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Richard Butler, 1st Earl of Arran
Irish peer

Richard Butler, 1st Earl of Arran

Richard Butler, 1st Earl of Arran
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Biography

Richard Butler, 1st Earl of Arran, Baron Butler of Cloughgrenan, Viscount Tullogh (1639–1686) was an Irish peer, the fourth son of James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormonde.

Birth and origins

Richard was born on 15 July 1639, probably at Kilkenny Castle. He was the fifth son of James Butler and his wife Elizabeth Preston. His father was then the 12th Earl of Ormond but would be elevated to marquess and duke. The Butlers were an Old English family. Thomas's mother was a second cousin once removed of his father as she was a granddaughter of Black Tom, the 10th Earl of Ormond. Her father, however, was Scottish, Richard Preston, 1st Earl of Desmond, a favourite of James I. Both his parents were Protestants. They married on Christmas Day 1629. They had 10 children, eight sons and two daughters, but five of the sons died in childhood.

His first wife on the left and second on the right. This family tree is partly derived from the condensed Butler family tree pictured in Dunboyne. Also see the lists of siblings and children in the text.
Richard Butler with wife, parents, and other selected relatives. His mother was a second cousin once removed of his father as both descended from the 9th Earl of Ormond. His earldom of Arran is recreated for his nephew Charles after his death.
James
9th Earl

1496–1546
Joan
FitzGerald

d. 1565
Thomas
10th Earl

c. 1531
– 1614
Black Tom
Elizabeth
Sheffield
John of
Kilcash

d. 1570
Katherine
MacCarthy
Theobald
Viscount
Tulleophelim

d. 1613
Elizabeth
Butler

c. 1585
– 1628
Richard
Preston
1st Earl
Desmond

d. 1628)
Walter
11th Earl

1559 – 1633
'Beads'
Helen
Butler

d. 1631
Thomas
Viscount
Thurles

bef. 1596 –
1619
Elizabeth
Pointz

1587–1673
Elizabeth
Preston

1615–1684
James
1st Duke

1610–1688
Richard
of
Kilcash

1615–1701
Thomas
6th Earl
Ossory

1633–1680
Mary
Stuart

d. 1668
Richard
1st Earl
Arran

1639–1684
Dorothy
Ferrers

d. 1716
Walter
of
Garryricken

d. 1700
James
2nd Duke
Ormond

1665–1745
Charles
1st Earl
Arran

1671–1758
Charles
4th Baron

1675–1722
Charlotte
Butler

1679–1725
Thomas
of
Garryricken

d. 1738
Charles
1st Earl

1700–1762
Elizabeth
Townshend

d. 1785
John
de jure
15th Earl

d. 1766
Legend
XXXRichard
Butler
XXXEarls & dukesof OrmondXXXBarons and Earls
of Cornwallis
His first wife on the left and second on the right. This family tree is partly derived from the condensed Butler family tree pictured in Dunboyne. Also see the lists of siblings and children in the text.
Richard Butler with wife, parents, and other selected relatives. His mother was a second cousin once removed of his father as both descended from the 9th Earl of Ormond. His earldom of Arran is recreated for his nephew Charles after his death.
James
9th Earl

1496–1546
Joan
FitzGerald

d. 1565
Thomas
10th Earl

c. 1531
– 1614
Black Tom
Elizabeth
Sheffield
John of
Kilcash

d. 1570
Katherine
MacCarthy
Theobald
Viscount
Tulleophelim

d. 1613
Elizabeth
Butler

c. 1585
– 1628
Richard
Preston
1st Earl
Desmond

d. 1628)
Walter
11th Earl

1559 – 1633
'Beads'
Helen
Butler

d. 1631
Thomas
Viscount
Thurles

bef. 1596 –
1619
Elizabeth
Pointz

1587–1673
Elizabeth
Preston

1615–1684
James
1st Duke

1610–1688
Richard
of
Kilcash

1615–1701
Thomas
6th Earl
Ossory

1633–1680
Mary
Stuart

d. 1668
Richard
1st Earl
Arran

1639–1684
Dorothy
Ferrers

d. 1716
Walter
of
Garryricken

d. 1700
James
2nd Duke
Ormond

1665–1745
Charles
1st Earl
Arran

1671–1758
Charles
4th Baron

1675–1722
Charlotte
Butler

1679–1725
Thomas
of
Garryricken

d. 1738
Charles
1st Earl

1700–1762
Elizabeth
Townshend

d. 1785
John
de jure
15th Earl

d. 1766
Legend
XXXRichard
Butler
XXXEarls & dukesof OrmondXXXBarons and Earls
of Cornwallis
His first wife on the left and second on the right. This family tree is partly derived from the condensed Butler family tree pictured in Dunboyne. Also see the lists of siblings and children in the text.
Thomas
10th Earl

c. 1531
– 1614
Black Tom
Elizabeth
Sheffield
John of
Kilcash

d. 1570
Katherine
MacCarthy
Theobald
Viscount
Tulleophelim

d. 1613
Elizabeth
Butler

c. 1585
– 1628
Richard
Preston
1st Earl
Desmond

d. 1628)
Walter
11th Earl

1559 – 1633
'Beads'
Helen
Butler

d. 1631
Thomas
Viscount
Thurles

bef. 1596 –
1619
Elizabeth
Pointz

1587–1673
Elizabeth
Preston

1615–1684
James
1st Duke

1610–1688
Richard
of
Kilcash

1615–1701
Thomas
6th Earl
Ossory

1633–1680
Mary
Stuart

d. 1668
Richard
1st Earl
Arran

1639–1684
Dorothy
Ferrers

d. 1716
Walter
of
Garryricken

d. 1700
James
2nd Duke
Ormond

1665–1745
Charles
1st Earl
Arran

1671–1758
Charles
4th Baron

1675–1722
Charlotte
Butler

1679–1725
Thomas
of
Garryricken

d. 1738
Charles
1st Earl

1700–1762
Elizabeth
Townshend

d. 1785
John
de jure
15th Earl

d. 1766

Richard appears below among his siblings as the second of the children that grew up to adulthood:

  1. Thomas (1634–1680), predeceased his father, but had a son who would become the 2nd Duke;
  2. Richard (1639–1686), the subject of this article;
  3. Elizabeth (1640–1665), married Philip Stanhope, 2nd Earl of Chesterfield and had affairs with James Hamilton and the Duke of York;
  4. John (1643–1677), became the Earl of Gowran; and
  5. Mary (1646–1710), married William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Devonshire.

Earl of Arran

On 13 May 1662 he was created Baron Butler of Cloughgrennan, Viscount Tullogh and Earl of Arran (having purchased the Aran Islands) in the Peerage of Ireland, with a special remainder to his younger brother John should his own male line fail.

Marriages and children

Arran married twice. Both brides were rich heiresses. In September 1664 he married Mary Stuart, Baroness Clifton in her own right, daughter of James Stuart, 1st Duke of Richmond and 4th Duke of Lennox. She died in 1668 childless at the age of 16.

He married secondly Dorothy, daughter of John Ferrers of Tamworth Castle and his wife Anne, daughter of Sir Dudley Carleton. They had four children:

  1. James (1674–1676), died in infancy;
  2. Thomas (1675–1681), died in infancy;
  3. Charlotte (1679–1725), his only surviving child and heiress, who married Charles, 4th Baron Cornwallis; and
  4. Thomas (1681–1685), died in infancy.

Career

On 27 August 1673, as a reward for his bravery in the sea-fights against the Dutch in the Third Anglo-Dutch War, Lord Arran, as he was now, was created Baron Butler of Weston in the Peerage of England.

In 1680, when the Catholic nobleman William Howard, 1st Viscount Stafford was tried for high treason in the bogus Popish Plot, Arran was one of 31 peers who voted Stafford not guilty. As the most junior English peer, Arran was the first to cast his vote; his vote of "not guilty" took some courage, given the prevailing hysteria whipped up against anyone who cast doubt on the veracity of the supposed Plot. However, 55 peers voted Stafford guilty.

Arran was made Lord Deputy of Ireland in April 1682 when his father, the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, went to England, and held the post until August 1684 when his father returned. This honour came to him because his elder brother Ossory, who had been deputy from 1668 to 1669 had died in 1680.

Death

Arran died of pleurisy in London on 25 January 1686 and was buried in Westminster Abbey. As he died without surviving male issue, and his brother John had died before him, his titles became extinct. His only daughter, Charlotte, inherited the, estate which she brought her husband when she married Lord Cornwallis in 1699.

However, the three Irish titles were re-created in 1693 for his nephew Charles Butler, who would be created Baron Butler of Cloughgrenan, Viscount Tullough, and Earl of Arran of the 1693 creation.

Timeline
Age Date Event
0 1639, 15 Jul Born, probably at Kilkenny Castle.
3 1642, 30 Aug His father was created Marquess of Ormond.
10 1649, 30 Jan King Charles I beheaded.
21 1660, 29 May Restoration of King Charles II.
22 1662, 13 May Created Baron Butler of Cloughgrennan, Viscount Tullogh and Earl of Arran.
25 1664, Sep Married 1st Mary Stuart, Baroness Clifton.
28 1668, 4 Jul First wife died childless.
34 1673, before 7 Jun Married 2ndly Elizabeth Ferrers.
34 1673, 27 Aug Created Baron Butler of Weston in the Peerage of England.
38 1677 His brother John died.
41 1680, 21 Jul His brother Thomas, Earl of Ossory, died.
42 1682, Apr Appointed Lord Deputy of Ireland when his father went to England.
45 1684, Aug Appointed Lord Deputy of Ireland while his father returned from England.
46 1685, 6 Feb Accession of King James II, replacing King Charles II.
46 1686, 25 Jan Died in London.

Notes references

The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 07 Jun 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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