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Raul Lino

Raul Lino Portuguese architect

Portuguese architect
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro Portuguese architect
A.K.A. Paul Lino
Was Architect
From Portugal
Type Engineering
Gender male
Birth 21 November 1879, Lisbon, Portugal
Death 13 July 1974, Lisbon, Portugal (aged 94 years)
Star sign ScorpioScorpio
Awards
Commander's Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany  
Commander of the Military Order of Christ  
The details
Biography

Raul Lino da Silva, better known as Raul Lino (Lisbon, 21 November 1879 – 13 July 1974) was a Portuguese architect, designer, architectural theorist, and writer. Lino's architectural theses and studies revolved around the theory of the Casa Portuguesa (Portuguese: Portuguese house), an idealized concept of Portuguese residential architecture, planning, and lifestyle.

The cities of Cascais and Sintra, along the Portuguese Riviera, boast the largest concentration of Lino's constructions out of anywhere. Lino played an active part in the cosmopolitanization of Cascais as a summer resort for the wealthy and notable and in the continuation of Sintra as a historicist, romanticist haven.

Early life

Raul Lino da Silva was born in Lisbon, Portugal, on 21 November 1879, to a well-off construction materials merchant. His family's financial standing allowed Lino to leave Portugal, in 1890, to study in Windsor, England, for three years. Following his studies in Britain, Lino moved to Germany, where he would study under and eventually work in the atelier of German revivalist architect, Albrecht Haupt, until 1897, when Lino returned to Portugal to finish his degree in architecture.

Early career

The Quinta da Comenda, in Setúbal, was built by Lino for the Count of Armand in 1903.

After returning to Portugal and finishing his studies in architecture, Lino began to work in his father's construction materials business, in 1897. During this time, Lino began his travels across Portugal and his studies of the regionalisms in architecture and style, paying particular note initially to the Alentejo region.

Back to Portugal, he designed and built more than 700 projects. Many were in the Mediterranean Revival and Soft Portuguese styles.

He was a founding member of the National Academy of Fine Arts and served as its secretary in 1946.

Lino was a habitual guest writer for various Portuguese newspapers and journals, including the Diário de Notícias, the Diário Popular, and Atlantida.

A Casa Portuguesa

Lino also wrote many books and texts about the theory of the architecture of the Portuguese house, such as A Casa Portuguesa - The Portuguese House (1929), Casas Portuguesas - Portuguese Houses (1933) and L'Evolution de l'Architecture Domestique au Portugal - The Evolution of Domestic Architecture in Portugal (1937).

Selected works

Some of his most important projects were:

  • House in Castilho street, 64 and 66 (Valmor Award 1930), Lisbon
  • Casa dos Patudos, Alpiarça
  • Tivoli Theatre, Lisbon
  • João de Deus Museum and Kindergarten, Lisbon
  • Gardénia Shop, Lisbon
  • St. Patrick Tower, Estoril
  • Montsalvat House, Estoril
  • Silva Gomes House, Estoril
  • Brazil Pavilion in the Portuguese World Exhibition, Lisbon
  • House of Quinta da Comenda, Arrábida
  • Casa de Santa Maria, Cascais
  • Casa do Cipreste, Sintra
  • Casa dos Penedos, Sintra
  • Casa Branca, Azenhas do Mar
  • Casa Branca, Oeiras
The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 07 Apr 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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Reference sources
References
http://www.biblartepac.gulbenkian.pt/ipac20/ipac.jsp?profile=ba-en&lang=eng#focus
https://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb12755168s
https://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb12755168s
https://d-nb.info/gnd/1024287750
http://isni.org/isni/0000000066346929
https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n85046234
http://data.bibliotheken.nl/id/thes/p133210340
https://www.idref.fr/075223457
https://www.getty.edu/vow/ULANFullDisplay?find=&role=&nation=&subjectid=500086679
https://viaf.org/viaf/44424497
https://www.worldcat.org/identities/lccn-n85046234
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