalski ran the 100 metres in 34.50, threw the shot put 4.27 m (14 ft 0 in) and the discus 7.50 m (24 ft 7 ⁄4 in). By competing in those events, he surpassed the accomplishments of John Whittemore, who competed at 104 years 10 months. By virtue of his age being beyond 105 years old, he necessitates the creation of a new age division for World Masters Athletics, the M105 division of which he was the only member to have competed. Thus all of his performances are world records. M100 world record holder Hidekichi Miyazaki turned 105 on September 22, 2015 and two days later joined Kowalski as the second competitor in the division though Kowalski was 77 days older when he competed.
At the age of 104, Kowalski was lauded as the oldest person in Europe to run 100m after running a race in Wroclaw, Poland, on May 10, 2014 and became the European record holder in the event, beating the previous record by a second. He credits his longevity to never going to the physician and doing whatever he wants. He also says not to eat much during the evening.
Kowalski became the oldest living man in Poland after the death of 108 year old Józef Żurek on March 20, 2018. He became a supercentenarian on April 14, 2020.