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Reynold A. Nicholson
British orientalist

Reynold A. Nicholson

Reynold A. Nicholson
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro British orientalist
Was Translator Educator
From United Kingdom
Field Academia
Gender male
Birth 18 August 1868, Yorkshire
Death 27 August 1945, Chester (aged 77 years)
The details (from wikipedia)

Biography

Reynold Alleyne Nicholson, or R. A. Nicholson (18 August 1868 – 27 August 1945), was an eminent English orientalist, scholar of both Islamic literature and Islamic mysticism and widely regarded as one of the greatest Rumi (Mevlana or Mawlana) scholars and translators in the English language.

Life

Son of palaeontologist Henry Alleyne Nicholson, Nicholson was born at Keighley, West Riding of Yorkshire, England and died at Chester, Cheshire. Educated at Aberdeen University and Trinity College, Cambridge, Nicholson was professor of Persian at University College London from 1901 to June 1902, then lecturer in Persian at the University of Cambridge from 1902 to 1926, and Sir Thomas Adams's Professor of Arabic at the University of Cambridge from 1926 to 1933. He is considered a leading scholar in Islamic literature and Islamic mysticism who exercised a lasting influence on Islamic studies. He was able to study and translate major Sufi texts in Arabic, Persian, and Ottoman Turkish to English. Nicholson wrote two very influential books: Literary History of The Arabs (1907) and The Mystics of Islam (1914).

Works on Rumi

Nicholson's magnum opus was his work on Rumi's Masnavi, published in eight volumes between 1925 and 1940. He produced the first critical Persian edition of the Masnavi, the first full translation of it into English, and the first commentary on the entire work in English. This work has been highly influential in the field of Rumi studies worldwide.

Work on Ali Hujwari Daata Ganj Bakhsh

Nicholson translated the famous Persian book on sufism Kashf ul Mahjoob in English written by famous saint of Subcontinent Ali Hujwiri Daata Ganj Bakhsh

Works on Iqbal

Being a teacher of the then Indian scholar and poet Muhammad Iqbal, Nicholson translated Iqbal's first philosophical Persian poetry book Asrar-i-Khudi into English as The Secrets of the Self.

Other significant translations

  • The Sufi treatise of Hujviri
  • Rumi's Mathnawi and Divan e Shams
  • Ibn Arabi's Tarjuman al-Aswaq
  • Poetry by the Sindhi language poet Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai

Students

Among Nicholson's students is A. J. Arberry, a translator of Rumi and the Quran.

The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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