Pyotr Petrovich Kashchenko (Russian: Пётр Петро́вич Ка́щенко; December 28, 1858 (9 January 1859), Yeysk - February 19, 1920, Moscow) was a famous Russian psychiatrist, social and agrarian activist, author of articles on mental health and mental health services.
In 1876-1881 he studied at Moscow University, where he was expelled for participating in student revolutionary movement and was expelled from Moscow to Stavropol. In 1885 he graduated from the Faculty of Medicine Kazan Federal University and received his medical degree. In 1889-1904 director of the Psychiatric Hospital of the Nizhny Novgorod Zemstvo (colony Lyakhovo). A Head of the Moscow and St. Petersburg psychiatric hospital. In the years 1904-1906 - the head physician of the psychiatric Alekseyev's Hospital in Moscow.
In 1905 she participated in the revolutionary events in Moscow, helping the wounded during the uprising in Presnya. In 1905-1906 gg. He led the illegal cross-party Red Cross. Organiser and chairman of the Central Statistical Bureau of the first in Russia to account for mental patients. In May 1917 he led the neuro-psychiatric section of the Council of medical colleges, in 1918-1920 he headed the Subdivision neuro-psychiatric care Commissariat RSFSR. He was buried in the Novodevichy Cemetery.
Name Kashchenko from 1922 to 1994. He wore Moscow psychiatric hospital №1, whose name, in turn, became a household word. Now this hospital is named Nikolay Alekseyev - Mayor of Moscow (1885-1893), the initiator of the construction of hospitals and fundraising organizer for this construction