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Renward Brandstetter

Renward Brandstetter

Swiss linguist
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro Swiss linguist
Countries Switzerland
Occupations Linguist
Gender male
Birth 29 June 1860 (Beromünster)
Death 17 April 1942 (Lugano)
Star sign Cancer
The details
Biography

Renward Brandstetter (29 June 1860 – 17 April 1942) was a Swiss philologist and linguist who published about medieval and modern Swiss dialects language and the older Swiss theatre history and studied the insular Malayo-Polynesian languages (now considered a subgroup of Austronesian languages).

Work

Brandstetter reconstructed the sound system and a preliminary dictionary of what he called "Original Indonesian". In his observations he was the first to develop a theory of Austronesian roots.

He observed that the predominantly disyllabic lexemes of the languages under consideration contain a recurrent -CVC element (or, less often, -CV) which carries a somewhat consistent meaning. He indexed his manuscript lexicons of the principal languages of the region by their root, and then produced a list of hypothetical shared roots by comparing these lists across languages. His conclusions were considered problematic, and little attention was paid by later scholars of the language group, Otto Dempwolff and Otto Dahl, in their reconstructions of the protolanguage.

His papers are collected at the Haus zum Dolder, his library at the Zentral- und Hochschulbibliothek Luzern.

Selected writings

  • Ein Prodromus zu einem vergleichenden Wörterbuch der malaio-polinesischen Sprachen für Sprachforscher und Ethnographen. Lucerne, 1906.
  • Introduction to Indonesian linguistics, trans. by C. O. Blagden, 1–65. London: The Royal Asiatic Society, 1916. (collection of four essays)
  • Wie Menschen der indonesischen Erde, 11 volumes, Luzerne, 1921-1937

Literature and bibliography

  • Renward Brandstetter (1860–1942). Beiträge zum 150. Geburtstag des Schweizer Dialektologen und Erforschers der austronesischen Sprachen und Literaturen. Mit seiner Autobiographie. Ed. by Schweizerische Akademie der Geistes- und Sozialwissenschaften. Berne, 2012 (Sprache und Kulturen). ISBN 978-3-905870-27-5 [also containing a complete bibliography of Brandstetter's publications.]
  • Blust, Robert & Schneider, Jürg (edd.): A World of Words. Revisiting the Work of Renward Brandstetter (1860–1942) on Lucerne and Austronesia. Wiesbaden 2012 (Frankfurter Forschungen zu Südostasien 8).
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References
http://www.hls-dhs-dss.ch/textes/f/F11572.php
http://www.sagw.ch/dms/sagw/schwerpunkte/sprachen_und_kulturen/sk-publis/NWB-Brandstetter.pdf
http://www.search.eb.com/eb/article-9109806
http://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb11217694c
http://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb11217694c
http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/no94001963
http://www.biografischportaal.nl/en/persoon/45444648
http://isni.org/isni/0000000116764644
https://portal.dnb.de/opac.htm?method=simpleSearch&cqlMode=true&query=idn%3D116403748
https://d-nb.info/gnd/116403748
https://archive.org/details/introductiontoin00branrich%7CAn
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