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Rudolf von Roth

Rudolf von Roth

German Indologist
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro German Indologist
A.K.A. Rudolph von Roth, Walter Rudolph Roth, Walter Rudolf Roth, Rudolph Roth
Countries Germany
Occupations Librarian University teacher Translator
Gender male
Birth 3 April 1821 (Stuttgart)
Death 23 June 1895 (Tübingen)
Star sign Aries
Education University of Tübingen
The details
Biography

Rudolf von Roth (born Walter Rudolph Roth, 3 April 1821 – 23 June 1895) was a German Indologist, founder of the Vedic philology. His chief work is a monumental Sanskrit dictionary, compiled in collaboration with Otto von Böhtlingk.

Biography

Roth was born in Stuttgart and educated at the universities of Tübingen and Berlin. He continued his studies in Paris and London, and in 1848 was appointed as extraordinary professor of Oriental languages in Tübingen University, becoming a full professor and principal librarian in 1856. He died in 1895 in Tübingen.

Works

His chief work is the monumental Sanskrit Wörterbuch (Sanskrit dictionary, 7 vols., Saint Petersburg, 1853–1895), compiled in collaboration with Otto von Böhtlingk and published by the Saint Petersburg Academy of Sciences. He edited Yaska's Nirukta (1852) and, with Whitney, the Atharva Veda (1856–1857).

A list of Roth's main writings, and further sources on his life and work, can be found in the article "German Indology."

The original works of Roth include: Zur Litteratur und Geschichte des Veda (On the literature and history of the Veda, 1846), a ground-breaking work on Vedic scholarship and research; Ueber den Mythus von den fünf Menschengeschlechtern ("On the myth of the five races of humans", 1860); Ueber die Vorstellung vom Schicksal in der indischen Sprachweisheit ("On the representation of fate in Indian wisdom literature", 1866); Der Atharva-Veda in Kaschmir (1875); and Ueber Yaçna 31 (1876).

Roth was made an honorary member of the Asiatic Society of Calcutta.

Although more progressive than an earlier generation of Protestant theologians, Roth was also deeply enmeshed in theology. Adluri and Bagchee argue that his newly created discipline of a so-called "universal history of religions" (allgemeine Religionsgeschichte) nominally secularized the discourse on religions, at the same time as it institutionalized Protestant ideas of religion (e.g., the idea of religious degeneracy, requiring a reformation to restore the true religion). Roth was additionally responsible for much of the criticisms of the tradition and anti-Brahmanism characteristic of German Indology.

The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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References
http://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb12408455f
http://isni.org/isni/0000000079804044
http://socialarchive.iath.virginia.edu/ark:/99166/w6cg1xz5
http://www.oxfordbibliographies.com/view/document/obo-9780195399318/obo-9780195399318-0147.xml?rskey=d2LHGG&result=25
https://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb12408455f
https://d-nb.info/gnd/119195836
https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n93009135
https://viaf.org/viaf/102330097
https://www.academia.edu/9924667/Introduction_to_The_Nay_Science
https://www.idref.fr/074347950
https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Q67420
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