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Richard Utgenannt

Richard Utgenannt SS officer

SS officer
Richard Utgenannt
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro SS officer
Was Officer
From Germany
Type Military
Gender male
Birth 11 October 1919, Grabownica, Gmina Krośnice, Gmina Krośnice, Milicz County, Lower Silesian Voivodeship
Death 14 February 1968 (aged 48 years)
Richard Utgenannt
The details

Biography

The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes) and its variants were the highest awards in the military of the Third Reich during World War II. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded for a wide range of reasons and across all ranks, from a senior commander for skilled leadership of his troops in battle to a low-ranking soldier for a single act of extreme gallantry. A total of 7,321 awards were made between its first presentation on 30 September 1939 and its last bestowal on 17 June 1945. This number is based on the analysis and acceptance of the order commission of the Association of Knight's Cross Recipients (AKCR). Presentations were made to members of the three military branches of the Wehrmacht—the Heer (Army), Kriegsmarine (Navy) and Luftwaffe (Air Force)—as well as the Waffen-SS, the Reichsarbeitsdienst (RAD—Reich Labour Service) and the Volkssturm (German national militia). There were also 43 recipients in the military forces of allies of the Third Reich.

These recipients are listed in the 1986 edition of Walther-Peer Fellgiebel's book, Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 — Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller WehrmachtteileThe Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches. Fellgiebel was the former chairman and head of the order commission of the AKCR. In 1996 a second edition of this book was published with an addendum delisting 11 of these original recipients. Author and historian Veit Scherzer has cast doubt on a further 193 of these listings. The majority of the disputed recipients had received the award in 1945, when the deteriorating situation of the Third Reich during the final days of World War II left a number of nominations incomplete and pending in various stages of the approval process. Scherzer wrote his book in cooperation with the German Federal Archives. The book was chosen by Prof. Dr. Franz W. Seidler for the library of the Bundeswehr University Munich and Deutsche Dienststelle (WASt) and is considered an accepted reference there. For many years Fellgiebel's book was considered the main reference work on this topic, and it has now been succeeded by Scherzer's work.

Listed here are the 32 Knight's Cross recipients whose last name starts with "U". Author and historian Veit Scherzer has challenged the validity of Heinz Unrau's listing. The recipients are ordered alphabetically by last name. The rank listed is the recipient's rank at the time the Knight's Cross was awarded.

Background

The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grades were based on four separate enactments. The first enactment, Reichsgesetzblatt I S. 1573 of 1 September 1939 instituted the Iron Cross (Eisernes Kreuz), the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and the Grand Cross of the Iron Cross (Großkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes). Article 2 of the enactment mandated that the award of a higher class be preceded by the award of all preceding classes. As the war progressed, some of the recipients of the Knight's Cross distinguished themselves further and a higher grade, the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub), was instituted. The Oak Leaves, as they were commonly referred to, were based on the enactment Reichsgesetzblatt I S. 849 of 3 June 1940. In 1941, two higher grades of the Knight's Cross were instituted. The enactment Reichsgesetzblatt I S. 613 of 28 September 1941 introduced the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern) and the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub, Schwertern und Brillanten). At the end of 1944 the final grade, the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Golden Oak Leaves, Swords, and Diamonds (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit goldenem Eichenlaub, Schwertern und Brillanten), based on the enactment Reichsgesetzblatt 1945 I S. 11 of 29 December 1944, became the final variant of the Knight's Cross authorized.

Recipients

Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (U)
Service   Number of presentations Posthumous presentations
Heer
23
1
Kriegsmarine
0
0
Luftwaffe
7
0
Waffen-SS
2
0

The Oberkommando der Wehrmacht (Supreme Command of the Armed Forces) kept separate Knight's Cross lists for the Heer (Army), Kriegsmarine (Navy), Luftwaffe (Air Force) and Waffen-SS. Within each of these lists a unique sequential number was assigned to each recipient. The same numbering paradigm was applied to the higher grades of the Knight's Cross, one list per grade. Of the 32 awards made to servicemen whose last name starts with "U", four were later awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and one presentation was made posthumously. Heer members received 23 of the medals, none went to the Kriegsmarine, seven to the Luftwaffe, and two to the Waffen-SS.

  This along with the + (plus) indicates that a higher grade of Knight's Cross was awarded as well.
  This along with the * (asterisk) indicates that the Knight's Cross was awarded posthumously.
  This along with the ? (question mark) indicates that historian Veit Scherzer has expressed doubt regarding the veracity and formal correctness of the listing.

Name Service Rank Role and unit Date of award Notes Image
Ubben, KurtKurt Ubben+ Luftwaffe 13-LOberleutnant Staffelkapitän of the 8./Jagdgeschwader 77 000000001941-09-04-00004 September 1941 Awarded 80th Oak Leaves 000000001942-03-12-000012 March 1942
Ude, OttoOtto Ude Heer 10-HOberwachtmeister Zugführer (platoon leader) in the 1./Radfahr-Abteilung 30 000000001943-01-15-000015 January 1943
Udet, Dr.-Ing. h.c. ErnstDr.-Ing. h.c. Ernst Udet Luftwaffe 20-LGeneral der Flieger Generalluftzeugmeister im OKL 000000001940-07-04-00004 July 1940
The head and upper body of a man wearing a military uniform, peaked cap and various military decorations.
Uebe, KlausKlaus Uebe Luftwaffe 18-LGeneralmajor Chief of the general staff of Luftflotte 2 000000001944-06-09-00009 June 1944
Ueberschaar, FriedrichFriedrich Überschaar Heer 14-HHauptmann Leader of the III./Gebirgsjäger-Regiment 91 000000001944-12-09-00009 December 1944
Ueltzhöfer, EugenEugen Ueltzhöfer Heer 03-HGefreiter Driver in the 3./Artillerie-Lehr-Regiment 5 (motorized) in the fortress Schneidemühl 000000001945-02-12-000012 February 1945
Uhde, HansHans Uhde Heer 13-HOberleutnant of the Reserves Leader of the 11./Grenadier-Regiment 424 000000001943-01-15-000015 January 1943
Uhl, [Dr.] Hans[Dr.] Hans Uhl Heer 14-HHauptmann Leader of the II./Grenadier-Regiment 430 000000001943-01-22-000022 January 1943
Uhl, RudolfRudolf Uhl Heer 12-HLeutnant Adjudant of the II./Gebirgsjäger-Regiment 141 000000001944-11-05-00005 November 1944
Uhlig, AlexanderAlexander Uhlig Luftwaffe 10-LOberfeldwebel of the Reserves Zugführer (platoon leader) in the 16./Fallschirmjäger-Regiment 6 000000001944-10-29-000029 October 1944
Uhlig, [Dr.] Gottfried[Dr.] Gottfried Uhlig Heer 14-HHauptmann Commander of the II./Grenadier-Regiment 43 000000001944-11-26-000026 November 1944
Uhlig, MartinMartin Uhlig Heer 14-HHauptmann Commander of schwere Panzer-Jäger-Abteilung 88 000000001945-03-11-000011 March 1945
Uhren, FranzFranz Uhren Heer 09-HFeldwebel Zugführer (platoon leader) in the 13./Grenadier-Regiment 366 000000001944-10-28-000028 October 1944
Ulich, MaxMax Ulich Heer 17-HOberst Commander of Grenadier-Regiment 15 (motorized) 000000001943-11-02-00002 November 1943
Ullrich, KarlKarl Ullrich+ Waffen-SS 15-WSS-Sturmbannführer Commander of SS-Pionier-Bataillon 3 "Totenkopf" 000000001942-02-19-000019 February 1942 Awarded 480th Oak Leaves 000000001944-05-14-000014 May 1944
Ulms, UlrichUlrich Ulms Heer 16-HOberstleutnant im Generalstab (in the General Staff) Chief of the general staff Korpsgruppe "von Gottberg" (XII. SS-Armeekorps) 000000001944-08-12-000012 August 1944
Ulrich, EmilEmil Ulrich Heer 06-HUnteroffizier Group leader in the 5./Grenadier-Regiment "Feldherrnhalle" 000000001945-02-07-00007 February 1945
Unfried, WillibaldWillibald Unfried Heer 03-HGefreiter 1st machine gunner in the 9./Grenadier-Regiment 213 000000001942-03-04-00004 March 1942
Unger, HeinzHeinz Unger Heer 14-HHauptmann Chief of the 1./Schützen-Regiment 10 000000001941-09-04-00004 September 1941
Unger, WillyWilly Unger Luftwaffe 09-LFahnenjunker-Feldwebel Pilot in the IV.(Sturm)/Jagdgeschwader 3 "Udet" 000000001944-10-23-000023 October 1944
Unold, Georg vonGeorg von Unold Heer 17-HOberst im Generalstab (in the General Staff) Deputy leader of the 227. Infanterie-Division 000000001945-03-20-000020 March 1945
Unrau, HeinzHeinz Unrau? Luftwaffe 15-LMajor Gruppenkommandeur of the I./Kampfgeschwader 51 000000001945-05-01-00001 May 1945
Unrein, MartinMartin Unrein+ Heer 17-HOberst Commander of Panzergrenadier-Regiment 4 000000001943-09-10-000010 September 1943 Awarded 515th Oak Leaves 000000001944-06-26-000026 June 1944
Unruh, KurtKurt Unruh Luftwaffe 13-LOberleutnant Pilot in the 2./Kampfgeschwader 53 "Legion Condor" 000000001944-02-29-000029 February 1944
Unruhe, JohannesJohannes Unruhe Heer 10-HOberfeldwebel Zugführer (platoon leader) in the 2./Panzer-Aufklärungs-Abteilung 12 000000001945-03-28-000028 March 1945
Usedom, Horst vonHorst von Usedom+ Heer 15-HMajor Commander of Kradschützen-Bataillon 61 000000001941-12-31-000031 December 1941 Awarded 809th Oak Leaves 000000001945-03-28-000028 March 1945
Usinger, ChristianChristian Usinger Heer 18-HGeneralmajor Leader of the 81. Infanterie-Division 000000001944-09-15-000015 September 1944
Uslar-Gleichen, Horst Freiherr vonHorst Freiherr von Uslar-Gleichen Heer 15-HMajor Commander of Panzer-Abteilung 190 000000001944-07-11-000011 July 1944
Utgenannt, RichardRichard Utgenannt Waffen-SS 10-WSS-Hauptscharführer Chief of the 3./SS-Sturmgeschütz-Abteilung 4 000000001944-11-16-000016 November 1944
Uthe, KonradKonrad Uthe Heer 15-HMajor Commander of Panzergrenadier-Lehr-Regiment 901 000000001944-08-12-000012 August 1944* Killed in action 25 June 1944
Utta, EwaldEwald Utta Heer 12-HLeutnant of the Reserves Leader of the 5./Grenadier-Regiment 944 000000001944-10-23-000023 October 1944
Utz, WillibaldWillibald Utz Heer 17-HOberst Commander of Gebirgsjäger-Regiment 100 000000001941-06-21-000021 June 1941


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