Quantcast
peoplepill id: richard-avenarius
RA
2 views today
2 views this week
Richard Avenarius

Richard Avenarius

German philosopher
Richard Avenarius
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro German philosopher
A.K.A. Richard Heinrich Ludwig Avenarius
Was Philosopher Professor Educator Writer
From Germany
Type Academia Literature Philosophy
Gender male
Birth 19 November 1843, Paris, France
Death 18 August 1896, Zürich, Switzerland (aged 52 years)
Star sign ScorpioScorpio
The details

Biography

Richard Ludwig Heinrich Avenarius (19 November 1843 – 18 August 1896) was a German-Swiss philosopher. He formulated the radical positivist doctrine of "empirical criticism" or empirio-criticism.

Life

Avenarius attended the Nicolaischule in Leipzig and studied at the University of Zurich, Berlin, and the University of Leipzig. At the University of Leipzig, he received the Doctor of Philosophy in 1868 with his thesis on Baruch Spinoza and his pantheism, obtained the habilitation in 1876 and taught there as Privatdozent. One year later, he became professor at the University of Zurich. He died in Zurich in 1896.

Work

Avenarius believed that scientific philosophy must be concerned with purely descriptive definitions of experience, which must be free of both metaphysics and materialism. His opposition to the materialist assertions of Karl Vogt resulted in an attack upon empirio-criticism by Vladimir Lenin in the latter's Materialism and Empirio-criticism.

Avenarius' principal works are the famously difficult Kritik der reinen Erfahrung (Critique of Pure Experience, 1888–1890) and Der menschliche Weltbegriff (The Human Concept of the World, 1891) which influenced Ernst Mach, Ber Borochov and, to a lesser extent, William James.

He taught Anatoly Lunacharsky and was also influential on Alexander Bogdanov and Nikolai Valentinov.

Family

Avenarius was the second son of the German publisher Eduard Avenarius and Cäcilie née Geyer, a daughter of the actor and painter Ludwig Geyer and a (step-)sister of Richard Wagner. However, there are speculations in science that her father was the biological father of Richard Wagner too. Richard's brother, Ferdinand Avenarius, led the cultural organization Dürerbund and belonged to the initiators of a culture reform movement in Germany. Wagner was Avenarius' godfather.

The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 09 Mar 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
comments so far.
Comments
Reference sources
References
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/471865/positivism/68570/The-critical-positivism-of-Mach-and-Avenarius
https://books.google.com/books?id=gKbt8c5y0EkC&dq=
https://archive.org/search.php?query=((subject:%22Avenarius,%20Richard%20Heinrich%20Ludwig%22%20OR%20subject:%22Richard%20Heinrich%20Ludwig%20Avenarius%22%20OR%20creator:%22Avenarius,%20Richard%20Heinrich%20Ludwig%22%20OR%20creator:%22Richard%20Heinrich%20Ludwig%20Avenarius%22%20OR%20creator:%22Avenarius,%20R.%20H.%20L.%22%20OR%20title:%22Richard%20Heinrich%20Ludwig%20Avenarius%22%20OR%20description:%22Richard%20Heinrich%20Ludwig%20Avenarius%22)%20OR%20(%221843-1896%22%20AND%20Avenarius))%20AND%20(-mediatype:software)
https://portal.dnb.de/opac.htm?method=simpleSearch&cqlMode=true&query=idn%3D116389311
https://daten.digitale-sammlungen.de/0001/bsb00016233/images/index.html?seite=486
https://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb12848475k
https://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb12848475k
https://d-nb.info/gnd/116389311
https://hls-dhs-dss.ch/fr/articles/043577
http://isni.org/isni/0000000081567121
https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/no99004710
arrow-left arrow-right arrow-up arrow-down instagram whatsapp myspace quora soundcloud spotify tumblr vk website youtube stumbleupon comments comments pandora gplay iheart tunein pandora gplay iheart tunein itunes