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Richard Hartshorne

Richard Hartshorne

American Geographer
Richard Hartshorne
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro American Geographer
Was Geographer Professor Educator
From United States of America
Type Academia Science
Gender male
Birth 12 December 1899, Kittanning, USA
Death 5 November 1992, Madison, Dane County, Wisconsin, USA (aged 92 years)
Star sign SagittariusSagittarius
Family
Siblings: Charles Hartshorne
Education
University of Chicago
Princeton University
Awards
Victoria Medal 1984
Charles P. Daly Medal 1959
The details

Biography

Richard Hartshorne (December 12, 1899 – November 5, 1992) was a prominent American geographer, and professor at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, who specialized in economic and political geography and the philosophy of geography. He is known in particular for his methodological work The Nature of Geography, published in 1939.

Biography

Born in Kittanning, Pennsylvania, Hartshorne completed his undergraduate studies at Princeton University in 1920, and his doctorate at the University of Chicago in 1924. His dissertation was titled The Lake traffic of Chicago.

Hartshorne taught at the University of Minnesota from 1924 to 1940, and at the University of Wisconsin-Madison from 1945 to 1970. In the war-time interruption from 1941 to 1945 he established and ran the Geography Division in the branch of Research and Analysis of the Office of Strategic Services (OSS).

Hartshorne was president of the Association of American Geographers in 1949. The association gave him its top award in 1960. He was also awarded a Doctor of Laws (honoris causa) from Clark University, April 17, 1971, and the Victoria medal from the Royal Geographical Society in 1984.

He died of cancer at his home in Madison, Wisconsin. Among his brothers was the prominent American philosopher Charles Hartshorne.

Work

Hartshorne's 1939 book The Nature of Geography: A Critical Survey of Current Thought in the Light of the Past, reflected his concern that geographers, as scientists and scholars, should familiarize themselves with, and take account of, past work in their field. The book itself became a standard in the field and remained in print for decades; the seventh edition was published in 2000.

In the 1950s Hartshorne was part of a key geographical debate over the nature of the subject. Fred K. Schaefer called for the adoption of the 'scientific method' and study of spatial laws and criticised the 'old method' promoted by Hartshorne as the 'Hartshornian orthodoxy'.

His 1970 book The Academic Citizen: Selected Statements by Richard Hartshorne with introduction and notes by Mark Hoyt Ingraham, contains various statements on academic issues, authored (in some cases, co-authored) by Hartshorne, from the late 1940s through the 1960s, his pre-emeritus years at the University of Wisconsin.

Publications

Books, a selection:

  • 1939. The Nature of Geography: A Critical Survey of Current Thought in the Light of the Past
  • 1959. Perspective on the Nature of Geography
  • 1970. The Academic Citizen: Selected Statements by Richard Hartshorne. University of Wisconsin

Articles, a selection

  • 1927. "Location as a Factor in Geography", Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Vol. 17, No. 2 (Jun., 1927), pp. 92–99
  • 1933. "Geographic and Political Boundaries in Upper Silesia", Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Vol. 23, No. 4 (Dec., 1933), pp. 195–228.
  • 1935. (and Samuel N. Dicken) "A Classification of the Agricultural Regions of Europe and North America on a Uniform Statistical Basis", Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Vol. 25, No. 2 (Jun., 1935), pp. 99–120.
  • 1935. "Recent Developments in Political Geography, I", The American Political Science Review, Vol. 29, No. 5 (Oct., 1935), pp. 785–804.
  • 1935. "Recent Developments in Political Geography, II", The American Political Science Review, Vol. 29, No. 6 (Dec., 1935), pp. 943–966.
  • 1938. "Six Standard Seasons of the Year", Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Vol. 28, No. 3 (Sep., 1938), pp. 165–178.
  • 1940. "The Concepts of 'Raison d'Être' and 'Maturity' of States; Illustrated from the Mid-Danube Area", Annals of the Association of American Geographers, vol. 30, pp. 59–60; 1940.
  • 1941. "The Politico-Geographic Pattern of the World", Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 218, Public Policy in a World at War (Nov., 1941), pp. 45–57.
  • 1958. "The Concept of Geography as a Science of Space, from Kant and Humboldt to Hettner", Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Vol. 48, No. 2 (Jun., 1958), pp. 97–108.
  • 1960. "Political Geography in the Modern World", The Journal of Conflict Resolution, Vol. 4, No. 1, The Geography of Conflict (Mar., 1960), pp. 52–66.
The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 04 Aug 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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Reference sources
References
https://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9E0CE3D81E31F933A25752C1A964958260
http://www.geography.wisc.edu/histcart/v6initiative/13mcmaster.pdf
https://web.archive.org/web/20061020030502/http://www.geography.wisc.edu/histcart/v6initiative/13mcmaster.pdf
https://www.jstor.org/pss/2563779
http://www.colorado.edu/geography/giw/hartshorne-r/1939_ng/naturehome.html
https://d-nb.info/gnd/122265149
http://isni.org/isni/0000000110713264
https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n88182668
http://uli.nli.org.il/F/?func=direct&doc_number=000494699&local_base=nlx10
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