Robert II of Dreux (1154 – 28 December 1218), Count of Dreux and Braine, was the eldest surviving son of Robert I, Count of Dreux, and Agnes de Baudemont, countess of Braine, and a grandson of King Louis VI of France.
He participated in the Third Crusade, at the Siege of Acre and the Battle of Arsuf. He took part in the war in Normandy against the Angevin Kings between 1193 and 1204. Count Robert had seized the castle of Nonancourt from Richard I of England while he was imprisoned in Germany in late-1193. The count also participated in the Albigensian Crusade in 1210. In 1214 he fought alongside King Philip Augustus at the Battle of Bouvines.
Marriages and Children
His first marriage with Mahaut of Burgundy (1150–1192) in 1178 ended with separation in 1181 and produced no children. The excuse for the annulment was consanguinity. Mahaut and Robert were both great-great grandchildren of William I, Count of Burgundy and his wife Etiennete and they were both Capetian descendants of Robert II of France.
His second marriage to Yolande de Coucy (1164–1222) produced several children:
- Robert III (c. 1185–1234), Count of Dreux and Braine.
- Peter (c. 1190–1250), Duke of Brittany.
- Henry of Dreux (c. 1193–1240), Archbishop of Reims.
- John of Dreux (c. 1198–1239), Count of Vienne and Mâcon.
- Philippa of Dreux (1192–1242), who married Henry II of Bar.
- Alix of Dreux, married Walter IV of Vienne, Lord of Salins, then married Renard II of Choiseul.
- Agnes of Dreux (1195-1258), married Stephen III of Auxonne.
- Yolande of Dreux, married Raoul II of Lusignan.
- Histoire des ducs de Bourgogne de la race Capétienne, Vol.3, Ed. Ernest Petit, (Imprimerie Darantiere, 1889), 32.
- M. A. Pollock, Scotland, England and France After the Loss of Normandy, 1204-1296: Auld Amitie, (Boydell & Brewer, 2015), 92 n29.
- A History of the Crusades, Vol. 2, ed. Kenneth M. Setton, Robert Lee Wolff and Harry W. Hazard, (University of Wisconsin Press, 1969), 855.
- A History of the Crusades, Vol. 2, 836.
- A History of the Crusades, Vol. 2, 841.
- Evergates, Theodore, Aristocratic women in medieval France, (University of Pennsylvania Press, 1999), 102.
- M. A. Pollock, Scotland, England and France After the Loss of Normandy, 1204-1296: Auld Amitie, 145.
Count Robert's tomb bore the following inscription, in Medieval Latin hexameters with internal rhyme:
- Stirpe satus rēgum, pius et custōdia lēgum,
- Brannę Rōbertus comes hīc requiescit opertus,
- Et jacet Agnētis situs ad vestīgia mātris.
Of which the translation is: "Born from the race of kings, and a devoted guardian of the laws, Robert, Count of Braine, here rests covered, and lies buried by the remains of his mother Agnes."
It is also dated Anno Gracię M. CC. XVIII. die innocentum, that is, "In the Year of Grace 1218, on the Feast of the Holy Innocents."
|Ancestors of Robert II, Count of Dreux|