Robert E. Lee Chancey (December 16, 1880 - June 1, 1948) was an American politician. He was mayor of Tampa, Florida. He was a member of the White Municipal Party.
He was born in Pierce County, Georgia. He married and had two sons. One was killed in am automobile accident leaving William B. as his only surviving son.
He served for many years as county solicitor. He served as mayor of Tampa from November 1931 until November 1943. In 1935 six Tampa policemen were indicted for their alleged involvement in the kidnapping and torture or members of a political organization known as the Modern Democrats. The police chief was also implicated in obstructing an investigation. Chancey's brother-in-law Patrick Crisp Whitaker was the lead defense attorney.
He was mayor during the Works Progress Administration's planned funding of an American Hellenic Center in Tampa.