|Known for||The German lesson|
|Was||Screenwriter Writer Journalist Children's writer Playwright|
|Field||Film, TV, Stage & Radio Journalism Literature|
|Birth||17 March 1926, Ełk, Poland|
|Death||7 October 2014, Hamburg, Germany (aged 88 years)|
Siegfried Lenz ([ˈziːkfʁiːt ˈlɛnts]; 17 March 1926 – 7 October 2014) was a German writer of novels, short stories and essays, as well as dramas for radio and the theatre. In 2000 he received the Goethe Prize on the 250th Anniversary of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's birth.
Siegfried Lenz was born in Lyck, East Prussia (now Ełk, Poland), the son of a customs officer. After graduating in 1943, he was drafted into the Kriegsmarine.
According to documents released in June 2007, he may have joined the Nazi Party at the age of 18 on 20 April 1944 along with several other German authors and personalities, such as Dieter Hildebrandt and Martin Walser. However, Lenz subsequently said he had been included in a collective "joining" of the Party without his knowledge. He was a soldier in the Germany army. Shortly before the end of World War II, he fled to Denmark as a deserter, and was held briefly as a prisoner of war in Schleswig-Holstein. He then worked as a translator for the British army.
At the University of Hamburg he studied philosophy, English, and literary history. His studies were cut off early when he became an intern for the daily newspaper Die Welt, where he served as an editor from 1950 to 1951. It was there he met his future wife, Liselotte whom he married in 1949.
In 1951, Lenz used the money he had earned from his first novel Habichte in der Luft ("Hawks in the air") to finance a trip to Kenya. During his time there, he wrote about the Mau Mau Uprising in his short story "Lukas, sanftmütiger Knecht" ("Luke, gentle servant"). After 1951 Lenz worked as a freelance writer in Hamburg, where he joined the Group 47 group of writers. Together with Günter Grass, he became engaged with the Social Democratic Party and championed the Ostpolitik of Willy Brandt. As a supporter of rapprochement with Eastern Europe he was invited to the signing of the Treaty of Warsaw (1970). In October 2011 he was made an honorary citizen of his home town Ełk, which had become Polish as a result of the border changes promulgated at the 1945 Potsdam Conference.
In 2003, Lenz joined the Verein für deutsche Rechtschreibung und Sprachpflege (Society for German Spelling and Language Cultivation) to protest the German orthography reform of 1996.
His wife Liselotte died in 2006 after 57 years of marriage. Four years later he married his 74-year-old neighbour Ulla, she helped him after the death of his wife. Siegfried Lenz died at the age of 88 on 7 October 2014 in Hamburg.
After his death, a previously unpublished novel, Der Überläufer ("The Turncoat"), which Lenz had written in 1951, was published. Found among his effects, it is a novel about a German soldier who defects to Soviet forces.
Romanian-German literary critic Gerhardt Csejka described Lenz as one of the German authors who saw it as his duty to help the German people "pay off the enormous debts", which "the Germans together with their ... Führer had burdened themselves." Lenz saw it as his obligation to "take preventive actions against any danger of a reoccurrence," Csejka said."
In 1988 Lenz was awarded with the Peace Prize of the German Book Trade, a prize given annually at the Frankfurt Book Fair. The Goethe Prize of Frankfurt am Main (Goethepreis der Stadt Frankfurt) was given to Lenz in 2000. A year later, Lenz was honored with the highest decoration of Hamburg, the honorary citizenship. In 2004 Lenz was named an honorary citizen of Schleswig Holstein, and in October 2011 an honorary citizen of his hometown Ełk (Lyck). In 2010 he won the Italian International Nonino Prize.
Siegfried Lenz Prize
The Siegfried Lenz Prize is a literary prize awarded every two years in Hamburg by the Siegfried Lenz Foundation. The prize is awarded to "international writers who have gained recognition with their narrative work and whose creative work is close to the spirit of Siegfried Lenz." A five-member jury appointed by the Foundation selects winners. The prize includes an award of 50,000 euros, ranking among the highest-endowed literature awards in Germany. The prize was initiated by Siegfried Lenz in 2014 before his death in October of that year.
- Es waren Habichte in der Luft (1951) OCLC 4181946
- Duell mit dem Schatten (1953) ISBN 978-3-455-04255-9
- Der Mann im Strom (1957) OCLC 5955470
- Brot und Spiele (1959) OCLC 4181935
- Deutschstunde (1960) OCLC 887072907 (English: The German Lesson, trans. E. Kaiser and E. Wilkins, 1968)
- Das Feuerschiff (1960) OCLC 1028271 (English: The Lightship, trans. M. Bullock, 1960)
- Stadtgespräch (1963) OCLC 360361
- Das Vorbild (1973) ISBN 978-3-4550-4238-2 (English: An Exemplary Life, trans. Douglas Parmée, 1976)
- Heimatmuseum (1978) ISBN 978-3-455-04222-1 (English: The Heritage, trans. Krishna Winston, 1983)
- Der Verlust (1981) ISBN 978-3-455-04244-3
- Exerzierplatz (1985) ISBN 978-3-455-04213-9 (English: Training Ground, trans. G. Skelton, 1991)
- Die Klangprobe (1990) ISBN 978-3-455-04248-1
- Die Auflehnung (1994) ISBN 978-3-455-04252-8
- Arnes Nachlass (1999) ISBN 978-3-455-04289-4
- Fundbüro (2003) ISBN 978-3-455-04280-1
- Der Überläufer (2016) ISBN 978-3-455-81402-6
Novellas and short story collections
- So zärtlich war Suleyken: masurische Geschichten (1955) – short stories OCLC 3570259
- Der Geist der Mirabelle: Geschichten aus Bollerup (1975) – short stories
- Die Erzählungen (2006) – short stories ISBN 3-455-04285-6 (First published by Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag: Vol. 1: 1949–1958. Vol 2: 1959–1964. Vol. 3: 1965–1984) (English: The Selected Stories of Siegfried Lenz, selections from Die Erzählungen, 1995)
- Schweigeminute (2008) – novella ISBN 978-3-455-04284-9
- Das schönste Fest der Welt (1956) OCLC 215017008
- Zeit der Schuldlosen. Zeit der Schuldigen. (1961) OCLC 8651536
- Das Gesicht (1964) OCLC 1250172
- Haussuchung (1967) OCLC 59690579
- Die Augenbinde (1970) OCLC 256912361
- Drei Stücke (1980) ISBN 978-3-455-04242-9
- Das Kabinett der Konterbande (1956) OCLC 8465256
- Jäger des Spotts. Geschichten aus dieser Zeit (1958) – Narratives OCLC 777022446
- Lukas, sanftmütiger Knecht (1958) OCLC 221865117
- Stimmungen der See (1962) OCLC 950463
- Lehmanns Erzählungen, oder So schön war mein Markt: aus den Bekenntnissen eines Schwarzhändlers (1964) OCLC 60240089
- Der Spielverderber (1965) OCLC 263613364
- Leute von Hamburg (1968) OCLC 257975222
- Einstein überquert die Elbe bei Hamburg (1975) ISBN 978-3-455-04227-6
- Ein Kriegsende (1984) ISBN 978-3-455-04212-2
- Das serbische Mädchen (1987) ISBN 978-3-455-04245-0
- Ludmilla (1996) ISBN 978-3-455-04256-6
- Zaungast (2004) ISBN 978-3-455-04278-8
Essays, children's books, speeches
- 1970 Beziehungen, Essay
- 1971 Die Herrschaftssprache der CDU, Speech
- 1971 Verlorenes Land – Gewonnene Nachbarschaft, Speech
- 1971 So war das mit dem Zirkus, Children's book
- 1980 Gespräche mit Manès Sperber und Leszek Kołakowski
- 1982 Über Phantasie: Gespräche mit Heinrich Böll, Günter Grass, Walter Kempowski, Pavel Kohout
- 1983 Elfenbeinturm und Barrikade. Erfahrungen am Schreibtisch, Essay
- 1986 Geschichte erzählen – Geschichten erzählen, Essay
- 1992 Über das Gedächtnis. Reden und Aufsätze, Speeches and essays collection
- 1998 Über den Schmerz, Essay
- 2001 Mutmassungen über die Zukunft der Literatur, Essay
- 2006 Selbstversetzung, Über Schreiben und Leben, ISBN 3-455-04286-4
- 2014 Gelegenheit zum Staunen. Ausgewählte Essays, ed. by Heinrich Detering. Hoffmann und Campe Verlag, ISBN 978-3-455-40493-7