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Robert Vorhoelzer

Robert Vorhoelzer German architect

German architect
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro German architect
A.K.A. Robert Vorhölzer
Was Architect Professor Educator
From Germany
Type Academia Engineering
Gender male
Birth 13 June 1884, Memmingen, Germany
Death 28 October 1954, Munich, Germany (aged 70 years)
Star sign GeminiGemini
Robert Vorhoelzer
The details
Biography
Vorhoelzer built post office at the Harras, Munich-Sendling

Robert Vorhoelzer (born 13 June 1884 Memmingen - died 23 October 1954 Munich) was a Bavarian architect.

Vorhoelzer belonged to the classical modernist school of architecture that is otherwise rather underrepresented in Bavaria. Most of his works were built when Vorhoelzer was Oberbaurat of the Bavarian postal administration. Together with Robert Poeverlein he founded the "Bayerische Postbauschule". In the early stages of his work, such as at the post office Penzberg or the post office on Ismaninger Straße in Munich, the influence of the "Heimatstil" was dominant. But later Vorhoelzer built many modern and functional buildings (post offices, depots, apartment buildings for postal staff etc.) in the style of Neue Sachlichkeit. These include, for example, the post office on Tegernseer Landstraße ("Tela-Post") in Munich-Obergiesing, the post office building at Goethe Platz or the post office at Harras place in Munich-Sendling (1931–32), a white office building with a rotunda and high rise apartment blocks in the background. The harmonious integration of his buildings in the surrounding urban landscape proves Vorhoelzer's ability as a city planner. In particular, the appearance of the Arnulfstraße in Munich owns much to the numerous Vorhoelzer buildings.

In 1930, Robert Vorhoelzer has been appointed professor at the Technical University of Munich. With the beginning of the Third Reich he lost his chair accused of being an "architectural bolshevist", although he resumed working as an architect and, for example, built the church "Mary Queen of Peace" in Obergiesing (1936–37). On the eve of World War II, Vorhoelzer emigrated to Turkey, from where he has been expelled in 1941 due to an allegation of espionage for Germany.

After the war, he retrieved his chair, but in 1947 he has been suspended again for six months after Nazi allegations concerning the date of the Turkish exile. In the post-war debate on the reconstruction of Munich, Vorhoelzer pointed out that parts of the city had been in need of rehabilitation even before the war. He called for a radical new development plan, in which Flachbauten low-rise and high-rise buildings played an important part. He also had been ahead of his times in his request to discuss the reconstruction in public. In 1952, Vorhoelzer retired and two years later, he died at the age of 70 years after an operation.

His last major work was the monumental parish church of St. Joseph in Dingolfing, which had only been completed 1954 to 1956 after his death. For this hall-type church, he applied motives that were already present in the church Giesinger "Mary Queen of Peace".

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Reference sources
References
https://portal.dnb.de/opac.htm?method=simpleSearch&cqlMode=true&query=idn%3D118914669
https://www.archinform.net/arch/2994.htm
http://www.architekten-portrait.de/robert_vorhoelzer/index.html
http://www.ar.tum.de/fakultaet/geschichte.php
https://d-nb.info/gnd/118914669
http://isni.org/isni/0000000066784398
https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n90719518
https://snaccooperative.org/ark:/99166/w6b42f3s
https://www.getty.edu/vow/ULANFullDisplay?find=&role=&nation=&subjectid=500020536
https://viaf.org/viaf/67264477
https://www.worldcat.org/identities/containsVIAFID/67264477
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