Hazrat Khwaja Sayyid Mir Jan Shah Saheb ibn Hasan Kabuli-Naqshbandi(Arabic: سيد مير جان شاه صاحب ابن حسن كابلى-نقشبندى) (born in Kabul, Afghanistan in year 1800, died in year 1901 in Lahore) is an Afghan Sufi saint from Kabul.
Sayyid Mir Jan was a Sayyid (a descendant of Muhammad through his daughter Fatimah and his cousin Ali ibn Abi Talib), both maternally and paternally. Among his paternal ancestors were seven of the Twelve Imams, and among his maternal ancestors were eleven of the Twelve Imams and Sayyid Bahauddin Naqshband, Sayyid Alauddin Atar, and Khwaja Khawand Mahmud (also known as Hazrat Eshan) also. After the Battle of Karbala, the Ahl al-Bayt went back to Medina. From there Musa al Kazim went to Iraq. The descendants of Musa al Kazim's son Hamza went to Persia. After that some immigrated to Bokhara and after that to Kabul, where Sayyid Mir Jan was born.
Sayyid Mir Jan was the second son of Sayyid Mir Hasan. Both his older brother (named Khwaja Sayyid Mir Fazlullah) and younger brother (named Sayyid Mir Mahmud) are regarded Sufi saints as well. His younger brother was also his disciple, eventually becoming a qutb one rank below Sayyid Mir Jan. Other siblings included two brothers named Sayyid Mir Azimullah and Khwaja Sayyid Mir Taqiqullah, and five sisters. Sayyid Mir Jan married his wife in Medinah, and had 2 sons. His wife and his sons died during a natural disaster. Left with living biological progeny, he named the children of his older brother Mir Fazlullah as his heirs.
The lineage of Hazrat Sayyid Mir Jan´s family is the following:
- 1 Muhammad
- 2 Ali and Fatima Al Zahra
- 3 Imam Hussain Shaheede Reza
- 4 Imam Ali Zayn al-Abidin
- 5 Imam Muhammad al Baqir
- 6 Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq
- 7 Imam Musa al Kazim
- 8 Abu Qasim Sayyid Mir Hamza
- 9 Sayyid Mir Qasim
- 10 Sayyid Mir Ahmad
- 11 Sayyid Mir Muhammad
- 12 Sayyid Mir Ismail Muhammad Hakim
- 13 Khwaja Sayyid Mir Latif
- 14 Khwaja Sayyid Mir Muhammad
- 15 Khwaja Sayyid Mir Kulal
- 16 Khwaja Sayyid Mir Ahmad
- 17 Khwaja Sayyid Mir Hashim
- 18 Khwaja Sayyid Mir Mustaali
- 19 Khwaja Sayyid Mir Dost Ali
- 20 Khwaja Sayyid Mir Muhammad Latif
- 21 Khwaja Sayyid Mir Abdullah
- 22 Khwaja Sayyid Mir Muhammad Shamah
- 23 Khwaja Sayyid Mir Latifullah
- 24 Khwaja Sayyid Mir Ruhollah
- 25 Khwaja Sayyid Mir Baitullah
- 26 Khwaja Sayyid Mir Nimatullah
- 27 Khwaja Sayyid Mir Azimullah
- 28 Khwaja Sayyid Mir Muhammad Hasan
- 29 Khwaja Sayyid Mir Fazlullah, brother of Hazrat Khwaja Sayyid Mir Jan
- 30 Sayyid Mir Muhammad Jan
- 31 Sayyida Bibi Rahima Sadat
- 32 Sultan Masood Dakik
- 33 Sayyid Mir Raphael Dakik, Sayyid Mir Matin Dakik, Sayyid Mir Hamid Dakik
Early Life and education
Sayyid Mir Jan showed much love for God and Muhammad as a child. It is said that he was illuminated at the age of 5 years. His father Sayyid Mir Hasan was also a high ranking saint, who used to teach his sons about Sunni Islam and Sufism. Sayyid Mir Jan was educated in Kabul and became a professor of Islamic theology. Later he has built his own university in Lahore. Sayyid Mir Jan and his brother Sayyid Mahmud also wrote poems.
After his education in Kabul, Sayyid Mir Jan went on a spiritual journey and became the successor to many Sufi Saints who had trained him in Sufism. Sayyid Mir Jan Shah Saheb became khalifa(master) of 7 Sufi tariqats, including tariqats of the Naqshbandi, Qadiriyya, Chishtiyya, Suhrawardiyya, Qalandariyya, Kubrawiyya, and Madariyya orders. He stayed in Medina for a decade to be trained by one of his masters, and while there married a local woman. Later, he traveled to Lahore to the tomb of Hazrat Khwaja Khawand Mahmud, also known as Hazrat Eshan. Hazrat Eshan was a Sufi saint from Bukhara, whose wilayat was also in Lahore. Eshan's successors included his two sons Moinuddin Naqshband in Kashmir and Bahauddin in Lahore and their descendants until the late 18th century, by which time the lineage was lost. According to a legend, Hazrat Eshan made prophecies about Sayyid Mir Jan, naming him as his successor to revive his lineage.
Sayyid Mir Jan was Qutb ul Aqtab, also called ghawth, the highest ranking Wali Allah (saint) of his time. In Sufism the Ghawth is known as the cosmic leader of the whole universe and righteous successor of prophet Muhammad. His lineage is claimed by his followers to be the only legitimate line for the next Ghawth after him.