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Princess Thyra of Denmark

Princess Thyra of Denmark

Youngest daughter of christian ix of denmark and louise of hesse-kassel
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro Youngest daughter of christian ix of denmark and louise of hesse-kassel
A.K.A. Thyra Amalie Caroline Charlotte Anna
Gender female
Birth September 29, 1853 (Copenhagen, Capital Region of Denmark, Denmark, Kingdom of Denmark)
Death February 26, 1933 (Gmunden, Gmunden District, Upper Austria, Austria)
Mother: Louise of Hesse-Kassel
Father: Christian IX of Denmark
Siblings: Frederick VIII of DenmarkGeorge I of GreecePrince Valdemar of DenmarkAlexandra of DenmarkMaria Feodorovna
Spouse: Prince Ernest Augustus, 3rd Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale
Children: Princess Marie Louise of HanoverPrince George William of Hanover (1880–1912)Princess Alexandra of Hanover (1882–1963)Princess Olga of HanoverPrince Christian of Hanover (1885–1901)Ernest Augustus, Duke of Brunswick
The details

Princess Thyra of Denmark, Danish pronunciation: [ˈtyːʁə], (29 September 1853 – 26 February 1933 in Gmunden) was the youngest daughter and fifth child of Christian IX of Denmark and Louise of Hesse-Kassel. In 1878, she married Ernest Augustus, the exiled heir to the Kingdom of Hanover. As the Kingdom of Hanover had been annexed by Prussia in 1866, she spent most of her life in exile with her husband in Austria.

Thyra was the younger sister of Frederik VIII of Denmark, Queen Alexandra of the United Kingdom, George I of Greece, Empress Maria Feodorovna of Russia and an elder sister of Prince Valdemar of Denmark.

Birth and family

Christian IX of Denmark with his wife and their six children in 1862. Left to right: Dagmar, Frederick, Valdemar, Queen Louise, Christian IX, Thyra, George and Alexandra.

Princess Thyra was born on 29 September 1853 at the Yellow Palace in Copenhagen as the third daughter and fifth child of Prince Christian and Princess Louise of Denmark. As a child, she shared a bedroom with her elder sisters, Alexandra and Dagmar, and was taught how to sew and knit her own clothes and socks. Her family had been relatively obscure but happy until her father, Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, was chosen with the consent of the great powers to succeed his childless distant cousin, Frederick VII, to the Danish throne. Just two months before Thyra's birth, the new Act of Succession had been passed and Prince Christian given the title of Prince of Denmark.

Early life

Princess Thyra of Denmark (right) with her sister-in-law Louise of Sweden.

In 1863, when Thyra was 10 years old, King Frederick VII died, and her father succeeded to the throne of Denmark as King Christian IX. Earlier the same year, her brother Vilhelm had been elected King of Greece, and her sister Alexandra had married Edward, Prince of Wales. In 1866, her other sister Dagmar married the tsarevich of Russia, Alexander.

Thyra was an attractive and gentle young woman, with dark hair and dark blue eyes, and Queen Louise wanted her youngest daughter to make a good marriage as her elder daughters had. Thyra's first suitor was King Willem III of the Netherlands, but as he was thirty-six years older than she was, she rejected him.

In her youth, Thyra had fallen in love with Vilhelm Frimann Marcher, a lieutenant in the cavalry, which resulted in a pregnancy. Her brother George I of Greece suggested that she have the baby in Athens to avoid scandal; the Danish press was told Thyra had been taken ill with jaundice. She gave birth to a girl, Maria, on 8 November 1871 at Schloss Glücksburg, who was adopted by Rasmus and Anne Marie Jørgensen of Odense shortly after birth and renamed Kate; she married in 1902 Frode Pløyen-Holstein and died in 1964. Marcher killed himself on 4 January 1872 after a confrontation with the King.


The Duchess of Cumberland with her daughter, Princess Olga.

On 21 December/22 December 1878, she married Crown Prince Ernest Augustus of Hanover, 3rd Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale, at the chapel of Christiansborg Palace in Copenhagen. Ernst Augustus was the eldest child and only son of King George V of Hanover and his wife, Princess Marie of Saxe-Altenburg.

Ernest Augustus had been born as a Crown Prince of Hanover, but in 1866 his father had been deprived of his throne, when the Kingdom of Hanover was annexed by Prussia after siding with Austria in the Austro-Prussian War.

Thanks to her marriage, Thyra became Duchess of Cumberland and Teviotdale, and Duchess of Brunswick-Luneburg. She was styled Crown Princess of Hanover, although she was Queen consort in pretense.

Later life

Her husband died on 14 November 1923. Thyra survived him by nine years and died in Gmunden, Upper Austria, on 26 February 1933.


The Duke and Duchess of Cumberland with their children.

The Duke and Duchess of Cumberland had six children:

Name Birth Death Notes
Princess Marie Louise of Hanover and Cumberland 11 October 1879 31 January 1948 married Prince Maximilian of Baden (10 July 1867 – 6 November 1929); had issue
Prince George William of Hanover and Cumberland 28 October 1880 20 May 1912
Princess Alexandra of Hanover and Cumberland 29 September 1882 30 August 1963 married Friedrich Franz IV, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (9 April 1882 – 17 November 1945); had issue
Princess Olga of Hanover and Cumberland 11 July 1884 21 September 1958
Prince Christian of Hanover and Cumberland 4 July 1885 3 September 1901
Prince Ernest Augustus of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick 17 November 1887 30 January 1953 married Princess Viktoria Luise of Prussia (13 September 1892 – 11 December 1980); had issue

Titles, styles, and honours

Titles and styles

  • 29 September 1853 – 21 December 1858: Her Highness Princess Thyra of Denmark
  • 21 December 1858 – 22 December 1878: Her Royal Highness Princess Thyra of Denmark
  • 22 December 1878 – 28 March 1919: Her Royal Highness The Crown Princess of Hanover and Duchess of Cumberland and Teviotdale
  • 28 March 1919 – 26 February 1933: Her Royal Highness Crown Princess Thyra of Hanover


  • Restoration (Spain) Spain: 814th Dame Grand Cross of the Order of Queen Maria Luisa


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