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Robert I, Count of Artois

Robert I, Count of Artois

French noble
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro French noble
Gender male
Death February 9, 1250 (Mansoura)
Mother: Blanche of Castile
Father: Louis VIII of France
Siblings: Louis IX of FranceCharles I of NaplesJohn TristanCount of Anjou and MaineAlphonseCount of Poitiers
Spouse: Matilda of BrabantCountess of Artois
Children: Blanche of ArtoisRobert IICount of Artois
The details

Robert I (25 September 1216 – 8 February 1250), called the Good, was the first Count of Artois, the fifth (and second surviving) son of Louis VIII of France and Blanche of Castile.


He received Artois as an appanage, in accordance with the will of his father (died 1226) on attaining his majority in 1237 (aged twenty-one). In 1240 Pope Gregory IX, in conflict with the Emperor Frederick II, offered to crown Robert as emperor in opposition to Frederick, but the French count refused to pretend to such a title.

Coat of Arms of Robert of Artois


On 14 June 1237 Robert married Matilda, daughter of Henry II of Brabant and Marie of Hohenstaufen.

They had two children:

  • Blanche (1248–1302)
  • Robert II (1250–1302), who succeeded to Artois.
  • ^ (FR)Jean-François Nieus, Un pouvoir comtal entre Flandre et France: Saint-Pol, 1000-1300, (De Boeck & Larcier, 2005), 166, 176.


While participating in the Seventh Crusade, Robert died while leading a reckless attack on Al Mansurah, without the knowledge of his brother King Louis IX. He and the Templars after fording a river, charged a Mamluk outpost in which the Mamluk commander, Fakhr-ad-Din Yusuf, was killed. Enbolded by his success, Robert, the Templar knights, and a contingent of English troops charged into the town and became trapped in the narrow streets. According to Jean de Joinville, he defended himself for some time in a house there, but was at last overpowered and killed.


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