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Sixtus I

Sixtus IBiography, Pope

Pope
Sixtus I
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro Pope
A.K.A. Pope Sixtus I, Sixtus
Is Priest
From Italy
Type Religion
Gender male
Birth 42, Rome, Italy
Death Rome, Italy
Sixtus I
The details

Biography

Pope Sixtus I (42 – 124, 125, 126 or 128), a Roman of Greek descent, was the Bishop of Rome from c. 115 to his death c. 124. He succeeded Pope Alexander I and was in turn succeeded by Pope Telesphorus. His feast is celebrated on 6 April.

Biography

The Holy See's Annuario Pontificio (2012) identifies him as a Roman who served from 117 or 119 to 126 or 128. According to the Liberian Catalogue of popes, he served the Church during the reign of Hadrian "from the consulate of Niger and Apronianus until that of Verus III and Ambibulus", that is, from 117 to 126. Eusebius states in his Chronicon that Sixtus I was pope from 114 to 124, while his Historia Ecclesiastica, using a different catalogue of popes, claims his rule from 114 to 128. All authorities agree that he reigned about ten years.

Sixtus I instituted several Catholic liturgical and administrative traditions. Like most of his predecessors, Sixtus I was believed to have been buried near Peter's grave on Vatican Hill, although there are differing traditions concerning where his body lies today. In Alife, there is a Romanesque crypt, which houses the relics of Pope Sixtus I, brought there by Rainulf III.

He was a Roman by birth, and his father's name was Pastor. According to the Liber Pontificalis (ed. Duchesne, I.128), he passed the following three ordinances:

  • that none but sacred ministers are allowed to touch the sacred vessels;
  • that bishops who have been summoned to the Holy See shall, upon their return, not be received by their diocese except on presenting Apostolic letters;
  • that after the Preface in the Mass the priest shall recite the Sanctus with the people.

Alban Butler (Lives of the Saints, 6 April) states that Clement X gave some of his relics to Cardinal de Retz, who placed them in the Abbey of St. Michael in Lorraine. The Xystus who is commemorated in the Catholic Canon of the Mass is Xystus II, not Xystus I.

Title

The oldest documents use the spelling Xystus (from the Greek word for "polished") in reference to the first three popes of that name. Pope Sixtus I was also the sixth Pope after Peter, leading to questions as to whether the name "Sixtus" (meaning "sixth") might be fictitious.

The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 09 Mar 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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Reference sources
References
https://www.worldcat.org/oclc/7181392
https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Catholic_Encyclopedia_(1913)/Pope_St._Sixtus_I
https://web.archive.org/web/20100620020359/http://picasaweb.google.com/JuliannaLees/ChalivoyMilon
https://www.heiligenlexikon.de/BiographienS/Sixtus_I_Xystus.htm
http://www.documentacatholicaomnia.eu/01_01_0115-0125-_Sixtus_I,_Sanctus.html
https://d-nb.info/gnd/11922125X
http://isni.org/isni/0000000020110910
https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/nb2007022964
https://aleph.nkp.cz/F/?func=find-c&local_base=aut&ccl_term=ica=xx0025214&CON_LNG=ENG
https://viaf.org/viaf/816928
https://www.worldcat.org/identities/containsVIAFID/816928
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