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Sophia Eleonore of Saxony

Sophia Eleonore of Saxony

German duchess
The basics
Quick Facts
A.K.A. Sophie Eleonore von Sachsen
Gender female
Birth November 23, 1609 (Dresden)
Death June 2, 1671 (Darmstadt)
Mother: Duchess Magdalene Sibylle of Prussia
Father: John George IElector of Saxony
Siblings: John George IIElector of SaxonyMauriceDuke of Saxe-ZeitzAugustusDuke of Saxe-WeissenfelsChristian IDuke of Saxe-Merseburg
Spouse: George IILandgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
Children: Louis VILandgrave of Hesse-DarmstadtGeorge IIILandgrave of Hesse-ItterSophia Eleonore of Hesse-DarmstadtLandgravine Elisabeth Amalie of Hesse-DarmstadtAnna Sophia IIAbbess of QuedlinburgMarie Hedwig of Hesse-DarmstadtLouise Christine of Hesse-Darmstadt
The details

Sophia Eleonore of Saxony (23 November 1609 – 2 June 1671) was a Duchess (Herzogin) of Saxony by birth and the Landgravine of Hesse-Darmstadt from 1627 to 1661 through her marriage to Landgrave George II. She was the eldest surviving child of John George I, Elector of Saxony, and Magdalene Sibylle of Prussia. Her daughter Elisabeth Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt became Electress of the Palatinate.


She was born in Dresden. Her two sisters were Marie Elisabeth and Magdalene Sibylle. Her brothers were Johann Georg, August, Christian, and Maurice.

She married Landgrave Georg II of Hesse-Darmstadt on April 1, 1627 in Torgau, aged seventeen. They had fifteen children; she raised them as strict Lutherans. However, her daughter Elisabeth Amalie, later Electress Palatine, converted to Roman Catholicism in 1653.

She survived her husband by ten years and died in Darmstadt.


She had the following children with George II, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt:

  • Louis VI, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (1630–1678)
  • George, married Dorothea Augusta, Duchess of Holstein-Sonderborg; died in 1676 in Vöhl
  • John
  • Magdalene Sibylle
  • Sophia Eleonore, married William Christoph, Landgrave of Hessen-Homburg
  • Elisabeth Amalie, married Philipp Wilhelm, Elector Palatine
  • Louise Christine (1636–1697), married Christoph Louis, Count of Stolberg-Stolberg
  • Anna Maria
  • Anna Sophia, Princess-Abbess of Quedlinburg
  • Amalia Juliana
  • Stillborn daughter
  • Henrike Dorothea
  • Augusta Philippina
  • Agnes
  • Marie Hedwig (1647–1680), married Bernhard I, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen


16. Henry IV, Duke of Saxony
8. Augustus, Elector of Saxony
17. Catherine of Mecklenburg
4. Christian I, Elector of Saxony
18. Christian III of Denmark
9. Anna of Denmark
19. Dorothea of Saxe-Lauenburg
2. John George I, Elector of Saxony
20. Joachim II Hector, Elector of Brandenburg
10. John George, Elector of Brandenburg
21. Magdalena of Saxony
5. Sophie of Brandenburg
22. George, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach
11. Sabina of Brandenburg-Ansbach
23. Hedwig of Münsterberg-Oels
1. Sophia Eleonore of Saxony
24. Frederick I, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach
12. Albert, Duke of Prussia
25. Sophia of Poland
6. Albert Frederick, Duke of Prussia
26. Eric I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
13. Anna Marie of Brunswick-Lüneburg
27. Elisabeth of Brandenburg, Duchess of Brunswick-Calenberg-Göttingen
3. Magdalene Sibylle of Prussia
28. John III, Duke of Cleves
14. Wilhelm, Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg
29. Maria of Jülich-Berg-Ravensburg
7. Marie Eleonore of Cleves
30. Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor
15. Maria of Habsburg, Archduchess of Austria
31. Anna of Bohemia and Hungary

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