Satish Vasant Alekar (born 30 January 1949) is a Marathi playwright, actor, and theatre director. A founder member of the Theatre Academy of Pune, and most known for his plays Mahanirvan (1974), Mahapoor (1975), Atirekee (1990), Pidhijat (2003), Mickey ani Memsahib (1973), and Begum Barve (1979), all of which he also directed for the Academy. Today, along with Mahesh Elkunchwar and Vijay Tendulkar he is one of the most influential and progressive playwrights not just in modern Marathi theatre, but also larger modern Indian theatre.
He has also remained the head of Centre for Performing Arts, University of Pune (1996–2009), which he founded, after forgoing the Directorship of NSD and previously remained an adjunct professor at various universities in US, at the Duke University, Durhum, NC (1994), Performance Studies, Tisch School of the Arts, New York University as a Fulbright Scholar (2003). and Dept. Theatre and Film Studies, University of Georgia, Athens, GA (2005)
He was awarded the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award in Playwriting (Marathi) in 1994, by Sangeet Natak Akademi, India's National Academy of Music, Dance and Drama. He received the award "Padamshree" (पद्मश्री) conferred by the President of India in January 2012. Since 2013 Satish Alekar is nominated by Savitribai Phule Pune University as Distinguished Professor on the campus. Recently he is also known for his screen acting both in Marathi and Hindi feature films. He is seen in the character roles of award winning films like Ventilator (2016). '
Early life and education
Alekar was born in Delhi, India, but grew up in Pune, a center of Marathi culture in Maharashtra. He studied in Marathi medium school 'New English School', Ramanbag which was established in 1880 by Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak. Further he went to Fergusson College and completed his BSc He received his master's degree in biochemistry from University of Pune in 1972
Alekar gained his first stage experience as an actor in a college play. Impressed by his performance, director Bhalba Kelkar, who had set up the Progressive Dramatic Association, invited him to join it. Alekar wrote and directed his first one-act play Jhulta Pool in 1969. He became a part of a young circle that Jabbar Patel had started within the Progressive Dramatic Association.
This group split with the parent body in 1973 and set up Theater Academy in Pune. The split was over Vijay Tendulkar's play Ghashiram Kotwal. The senior members decided against its premiere in 1972, and Patel's group decided to produce it under the auspices of its own Theater Academy. Alekar assisted Patel in the direction of Ghashiram Kotwal, and the group has since mounted over 35 plays by him and manage to establish its foothold in experimental Marathi theatre.
Alekar conceived of and implemented Playwrights Development Scheme and Regional Theater Group Development. The Ford Foundation for Theater Academy, Pune supported these programs during 1985–1994.
Alekar has collaborated in several international play translation projects. The Tisch School of Arts at New York University invited him in 2003 to teach a course on Indian Theatre. The Department of Theater and Films Studies, University of Georgia invited him in 2005 to direct an English production of his play Begum Barve.
The Holy Cow Performing Arts Group in Edinburgh, Scotland performed an English version of Alekar's Micky And Memsahib on 27 and 28 August 2009 at Riddle's Court in Edinburgh Fringe Festival '09.
During July 1996 – January 2009, Alekar worked as a professor and the Head of the Center for Performing Arts(Lalit Kala Kendra) at University of Pune. Previously he was a research officer in Biochemistry at the government-run B. J. Medical College, Pune.He was working as the Honorary Director for a program supported by Ratan Tata Trust at the University of Pune during 2009–2011. In September 2013 University of Pune honoured Satish Alekar by nominating him as Distinguished Professor on the campus. University of Pune is the first state University in India to nominate Distinguished Professors on the campus.
List of original Marathi मराठी plays written since 1973
- Micki Aani Memsaheb मिकी आणि मेमसाहेब (1973)*
- Mahanirvan महानिर्वाण (1974)*
- Mahapoor महापूर (1975)
- Begum Barve बेगम बर्वे (1979)*
- Shanwar Raviwar शनवार रविवार (1982)*
- Dusra Samana दुसरा सामना (1987)
- Atireki अतिरेकी (1990)*
- Pidhijat पिढीजात (2003)*
- Ek Divas Mathakade एक दिवस मठाकडे (2012)
* Plays directed by Satish Alekar for Theatre Academy, Pune.
- Mahapoor (1975) Directed by Mohan Gokhale for Theatre Academy, Pune
- Dusra Samna (1987) Directed by Waman Kendre for Kala Vaibhav, Mumbai
- Em Divas Mathakade (2012) Directed by Nipun Dharmadhikari for Natak Company, Pune
List of original Marathi मराठी one-act plays
- Memory मेमरी (1969)
- Bhajan भजन (1969)
- Ek Zulta Pool एक झुलता पूल (1971)*
- Dar Koni Ughadat Naahi दर कोणी उघडत नाही (1979)
- Bus Stop बस स्टॅाप (1980)
List of adapted/translated one-act plays
- Judge जज्ज (1968)
- Yamuche Rahasya यमुचे रहस्य (1976)
- Bhint भिंत (1980)*
- Valan वळण(1980)*
- Alshi Uttarvalyachi Gosht आळशी अत्तरवाल्याची गोष्ट (1999)**
- Nashibvan Baiche Don नशीबवान बाईचे दोन (1999)**
- Supari सुपारी (2002)
- Karmaachari कर्मचारी (2009)
** Directed by Satish Alekar for Lalit Kala Kendra ललित कला केंद्र (Centre For Performing Arts, University of Pune)
* Directed for Theatre Academy, Pune
Alekar started writing at the age of 19 as a chemistry graduation, though most of his early work were short plays. Many of his plays are set around Pune Brahmin society, highlighting their narrow mindedness and subsequently he ventured into small town politics with Doosra Samna (1989). Mahanirvan (1973) (The Dread Departure) finds black humour through Hindu death rites in Brahmins and its overt seriousness is today Alekar's best-known early work and has since been performed in Bengali, Hindi, Dongri, Konkani and Gujarati. It was originally a one-act play and he had later expanded it at Patel's insistence. It was first staged on 22 November 1974 at the Bharat Natya Mandir, by the Theatre Academy, Pune and was revived in 1999 for its 25th anniversary, and was performed at the same venue, with most of the original cast intact.
Mickey Ani Memsaheb (1974) was his first full-length script. With the exception of his Mahapoor (1975), he directed all of his own plays. Alekar's Begum Barve (1979) is regarded as a classic of contemporary Marathi theatre. It deals with the eponymous female impersonator's memories and fantasies. After his musical company closed down, a minor singer-actor starts selling incense sticks on the street and gets exploited by his employer. One day his fantasies get enmeshed with those of a pair of clerks who were his regular customers, and those fantasies get almost fulfilled. The play staged in Rajasthani, Punjabi, Gujarati, Bengali, Konkani, Tamil and Kannada. In 2009, 30 years after its first production, the play returned to Mumbai with its original cast of Chandrakant Kale, and Mohan Aghashe.
Alekar's other plays are Bhajan, Bhinta, Walan, Shanivar-Ravivar (1982), Dusra Samna (1987), and Atireki (1990). The first three are one-act plays. Atireki is marked by irony, wit, and tangential take-offs from absurd premises. In January 2011 a book of short plays translated/adapted into Marathi by Satish Alekar published by M/s Neelkanth Prakashan, Pune under the title "Adharit Ekankika".
Two Crtique published on plays Mahanirvan (Dread Departure) and Begum Barve in Marathi:
1) "Mahanirvan: Sameeksha aani Sansmarne" (महानिर्वाण समिक्षा आणि संस्मरणे) (A volume of critique in Marathi on the play ' Mahanirvan'-Dread Departure Edited by Dr. Rekha Inmadar-Sane published by M/s Rajhans Prakashan, Pune, I Edition Dec 1999, II Edition March 2008, ISBN 81-7434-165-X, Pages: 254, Price Rs.250/-) The volume first published in 1999 to mark the 25th year run of the production of the play produced by Theatre Academy, Pune directed by Satish Alekar. Volume included 90 pages of the extensive interview of the playwright Satish Alekar.
2) "Begum Barve Vishayee" (बेगम बर्वे विषयी) (About the play Begum Barve) Edited by Dr. Rekha Inamdar-Sane published in June 2010 ISBN 978-81-7434-501-1 by M/s Rajhans Prakashan, Pune, Pages 169, Price: Rs. 200/- The books has nine articles analysing the text and the performance written by well-known theatre scholars.
Acting Reading Performance
Aparichit Pu La (अपरिचित पु.लं.), (2018) a 90 mints acting reading programme on the lesser known writings of the legendary writer, performer P. L. Deshpande पु.ल.देशपांडे (1919-2000) produced by Shabda Vedh,Pune (शब्द वेध,पुणे) to mark the birth centenary of the writer, conceived by Chandrakant Kale, cast: Satish Alekar, Chandrakant Kale and Girish Kulkarni. First show was performed in Pulotsav on November 22, 2018 at Balgamdharva Ranga Mandir, Pune. Since opening of the show in November 2018, performances were staged in Pune, Solapur,Ratnagiri and Mumbai.
Alekar scripted the National Film Award winning Marathi feature film Jait Re Jait in 1977, directed by Jabbar Patel, and later he directed a 13-part Hindi TV serial Dekho Magar Pyarse for Doordarshan in 1985. He scripted the dialogues for the Marathi feature film Katha Don Ganpatravanchi in 1995–96.
Writing for Marathi newspaper
Written a fortnightly column in Marathi for Sunday edition of Loksatta 'Gaganika' January–December 2015. Column is based on Satish Alekar's journey in to Performing Arts since 1965. The coloumn became popular and now the book "Gaganika" (pages 260+12+ 8 P photos, Hb Rs. 375/- Pb Rs. 300/-based on the column is published on April 30, 2017 by M/s Rajahans Prakashan, Pune 411030.([email protected] Tel: +91-20-24473459)
Awards and recognition
Some of Alekar's plays have been translated and produced in Hindi, Bengali, Tamil, Dogri, Kannada, Gujarati, Rajasthani, Punjabi, and Konkani. His plays have been included in the National Anthologies published in 2000–01 by the National School of Drama and Sahitya Akademi, Delhi.
Alekar is the recipient of several national and state awards for his contribution to the field of Theater and Literature.
- In 1974 his collection of short plays "Zulta Pool (झुलता पूल" received best collection of short plays award from Ministry of Culture, Govt. of Maharashtra.
- In 1975 he received Late Ram Ganesh Gadkari award from the State of Maharashtra for his play Mahanirvan (महानिर्वाण).
- He received Nandikar Sanman at Calcutta in 1992.
- He received fellowships from the Asian Cultural Council, New York in 1983 to study theatre in the US, and from the Ford Foundation to study Theatre of South Asia in 1988.
- He received in 1994 a Sangeet Natak Akademi Award for play writing from Sangeet Natak Akademi, Delhi (संगीत नाटक अकादमी, दिल्ली).
- Received State Award Best Actor in Comedy Role played in Marathi film Katha Don Ganpatravanchi (कथा दोन गणपतरावांची ), Directed by Arun Khopkar (1997)
- Received Vi Va Shirwadkar award (Poet Kusumagraj) for playwriting by Natya Parishad, Nasik in 2007
- Received Life Time Achievement felicitation (जीवन गौरव) by Akhil Bharatiya Marathi Natya Parishad, Mumbai in Feb 2012
- He received the award "Padamshree" (पद्मश्री) conferred by the President of India in January 2012.
- In December 2013 Satish Alekar received Balaraj Sahani Memorial Award (बलराज सहानी स्मृती पुरस्कार) in Pune for his contribution over last 40 years as a playwright, director and actor.
- In 2014 he was awarded Poet and Playwright "Aarati Prabhu Award (कवि आरती प्रभू )" by Baba Vardam Theatres, Kudal, Dist. Sindhudurg.
- 2017 Tanveer Sanman (तन्वीर सन्मान) Prestigious national award for the life time contribution to the field of Theatre constituted by veteran actor Dr. Shriram Lagoo through Rupavedh Pratisthan, Pune. Award function was held in Pune on December 9, 2017.
- 2018 Book GAGANIKA (गगनिका) received Advt Tryambakrao Shirole award for best non fiction (उत्कृष्ट ललित गद्य) by Maharashtra Sahitya Parishad, Pune
Natakkar Satish Alekar (Playwright Satish Alekar), a 90-minute film by Atul Pethe about Alekar's life and work was released in 2008.
- The dread departure (Mahanirvan), tr. by Gauri Deshpande. Seagull Books, 1989. ISBN 81-7046-059-X.
- Begum Barve. Translated by Shanta Gokhale. Seagull Books. 2003. ISBN 81-7046-208-8.
- "Collected Plays of Satish Alekar. OUP, Delhi 2009, ISBN 978-0-19-806023-9"
- "Collected Plays of Satish Alekar"
Acting in plays
- 1971: As young Man in a short play "Ek Zulta Pool" directed by himself for Intercollegiate Short Play Competition
- 1974: As the son "Nana" in play "Mahanirvan" directed by himself for Theatre Academy, Pune in more than 100 shows
- 1979: As Javadekar in play "Begum Barve" directed by himselh for Theatre Academy, Pune
- 1982: Short play "Boat Futli" Directed by Samar Nakhate for Theatre Academy, Pune.
- 1980: As husband in "Shanwar Raviwar" directed by himself for Theatre Academy, Pune
Acting in Hindi films (character roles)
- Ye Kahani Nahi (1984) Dir. Biplav Rai Chowdhary
- Dumkata (2007) Dir. Amol Palekar
- Aiyaa (2012) Dir. Sachin Kundalkar
- Dekh Tamasha Desk (2014) Dir. Feroz Abbas Khan
- Thackeray- A biopic on Shiv Sena Founder Balasaheb Thackeray (2018) as Jayprakash Narayan Dir by Abhijit Panse (released on Jan 23, 2019)
- '83 (2019) a film on Indian Cricket Team's win in 1983 World Cup as Sheshrao Wankhede, Dir Kabir Khan, Produced by Vishnuvardhan Induri and Madhu Mantena Varma (to be released on April 20, 2020)
Acting in Marathi films (character roles)
- Aakrit (1981) Dir. Amol Palekar
- Umbartha (1982) Dir. Jabbar Patel
- Dhyas Parva (2001)Dir Amol Palekar
- Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar (1991) Dir. Jabbar Patel
- Ek Hota Vidushak (1992) Dir. Jabbar Patel
- Katha Don Ganpatravaanchee (1996) Dir. Arun Khopkar (role of Judge which was awarded for the Best Actor (Comedy), Govt. of Maharashtra)
- Kadachit (2007) as a Neurosurgeon Dir. Chandrakant Kulkarni
- Chintoo (2012), as Colonel Kaka, Dir.Shrirang Godbole
- Chintoo 2 (Khajinyachi Chittarkatha) as Colonel Kaka 2013 Dir.Shrirang Godbole
- Hovoon Jaudyaa- We Are On! (2013) Dir. Amol Palekar
- Mhais (2013) Dir. Shekhar Naik
- Aajachaa Diwas Maazaa (2013) Dir. Chandrakant Kulkarni
- Yeshwantrao Chavan – Katha Eka Vadalachi (2014) Dir. Jabbar Patel
- Deul Band (2015) Dir. Praveen Tarade
- Welcome Zindagi (2015) Dir. Umesh Ghadge
- High Way (2015) Dir: Umesh Kulkarni
- Rajwade and Sons as Rajwade (2015) Dir. Sachin Kundalkar
- Jaudyana Balasaheb! (2015) Dir. Girish Kulkarni (Released in October 2016 through Zee Cinema)
- Ventilator (film)(2016) Movie as Bhau, Dir. Rajesh Mapuskar, Produced by Priyanka Chopra, World Premier on Oct 23, 2016 during MAMI Festival in Mumbai (National Awardee Film)
- Chi. Va. Chi. Sou. Ka (2017) as Bhudargadkar, Dir. Paresh Mokashi, Produced by Zee Cinema (released on May 19, 2017)
- Mala Kahich Problem Naahi as Father (2017) Dir. Sameer Vidhwans, Produced by Filmy Keeda Entertainment, Mumbai (released on August 11, 2017)
- Mee Shivaji Park (2017) as Satish Joshi, Dir. Mahesh Waman Manjrekar, Produced by Gouri Films, Pune (Released on October 18, 2018)
- Thackeray (2018) Biopic film on Balasaheb Thackeray (Hindi/Marathi) as Jayprakash Narayan, Dir Abhijit Panse, Produced by Raut'Ters Entertainment (released on Jan 23, 2019)
- Bhai: Vyakti ki Valli Part I (2018) a Biopic (made in two parts) on Pu La Deshpande as Ramakant Deshpande Dir Mahesh Manjrekar Produced by The Great Maratha Entertainment (released on Jan 4, 2019)
- Bhai: Vyakti ki Valli Part II (2018) a Biopic on Pu La Deshpande as Ramakant Deshpande Dir Mahesh Manjrekar Produced by The Great Maratha Entertainment (Released on Feb 8, 2019)
- Smile Please (2019) as Appa Joshi (father), Directed by Vikrum Phadnis Produced by Nisha Shah and Sanika Gandhi.( released on July 19, 2019)
- " Panchak " 2019) as Bal Kaka. Directed by Jayant Jathar, Produced by RnM Films (by Shriram Nene and Madhuri Dixit) to be leased in May 2020
Acting in TV commercials and Short Films
- TV Cable Co.: Tata Sky (2010)
- Car: Honda Ameze (2013)for Appostophe, Mumbai
- Cell Phone Company:Idea -Telephone Exchange (2013) for Chrome Pictures, Mumbai
- New York Life Insurance (2012)
- Online Purchase : SNAPDEAL (2016) for Chrome Pictures,Mumbai
- Fiama Di Willis Body Wash (2018) for Apostrophe Films, Mumbai Dir Kaushik Sarkar Link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-WZyvU0n68k
- Reunion Episode 3 Language: Marathi (2018) Pickle Brand Presented by Ravetkar Group, Pune Dir Varun Narvekar (short Film) Link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d5uzHiMeMAc
- maateech swapna मातीचं स्वप्न (2018) a short film in Marathi for Chitale Bandhu Mithaiwale (चितळे बंधू) , Produced by Multimedia Tools,Pune Directed by Varun Narvekar
- Retake (2018) : A three minutes short film made about the awareness for early treatment in Brain Stroke made by Ruby Hall Clinic, Pune Link: https://we.tl/b-rK1ziDEpDH
- रुची पालट/Fusion Food/ Chitale Bandhoo (2019): for Chitale Bandhoo, Pune Link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9vnnp5zq0zY