|A.K.A.||Rosemarie Magdalena Albach, Romy Albach-Retty, Rosemarie Magdelena Alb...|
|Was||Actor Film actor Stage actor|
|Type||Film, TV, Stage & Radio|
|Birth||23 September 1938, Vienna|
|Death||29 May 1982, Paris (aged 43 years)|
Romy Schneider (23 September 1938 – 29 May 1982) was a film actress born in Vienna who held German and French citizenship. She started her career in the German Heimatfilm genre in the early 1950s when she was 15. From 1955 to 1957, she played the central character of Empress Elisabeth of Austria in the Austrian Sissi trilogy. Schneider moved to France where she made successful and critically acclaimed films with some of the most notable film directors of that era.
Schneider was born Rosemarie Magdalena Albach in Vienna into a family of actors that included her paternal grandmother Rosa Albach-Retty, her Austrian father Wolf Albach-Retty and her German mother Magda Schneider. After her parents' divorce in 1945, Magda took charge of Romy and her brother Wolfi, eventually supervising the young girl's career, often appearing alongside her daughter. Her career was also overseen by her stepfather, Hans Herbert Blatzheim, a noted restaurateur who Schneider indicated had an unhealthy interest in her.
Romy Schneider's first film, made when she was 15, was Wenn der weiße Flieder wieder blüht (When the White Lilacs Bloom Again) in 1953, credited as Romy Schneider-Albach. In 1954, Schneider for the first time portrayed a royal, playing a young Queen Victoria in the Austrian film Mädchenjahre einer Königin (known in the U.S. as The Story of Vickie and in Britain as Victoria in Dover). Schneider's breakthrough came with her portrayal of Empress Elisabeth of Austria, in the romantic biopic Sissi (1955) and its two sequels, Sissi – The Young Empress (1956) and Sissi – Fateful Years of an Empress (1957), all with Karlheinz Böhm, who became a close friend. Less stereotypical films during this busy period include The Girl and the Legend (1957), working with a young Horst Buchholz, and Monpti (1957), directed by Helmut Käutner, again with Buchholz.
Schneider soon starred in Christine (1958), a remake of Max Ophüls's 1933 film Liebelei (itself based upon a play by Arthur Schnitzler and starring her mother Magda Schneider). It was during the filming of Christine that Schneider fell in love with French actor Alain Delon, who co-starred in the movie. She left Germany to join him in Paris and they announced their engagement in 1959.
Schneider decided to live and to work in France, slowly gaining the interest of film directors such as Orson Welles for The Trial (1962), based upon Franz Kafka's The Trial and was introduced by Delon to Luchino Visconti.
Under Visconti's direction, she gave performances in the Théâtre Moderne as Annabella (and Delon as Giovanni) in John Ford's stage play 'Tis Pity She's a Whore (1961) and in the film Boccaccio '70 (segment: "The Job"). In 1962 Schneider played Anna in Sacha Pitoëff's production of Chekhov's play The Seagull, also at the Théâtre Moderne. A brief stint in Hollywood included a starring role in Good Neighbor Sam (1964) a comedy with Jack Lemmon, while What's New Pussycat? (1965), although American financed, was shot in and around Paris. Schneider co-starred with Peter O'Toole, Peter Sellers and Woody Allen; the film was made from his first screenplay.
Schneider and Delon decided to split up in 1963 although they remained close lifelong friends. They continued to work together in such films as La Piscine (The Swimming Pool, 1968), which revitalized her career, and The Assassination of Trotsky (1972).
Schneider continued to work in France during the 1970s, most notably with director Claude Sautet on five films. Their first collaboration, The Things of Life (Les choses de la vie, 1970) with Michel Piccoli, was a great success and made Schneider an icon in France. The three colleagues teamed up again for the noir thriller Max et les ferrailleurs (Max and the Junkmen, 1971), and she appeared with Yves Montand in Sautet's César et Rosalie (1972). Schneider portrayed Elisabeth of Austria again in Ludwig (1972), Visconti's film about the life of King Ludwig II of Bavaria. This time she played the Empress as a much more complex, mature, even bitter woman. "Sissi sticks to me just like oatmeal", Schneider once said.
Other successes from this period included Le Train (1973), where she played a German-Jewish refugee in World War 2, Claude Chabrol's thriller Innocents with Dirty Hands (Les innocents aux mains sales, 1975) with Rod Steiger, and Le vieux fusil (1975). The gritty That Most Important Thing: Love (L'important c'est d'aimer, 1974) garnered her first César Award (France's equivalent of the Oscar), a feat she repeated five years later, in her last collaboration with Sautet, for A Simple Story (Une histoire simple, 1978).
On 30 October 1974, Schneider created one of the most memorable moments on German television. She was the second guest on Dietmar Schönherr's talk show Je später der Abend (The Later the Evening) when she, after a rather terse interview, remarked passionately to the last guest, bank robber and author Burkhard Driest: "Sie gefallen mir. Sie gefallen mir sehr." (I like you. I like you a lot.)
She also acted in Le Trio infernal (1974) with Michel Piccoli, and in Garde à vue (1981) with Michel Serrault and Lino Ventura. An unpleasant incident occurred during this period with leading German film director Rainer Werner Fassbinder who wanted her to play the lead in his film The Marriage of Maria Braun (1979). Negotiations broke down when he called Schneider a "dumb cow", to which she responded by declaring she would never work with such a "beast". Fassbinder cast Hanna Schygulla instead, reviving his professional association with an actress to whom he had also been offensive.
Schneider starred in Bertrand Tavernier's Death Watch (La mort en direct, 1980) playing a dying woman whose last days are watched on national television via a camera implanted in the brain of a journalist (Harvey Keitel). It is based on David G. Compton's novel, Her last film was La Passante du Sans-Souci (The Passerby, 1982).
Following the end of her relationship with Delon, Schneider married German director and actor Harry Meyen in July 1966. The couple had a son, David Christopher (1966–1981), but later divorced.
In 1975, Schneider married Daniel Biasini, her private secretary; they separated in 1981. Their daughter, Sarah Magdalena, is now an actress.
David died at the age of 14 after attempting to climb the spiked fence at his stepfather's parents' home and puncturing his femoral artery in the process. Schneider began drinking alcohol excessively after the death of David.
However, Claude Pétin—a friend of hers—said that she no longer drank at the time of her death. Pétin also said that Schneider's cardiac arrest was due to a weakened heart caused by a kidney operation she had had months before.
At the time of her death, Schneider was in a relationship with film producer Laurent Pétin.
Schneider was found dead in her Paris apartment on 29 May 1982. It was suggested that she had committed suicide by taking a lethal cocktail of alcohol and sleeping pills. After another post-mortem examination was carried out, authorities declared that she had died from cardiac arrest. Her tombstone at Boissy-sans-Avoir in the Canton of Montfort-l'Amaury bears the name Rosemarie Albach. Shortly afterwards, Delon arranged for David to be buried in the same grave.
The French journalist Eugène Moineau initiated in 1984 the Prix Romy Schneider. It is one of the most prestigious awards for upcoming actresses in the French film industry and is given by a jury each year in Paris in conjunction with the Prix Patrick Dewaere (formerly the Prix Jean Gabin). In 1990, the Austrian newspaper Kurier created the Romy TV Award in honour of Schneider. In 2003, she was voted 78th on the list of the greatest Germans in the German TV programme Unsere Besten (the German version of 100 Greatest Britons)—the second highest ranked actress (Marlene Dietrich was 50th) on that list. Until 2002, the Austrian Federal Railways InterCity service IC 535 from Wien Südbahnhof to Graz was named "Romy Schneider".
A movie about Schneider's life, titled Eine Frau wie Romy/Une femme comme Romy (A Woman Like Romy) was planned by Warner Bros. for 2009; Schneider's role was going to be played by Yvonne Catterfeld. The project was cancelled in July 2009. A musical about Schneider, Romy – Die Welt aus Gold (Romy – The Golden World) was premiered in 2009 at the Theater Heilbronn. In November 2009 the ARD broadcast the feature film Romywith Jessica Schwarz in the title role.
|Wenn der weiße Flieder wieder blüht||1953||Evchen Förster||Hans Deppe|
|Victoria in Dover (Mädchenjahre einer Königin)||1954||Princess Victoria / Queen Victoria||Ernst Marischka|
|Feuerwerk||1954||Anna Oberholzer||Paul Burkhard, Erik Charell, and Kurt Hoffmann|
|The Last Man||1955||Niddy Hoevelmann||Harald Braun|
|Die Deutschmeister||1955||Stanzi Hübner||Ernst Marischka|
|Kitty und die große Welt||1956||Kitty Dupont||Alfred Weidenmann|
|Sissi – Die junge Kaiserin||1956||Sissi||Ernst Marischka|
|Sissi – Schicksalsjahre einer Kaiserin||1957||Sissi||Ernst Marischka|
|The Girl and the Legend||1957||Maud||Josef von Báky|
|Love from Paris (Monpti)||1957||Anne-Claire Jouvain||Helmut Käutner|
|Eva (Die Halbzarte)||1958||Nicole||Rolf Thiele|
|Mädchen in Uniform||1958||Manuela von Meinhardis||Géza von Radványi|
|Christine||1958||Christine Weiring||Pierre Gaspard-Huit|
|Magnificent Sinner (Katia)||1959||Katia||Robert Siodmak|
|Die schöne Lügnerin||1959||Fanny Emmetsrieder||Axel von Ambesser|
|Mademoiselle Ange||1959||Stewardess/Angel||Géza von Radványi|
|Purple Noon (Plein soleil)||1960||Freddie's companion (uncredited)||René Clément|
|Die Sendung der Lysistrata(TV movie)||1961||Myrrhine / Uschi||Fritz Kortner|
|Boccaccio '70||1961||Pupe (segment Il lavoro)||Luchino Visconti|
|Le Combat dans l'île||1962||Anne||Alain Cavalier|
|The Trial||1962||Leni||Orson Welles|
|The Victors||1962||Regine||Carl Foreman|
|The Cardinal||1963||Annemarie von Hartman||Otto Preminger|
|Good Neighbor Sam||1964||Janet Lagerlof||David Swift|
|L'Amour à la mer||1965||The star||Guy Gilles|
|Is Paris Burning? (Paris brûle-t-il ?)||1965||scene cut||René Clément|
|What's New Pussycat?||1965||Carole Werner||Clive Donner|
|10:30 P.M. Summer||1965||Claire||Jules Dassin|
|La Voleuse||1966||Julia Kreuz||Jean Chapot|
|Triple Cross||1966||Countess||Terence Young|
|Romy: Anatomy of a Face (Romy. Porträt eines Gesichts)||1967||Herself||Hans-Jürgen Syberberg|
|The Swimming Pool||1969||Marianne||Jacques Deray|
|La califfa||1970||Irene Corsini||Alberto Bevilacqua|
|Les choses de la vie||1970||Hélène||Claude Sautet|
|My Lover My Son||1970||Francesca Anderson||John Newland|
|Qui ?||1970||Marina||Léonard Keigel|
|The Assassination of Trotsky||1971||Gita Samuels||Joseph Losey|
|Max et les Ferrailleurs||1971||Lily||Claude Sautet|
|César et Rosalie||1972||Rosalie||Claude Sautet|
|Ludwig||1972||Elisabeth of Austria||Luchino Visconti|
|Le Train||1973||Anna Kupfer||Pierre Granier-Deferre|
|Un amour de pluie||1974||Elizabeth||Jean-Claude Brialy|
|Le Trio infernal||1974||Philomena Schmidt||Francis Girod|
|L'important c'est d'aimer||1974||Nadine Chevalier||Andrzej Żuławski|
|Le Mouton enragé||1974||Roberte Groult||Michel Deville|
|Le vieux fusil||1975||Clara Dandieu||Robert Enrico|
|Les innocents aux mains sales||1975||Julie Wormser||Claude Chabrol|
|A Woman at Her Window (Une femme à sa fenêtre)||1976||Margot Santorini||Pierre Granier-Deferre|
|Gruppenbild mit Dame||1977||Leni Gruyten||Aleksandar Petrović|
|A Simple Story||1978||Marie||Claude Sautet|
|Bloodline||1979||Hélène Martin||Terence Young|
|Clair de femme||1979||Lydia||Costa-Gavras|
|Death Watch||1979||Katherine Mortenhoe||Bertrand Tavernier|
|La Banquière||1980||Emma Eckhert||Francis Girod|
|Fantasma d'amore||1981||Anna Brigatti Zighi||Dino Risi|
|Garde à vue||1981||Chantal Martinaud||Claude Miller|
|La Passante du Sans-Souci||1982||Elsa Wiener/Lina Baumstein||Jacques Rouffio|
- Bambi: 1957 nominated for Sissi
- Bravo Otto
- 1957: Bronze
- 1958: Gold
- 1959: Silver
- 1971: Silver
- 1972: Bronze
- 1977: Bronze
- Étoile de Cristal : 1963 as Best Foreign Actress for The Trial
- Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Drama: 1963 nominated for The Cardinal
- César Award for Best Actress
- Deutscher Filmpreis Best Actress: 1977 for Group Portrait with Lady
- Premio David di Donatello: 1979 Lifetime Achievement
- 2008: Honorary César
Awards named after Romy Schneider
- Prix Romy Schneider, French film award established in 1984
- Romy, Austrian award established in 1990
- Tast, Hans-Jürgen (2008). Romy Schneider: ein Leben auf Titelseiten ; [anlässlich des 70. Geburtstags der Schauspielerin Romy Schneider [Romy Schneider: a life on front pages; [on the occasion of the 70th birthday of actress Romy Schneider]. Kulleraugen (in German). 36. Schellerten: Kulleraugen-Medienschriften. p. 33. ISBN 978-3-88842-036-8.
- Töteberg, Michael (2009). Romy Schneider (in German). Rowohlt Verlag. ISBN 978-3-499-50669-7.