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Raman Skirmunt

Raman Skirmunt

Belarusian politician
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro Belarusian politician
Countries Russia Poland Russia
Occupations Senator
Gender male
Birth 25 April 1868 (Minsk Governorate, Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic, Lithuanian–Belorussian Soviet Socialist Republic)
Death 7 October 1939
Education University of Warsaw, University of Vienna
The details
Biography

Raman (Roman) Skirmunt (Belarusian: Раман Скірмунт, May 7, 1868 - October 7, 1939) was a Belarusian and Polesian statesman, aristocrat and landlord.

Raman Skirmunt was born in the village Parechcha near Pinsk into the local noble family of the Skirmunts. He graduated from a classical gymnasium in Riga and the University of Warsaw (law) and University of Vienna (philosophy).

In early 20th century Skirmunt was among the leaders of the local krajowcy movement and advocated the creation of the Krajowcy Party of Lithuania and White Ruthenia as a common Polish-Belarusian-Lithuanian political organization.

In 1906 Raman Skirmunt became a member of the Russian State Duma where he initiated creation of a Polish-Belarusian fraction, the so-called Western Borderlands Group (Russian: Группа западных окраин). Between 1910 and 1911 he was member of the State Council of Imperial Russia.

In 1911 he returned to Belarus and worked as leader of the local zemstvo of Minsk.

In 1917 Raman Skirmunt was head of the Minsk branch of the Belarusian Society for Assistance to War Victims. In March 1917 he became president of the Belarusian National Committee in Minsk. In April 1917 he led the Belarusian delegation at talks with the Russian Provisional Government demanding autonomy for Belarus.

In April 1918 Skirmunt became a member of the Council of the newly proclaimed Belarusian Democratic Republic, in July he became prime minister of Belarus and secretary for foreign affairs. In November 1918 he led the Belarusian diplomatic delegation in Germany and Switzerland seeking international recognition of Belarus.

After the Polish-Soviet War and the division of Belarus according to the Riga Peace Treaty, he advocated autonomy for West Belarus within the Second Polish Republic but was not politically active any more, mostly concentrating on his life in his manor. In 1930 he was elected Senator.

In 1939, upon annexation of West Belarus by the USSR, Raman Skirmunt was killed by some local people.

His cousin Konstanty Skirmunt was a notable Polish diplomat and minister of foreign affairs.

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