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Şehzade Mehmed: Ottoman prince, son of Suleiman the Magnificent (1521 - 1582) | Biography, Facts, Information, Career, Wiki, Life
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Şehzade Mehmed
Ottoman prince, son of Suleiman the Magnificent

Şehzade Mehmed

Şehzade Mehmed
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro Ottoman prince, son of Suleiman the Magnificent
Was Politician
From Ottoman Empire
Field Politics
Gender male
Birth 1521, Ottoman Empire; Constantinople, Byzantine Empire
Death 1582, Istanbul, Turkey (aged 61 years)
Family
Mother: Hürrem Sultan
Father: Suleiman the Magnificent
Siblings: Mihrimah SultanSelim IIŞehzade MustafaŞehzade BayezidŞehzade AbdullahŞehzade MuradŞehzade Cihangir
Spouse: Esmehan Baharnaz Sultan
Children: Hümaşah Sultan
The details (from wikipedia)

Biography

Şehzade Mehmed (Ottoman Turkish: شهزاده محمد‎; 1521 – 6 November 1543) was an Ottoman prince (şehzade), son of Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent and Hürrem Sultan.

Life

Şehzade Mehmed was born in 1521 at the Topkapı Palace in Istanbul, while his father campaigned at the Siege of Rhodes (1522). In 1537 he joined his father on his campaign at the Siege of Corfu. And in 1541 he and his younger brothers, Şehzade Selim and Şehzade Bayezid, accompanied their father on his campaign to the Siege of Buda. Mehmed also participated in the successful Siege of Esztergom alongside his father in 1543.

He was assigned to rule the sanjak of Manisa in 1541 after his half-brother Şehzade Mustafa was sent to Amasya from there. This shows how much Suleiman favoured Mehmed over Mustafa, and suggests that the sultan intended to make Mehmed the heir-apparent to the throne. Mehmed's only child, Hümaşah Sultan, was born (1540 or 1541) in Manisa.

Death

Şehzade Mehmed died on 6 November 1543 at the Manisa Palace in Manisa, probably of smallpox. According to other opinions, as being constantly favoured by the sultan over his half-brother Mustafa, Mahidevran Sultan (mother of the latter) planned his death. It is worth noting that Mehmed died the same year he went to battle along his father at the Siege of Esztergom. After his death, his body was taken to Istanbul for burial. Later in 1544, his younger brother Selim (the future Selim II), replaced him as the governor of Manisa.

Afterward, Suleiman had the famed imperial architect Mimar Sinan build the Şehzade Mosque in Istanbul to commemorate his death, the mosque will later be Mehmed's final resting place. Also, Suleiman composed an elegy for his beloved son and ended the poem with the line "Most distinguished of the princes, my Sultan Mehmed" in which the total numerical value is the year of his son's death. The fact that Mehmed's death offered Suleiman his first major opportunity to serve as an architectural patron may also have given later Ottomans reason to believe that Mehmed was the favored one. The fact that Suleiman had not only commissioned a mosque for Mehmed, but have it built in Istanbul as if he was a sultan (given that şehzade were buried in Bursa according to the custom) reflected how much the sultan loved his son.

In popular culture

In the television series Muhteşem Yüzyıl, Mehmed is played by Turkish actor Gürbey İleri.

The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 27 Apr 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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