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Rudolf Schlechter

Rudolf Schlechter

German taxonomist, botanist and orchidologist
Rudolf Schlechter
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro German taxonomist, botanist and orchidologist
A.K.A. Schltr., Friedrich Richard Rudolf Schlechter
Was Curator Scientist Botanist
From Germany
Type Arts Science
Gender male
Birth 16 October 1872, Berlin, Margraviate of Brandenburg
Death 16 November 1925, Berlin, Margraviate of Brandenburg (aged 53 years)
Star sign LibraLibra
Residence Germany, Germany
The details

Biography

Friedrich Richard Rudolf Schlechter (16 October 1872 – 16 November 1925) was a German taxonomist, botanist, and author of several works on orchids.

He went on botanical expeditions in Africa, Indonesia, New Guinea, South and Central America and Australia.

His vast herbarium was destroyed during the bombing of Berlin in 1945.

Early life

Rudolf Schlechter was born on 16 October 1872 in Berlin, the third of six children. His father Hugo Schlechter was a lithographer. After finishing school at the Friedrich Wilhelm Gymnasium he started a horticulture education, first at the gardening market of Mrs. Bluth and then at the University of Berlin garden. There he worked as an assistant till the autumn of 1891.

Career

Rudolf Schlechter began his career of botanical fieldwork by leaving Europe in 1891 to journey to Africa and subsequently across Indonesia and Australia. Throughout his career he has focused on expanding his research collection of orchids. He was a leader of expeditions in German Africa, investigating the Caoutchouc industry, but continually collecting plant specimens. He also lived extensively in German New Guinea in the first decade of the new century. Before World War I he settled in Berlin, marrying his wife Alexandra Schlechter and becoming curator of Berlin's botanical garden in Dahlem. He is estimated to have proposed one thousand new species in the family Orchidaceae alone.

Works

  • Die Orchideen von Deutsch-Neu-Guinea, 1914
  • Die Orchideen, ihre Beschreibung, Kultur und Züchtung, 1915
  • Orchideologiae sino-japonicae prodromus, 1919
  • Orchidaceae Powellianae Panamenses, 1922
  • Die Orchideenflora der südamerikanischen Kordillerenstaaten (written with Rudolf Mansfeld), 1919–1929
  • Monographie und Iconographie der Orchideen Europas und des Mittelmeergebietes (written with G. Keller), 1925–1943
  • Blütenanalysen neuer Orchideen (published by R. Mansfeld), 1930–1934
The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 08 Mar 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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Reference sources
References
http://www.nationaalherbarium.nl/FMCollectors/S/SchlechterFRR.htm
http://www.orchids.co.in/orchidologists/friedrich-richard-rudolf-schlechter.shtm
http://www.ipni.org/ipni/advAuthorSearch.do?find_abbreviation=Schltr.
https://authority.bibsys.no/authority/rest/authorities/html/90334266
https://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb123936873
https://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb123936873
https://www.ipni.org/ipni/advAuthorSearch.do?find_abbreviation=Schltr.
http://www.uni-stuttgart.de/hi/gnt/dsi2/index.php?table_name=dsi&function=details&where_field=id&where_value=4491
https://d-nb.info/gnd/117643467
http://isni.org/isni/0000000109123523
https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n50080414
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